1) cohere, cling, bond, attach, to stick fast to (a surface or substance): "Paint won't adhere well to a greasy surface."
2) believe in and follow the practices of: "The people adhere to the Muslim religion."
3) abide by, stick to, hold to, comply with, act in accordance with, conform to, submit to, represent truthfully and in detail: "The account adhered firmly to fact"
(of a person) pleasant because of a personality, qualities, or interests that are similar to one's own.
hospitable, genial, personable, agreeable, friendly, pleasant, likable, amiable, nice "His congenial manner made him popular wherever he went."
sad, unhappy, doleful, dejected, downcast, downhearted, despondent, dispirited, crestfallen, depressed, disheartened, discouraged, demoralized, melancholy, miserable, without consolation or comfort; unhappy: "He'd met the man's disconsolate widow and there was nothing he could do to relieve her pain." scorn, contemptuousness, derision, disrespect, condescension, superciliousness, haughtiness, arrogance, indifference, distaste, dislike, disgust contempt, the feeling that someone/thing is unworthy of one's respect; contempt: "Her upper lip curled in disdain." pretend, feign, act, masquerade, sham, fake, bluff, posture, conceal one's true motives, feelings, or beliefs:
"An honest, sincere person with no need to dissemble;"
"She smiled, dissembling her true emotion" "Not wanting to appear heartlessly greedy, she dissembled and hid her intention to sell her ailing father's stamp collection."
submissive, compliant, obedient, pliant, dutiful, submissive, deferential, unassertive, cooperative, amenable, accommodating, biddable, malleable, easily taught or trained: "She successfully taught the docile puppy several tricks;'" "His docile children do everything he asks of them" opinionated, assertive, insistent, emphatic, adamant, authoritarian, imperious, dictatorial, uncompromising, unyielding, inflexible, rigid, to lay down principles as incontrovertibly true: "He gives his opinion without trying to be dogmatic;" "Your being so dogmatic does not attract me to your religious philosophy" stern, unsmiling, unfriendly, severe, forbidding, gruff, surly, grim, sullen, solemn, austere, stony, relentlessly severe, stern, or gloomy in manner or appearance: "They were barely acknowledged by the dour receptionist." deceitfulness, double-dealing, underhandedness, dishonesty, fraud, fraudulence, sharp practice, chicanery, trickery, subterfuge, skulduggery, treachery; shadiness: "His duplicity involved convincing his employees to let him lower their salaries and increase their stock options, and then to steal the money he saved and run the company into the ground." coercion, compulsion, force, pressure, intimidation, constraint; threats, violence, constraints, or other action brought to bear on someone to do something against their will or better judgment: "Their confessions were extracted under duress." "It was only under intense duress that he, who was normally against killing, fired his gun." exuberant, buoyant, cheerful, joyful, cheery, merry, jolly, sunny, jaunty, lighthearted, elated; animated, sparkling, vivacious, full of energy: "She sounded ebullient and happy when she told me she got the part." assorted, wide-ranging, broad-based, extensive, comprehensive, varied, diverse (referring to ideas, style, or taste): "Her musical tastes are eclectic" "That bar attracts an eclectic crowd: lawyers, artists, circus clowns, and investment bankers." 1) erase, eradicate, expunge, blot out, rub out, wipe out, remove, eliminate, erase (a mark) from a surface: "Wth time, the words are effaced by the frost and the rain"
2) keep out of sight, keep out of the limelight, lie low, keep a low profile, withdraw (oneself), make oneself appear insignificant or inconspicuous. "He attempted to efface himself"
effectual, successful, productive, constructive, potent; helpful, beneficial, advantageous, valuable, useful, successful in producing a desired or intended result; effective (typically of something inanimate or abstract):
"The vaccine has proved both efficacious and safe;"
"A change in diet may be quite efficacious in lowering your blood pressure" "My doctor promised me that the cold medicine was efficacious, but I'm still sniffling."
impudence, impertinence, cheek, insolence, cockiness, audacity, temerity, presumption, nerve, gall, shamelessness, impoliteness, disrespect, bad manners, insolent or impertinent behavior.
"One student had the effrontery to challenge the teacher's definition of the word."
1) complicated, complex, intricate, involved; detailed, painstaking, careful; tortuous, convoluted, serpentine, involving many carefully arranged parts or details, detailed and complicated in design and planning.
"Elaborate security precautions;" "an elaborate plan"
2) ornate, decorated, embellished, adorned, ornamented, fancy, fussy, busy, ostentatious, extravagant, showy: "An elaborate plasterwork ceiling"
to obtain, extract, bring out, induce, prompt, generate, engender, trigger, provoke; to evoke or draw out (a response, answer, or fact) from someone in reaction to one's own actions or questions: "They invariably elicit exclamations of approval from guests." "Your sarcastic remarks will no doubt elicit a negative response" thin, skeletal, bony, gaunt, wasted; scrawny, skinny, sticklike, waiflike; starved, underfed, undernourished, underweight, half-starved; cadaverous, shriveled, shrunken, withered, abnormally thin or weak, especially because of illness or a lack of food: "She was so emaciated she could hardly stand." a smidge different from to amend. Emend is to make corrections and improvements to (a text).
synonyms: correct, rectify, repair, fix; improve, enhance, polish, refine, amend; edit, rewrite, revise, copyedit, redraft, recast, rephrase, reword, rework, alter, change, modify: "The editors select letters for publication and may emend content at their own discretion."
