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19 terms

Joint Action

What kind of movement occurs at a joint....
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Extension
Increasing the angle of a joint
Flexion
Decreasing the angle of a joint
Supination
Forearm- palms up/forward, Foot- rear foot inverted/forefoot everted
Pronation
Forearm- plams facing down/back, Foot- rear foot everted/forefoot inverted
Abduction
Away from the mid-line of the body, appendicular only
Adduction
Moving towards the mid-line of the body, appendicular only
Protraction
Moving away from the mid-line of the body, scapula
Retraction
Moving toward the mid-line of the body, scapula
Dorsiflexion
Toes up/heels down, foot
Plantar Flexion
Toes down/heels up, foot
Medial Rotation
Movement around an axis toward the mid-line
Lateral Rotation
Movement around an axis away from the mid-line
Inversion
Soles turn in, toward the mid-line, foot
Eversion
Soles turn out, away from the mid-line, foot
Elevation
Scapula moves up
Depression
Scapula moves down
Lateral Flexion
Spinal movement, decreasing the angle laterally
Upward Rotation
Turning around an axis, scapula- glenoid fossa turns up
Downward Rotation
Turning around an axis, scapula- glenoid fossa turns down