What is the difference between the New Imperialism (Western Imperialism) and previous forms of imperialism?
*Slavery was absent.
*Protestantism replaced Roman Catholicism as the main missionary influence.
In general, what aspect of Britain caused the Sepoy Rebellion?
*British disrespect for Indian beliefs and customs.
What was Britain's chief imperial strategy during the nineteenth century?
*Protecting military and commercial routes to India.
What author believed that imperialism resulted from an excess of goods and capital in a home market?
What was a crucial component of the success of the New Imperialism?
*The need to assert national prestige among competing powers. (The ability to be competitive.)
What aspect was crucial for Russian expansion?
*Co-opting local elites
*Leaving local practices intact.
Many Journalists included the "Great Game" in their pieces. What were they referring to?
*The Russian-British rivalry over central Asia, especially Afghanistan.
What did French control over Morocco and Italian control over Libya represent?
*The Weakness of the Ottoman Empire.
Why were the Italians defeated at the Battle of Aduwa?
*The Ethiopians had access to weapons from the French
What condition had the greatest negative impact on the Amazon rubber tree business?
*The exportation of rubber tree seeds to new places.
Name the causes of Imperialism.
1. Need for natural resources
2. Need for markets to sell goods produced by Industrial Revolution
3. Colonies provided an outlet for overcrowding and the population explosion in many European cities.
4. European powers sought to obtain and control new naval bases.
5. Some believed that it was the 'white man's burden' to teach non-western people the proper way to live.
6. Belief in Social Darwinism which justified imperialism, and destruction of non-European races - since it suggested that it was nature's way to promote the existence of superior races.
Where had European rule virtually ceased by the early nineteenth century?
*The Americas. They were basically their own empire by the 1800s
What is the protectorate?
*A government overseen by officials from a Western power, but not in a formal colonial relationship.
What European power most believed in the "Civilizing Mission", the idea that it was their DUTY to spread their culture to the rest of the world?
What was the name for the period in Europe in 1870s through 1912 where European powers established control over African territories?
*It was commonly called the "Scramble for Africa"
What was the Boxer Rebellion?
*It was an uprising against missionaries and foreigners in China between 1899 and 1901.
What was one common thing that 19th century anthropologists believed?
*They believed in a hierarchy of races.
Explain the imperialism history of South Africa.
*In the 1600s, the DUTCH settled South Africa. The BRITISH took over Cape Town during the Napoleonic Wars and won the Boer War in 1902. They instituted RADICAL APARTHEID.
What nations did the British Empire rule over?
*Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, Half of Africa.
What new developments made the new imperialism easier and more effective?
*Iron Steamboats made travel and safety easier.
*Quinine pills that prevented malaria allowed further travel into Africa and Asia.
*Firearms, specifically machine guns, made warfare more effective. (MOST IMPORTANT)