CPW - The Middle East 20th Century
Terms in this set (20)
Israeli statesman (born in Poland) and active Zionist who organized resistance against the British after World War II
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Egyptian statesman who nationalized the Suez Canal (1918-1870)
July 26, 1956, Nasser (leader of Egypt) nationalized the Suez Canal, Oct. 29, British, French and Israeli forces attacked Egypt. UN forced British to withdraw; made it clear Britain was no longer a world power
1955 - A treaty supported by the West that united the defenses of Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan, and Iran, to counter the threat of the expansion of the Soviet Union.
a nationalist movement built on the shared heritage of Arabs who lived in the lands from the Arabian peninsula from North Africa
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Shah of Iran when British and Russian troops occupied it and when oil was controlled by a British company
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
an economic organization consisting primarily of Arab nations that controls the price of oil and the amount of oil its members produce and sell to other nations.
Six Day War
tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967
Yom Kippur War
Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in October 1973 (on Yom Kippur)
(1898-1978) Israeli politician; she was the prime minister of Israel during the Yom Kippur War and sought assistance and supplies from the United States.
Egyptian statesman who (as president of Egypt) negotiated a peace treaty with Menachem Begin (then prime minister of Israel) (1918-1981)
Israeli statesman (born in Russia) who (as prime minister of Israel) negotiated a peace treaty with Anwar Sadat (then the president of Egypt) (1913-1992)
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
an uprising by Palestinian Arabs (in both the Gaza Strip and the West Bank) against Israel in the late 1980s and again in 2000
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
Shi'ite philosopher and cleric who led the overthrow of the shah of Iran in 1979 and created an Islamic republic. (p. 859)
Mullahs (religious leaders) overthrow the US backed Shah and establish a theocracy (religious government) that hated the US
British document that promised land in Palestine as homeland for Jews in exchange for Jews help in WWI
In this war, Soviets invaded Afghanistan in December of 1979. It lasted for ten years, ending in February of 1989
Persian Gulf War
(1990 - 1991) Conflict between Iraq and a coalition of countries led by the United States to remove Iraqi forces from Kuwait which they had invaded in hopes of controlling their oil supply. A very one sided war with the United States' coalition emerging victorious.
An agreement between the british and the french. France gets Syria and Lebanon, and Britain gets Iraq, Palestine, and Transjordan.
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