1) illustrious, distinguished, renowned, esteemed, preeminent, notable, noteworthy, great, prestigious, important, influential, noted, prominent, acclaimed, exalted, revered, august, venerable: "One of the world's most eminent statisticians;" "An eminent man of letters." Pre-eminent = the ultimate, the most, the best.
2) used to emphasize the presence of a positive quality, singular, clear: "The guitar's eminent suitability for recording studio work" "The eminent reasonableness of their claims"
to imitate, copy, mirror, echo, follow, match, equal, parallel, compete with, contend with, rival, surpass, typically by imitation: "Lesser men trying to emulate his greatness;" "They tried to emulate Lucy's performance;"
"Hers is not a hairstyle I wish to emulate."
to be infatuated with, besotted with, smitten with, captivated by, enchanted by, fascinated by, bewitched by, beguiled by; keen on, taken with, filled with a feeling of love for: "It is not difficult to see why Edward is enamored of her," "She was secretly enamored of the prince" 1) to hamper, hinder, obstruct, impede, cramp, inhibit, restrict, limit, constrain, restrain, restrict or burden (someone or something) in such a way that free action or movement is difficult: "She was encumbered by her heavy skirts"
2) to saddle (a person or estate) with a debt or mortgage: "An estate heavily encumbered with debt"
to exhaust, tire, fatigue, weary, wear out, devitalize, drain, sap, weaken, enfeeble, debilitate, incapacitate, prostrate; to cause (someone) to feel drained of energy or vitality; weaken: "The hot weather enervated her" to cause, be the cause of, give rise to, bring about, occasion, lead to, result in, produce, create, generate, arouse, rouse, inspire, provoke, prompt, kindle, trigger, spark, stir up, whip up, induce, incite, instigate: "The issue engendered continuing controversy;" "During the Olympics, the victories of U.S. athletes engender a patriotic spirit among Americans." ill-will, hostility, animosity, antagonism, friction, antipathy, animus, acrimony, bitterness, rancor, resentment, aversion, ill feeling, bad feeling, ill will, bad blood, hatred, hate, loathing, odium; malice, spite, spitefulness, venom, malevolence to someone or something: "No one can understand the enmity between Protestants and Catholics in Ireland." boredom, tedium, listlessness, lethargy, lassitude, languor, weariness, enervation; malaise, dissatisfaction, melancholy, depression a feeling of listlessness and dissatisfaction arising from a lack of occupation or excitement. She felt the ennui bred of long familiarity of being a housewife." to involve, necessitate, require, need, demand, call for; mean, imply; cause, produce, result in, lead to, give rise to: "A situation that entails considerable risks" "First, we'll need to know exactly what the job entails." to captivate, charm, enchant, bewitch, fascinate, beguile, entrance, delight; win, ensnare, absorb, engross, rivet, grip, transfix, hypnotize, mesmerize, spellbind, capture the fascinated attention of:
"She had been so enthralled by the adventure that she had hardly noticed the cold"
transitory, transient, fleeting, passing, short-lived, momentary, brief, short; temporary, impermanent, lasting for a very short time: "Fashions are ephemeral" "She promised she'd love me forever, but her "forever" was only ephemeral: she left me after one week." composure, calm, level-headedness, self-possession, presence of mind, serenity, tranquility, imperturbability, equilibrium, poise, assurance, self-confidence, aplomb, sangfroid, mental calmness, composure, and evenness of temper, especially in a difficult situation. "She accepted both the good and the bad, crises and calm with equanimity" unambiguous, unmistakable, indisputable, incontrovertible, indubitable, undeniable; clear, clear-cut, plain, plain-spoken, explicit, specific, categorical, straightforward, blunt, unambiguous: "An unequivocal answer;" "The report's advice was unequivocal." open to more than one interpretation, ambiguous, indefinite, noncommittal, vague, imprecise, inexact, inexplicit, hazy; unclear, cryptic, enigmatic, ambivalent, uncertain, unsure, indecisive: "The equivocal nature of her remarks left me uncertain as to what I should do." adopt, support (a cause, belief, or way of life), embrace, accept, back, champion, favor, prefer, encourage; promote, endorse, advocate: "Do you espouse the political beliefs of your parents?" elated, happy, joyful, delighted, gleeful; excited, exhilarated, jubilant, exultant; ecstatic, blissful, rapturous, transported, characterized by or feeling intense excitement and happiness: "A euphoric sense of freedom." "The hostages received a euphoric welcome home." vanishing, fading, evaporating, melting away, disappearing; ephemeral, fleeting, short-lived, short-term, transitory, transient, fugitive, temporary,
soon passing out of sight, memory, or existence; quickly fading or disappearing: "A shimmering, evanescent soap bubble" "Operating on an evanescent budget"
reveal, show, make plain, manifest, indicate, display, exhibit, demonstrate, evidence, attest to; convey, communicate, proclaim, reveal the presence of (a quality or feeling): "His letters evince the excitement he felt at undertaking this journey."
be evidence of; indicate: "Man's inhumanity to man as evinced in the use of torture."
to infuriate, incense, anger, annoy, irritate, madden, enrage, antagonize, provoke, irk, vex, displease, irritate, infuriate. "This futile process exasperates prison officials." "Her bratty children exasperate their teachers." to aggravate, worsen, inflame, compound; intensify, increase, heighten, magnify, add to, amplify, augment; to make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse: "The forest fire was exacerbated by the lack of rain;" "Each party blames the other for exacerbating the problem." trip, outing, jaunt, expedition, journey, tour, road trip; day trip, sortie, drive, run, a short journey or trip, especially one engaged in as a leisure activity.
"An excursion to Mount Etna," "A lovely excursion to Nassau"
appalling, atrocious, lamentable, egregious, awful, dreadful, terrible; disgusting, deplorable, disgraceful, frightful, reprehensible, abhorrent, loathsome, odious, hateful, vile, abysmal, extremely bad or unpleasant.
"What a mistake to buy the execrable, cheap wine as a housewarming present." "Your last essay was an execrable piece of writing."
1) to absolve, clear, acquit, find innocent, discharge (someone) from blame for a fault or wrongdoing, especially after due consideration of the case: "The court-martial exonerated me"
2) to release someone from (a duty or obligation).
synonyms: release, discharge, free, liberate; excuse, exempt, except, dispense: "Pope Clement V exonerated the king from his oath"
extortionate, excessively high, excessive, prohibitive, outrageous, unreasonable, inflated, unconscionable, huge, enormous (of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high, rip-off: "The exorbitant price of tickets;" "Exorbitant interest rates" convenient, advantageous, in one's own interests, useful, of use, beneficial, of benefit, helpful; practical, pragmatic, politic, prudent, wise, judicious, sensible: "Either side could break the agreement if it were expedient to do so;" "A politically expedient strategy" to erase, remove, delete, rub out, wipe out, efface; cross out, strike out, blot out, destroy, obliterate, scratch, eradicate, eliminate completely (something unwanted or unpleasant): "I've expunged that memory from my mind." to censor, bowdlerize, blue-pencil, cut, edit; clean up, sanitize, make acceptable, make palatable, water down, tame, remove matter thought to be objectionable or unsuitable from (a book or account): "A book that had been expurgated for use in schools" 1) effortless, easy, undemanding, unexacting, painless, trouble-free (especially of a theory or argument); superficial, simplistic, superficial, oversimplified: "He achieved a facile victory" 2) 2. superficial, achieved with minimal thought or care, insincere (The business was in such shambles that any solution seemed facile at best; nothing could really help it in the long-run.) silly, foolish, stupid, inane, idiotic, vacuous, asinine; pointless, senseless, ridiculous, ludicrous, absurd, silly and pointless: "He considered himself a serious poet when all he could write were fatuous limericks." 1) Pleasing and fortunate, favorable, advantageous, good, pleasing, apt, fitting, appropriate, pertinent, well chosen or suited to the circumstances "The view was the room's only felicitous feature." 2) well suited, apt "While his comments were idiotic and rambling, mine were felicitous and helpful." fierce, ferocious, vicious, savage, predatory, menacing, bloodthirsty, wild, untamed, untamable, undomesticated, untrained, resembling a wild animal: "A feral cat;" "A feral snarl" impassioned, passionate, intense, vehement, ardent, sincere, fervid, heartfelt; enthusiastic, zealous, fanatical, hardcore, wholehearted, avid, eager, keen, committed, dedicated, devout: "A fervent disciple of tax reform;" "A fervent prayer" stinking, smelly, foul-smelling, malodorous, reeking, pungent, acrid, high, rank, foul, noxious, smelling extremely unpleasant; "The fetid water of the marsh;"
"A fetid pile of garbage"
capricious, changeable, variable, volatile, mercurial; inconstant, undependable, unsteady, unfaithful, faithless, flighty, giddy, skittish; changing frequently, especially as regards one's loyalties, interests, or affection: "Web patrons are a notoriously fickle lot, bouncing from one site to another on a whim;" "The fickle Loretta has a different boyfriend every month." 1) lackluster, lifeless, listless, uninspiring, unanimated, tame, dull, vapid, lacking force or effectiveness: "the flaccid leadership campaign was causing concern;" "his play seemed flaccid"
2) soft, loose, flabby, slack, lax (of part of the body) soft and hanging loosely or limply, especially so as to look or feel unpleasant: "She took his flaccid hand in hers"
blatant, glaring, obvious, overt, conspicuous, barefaced, shameless, brazen, undisguised, unconcealed, outrageous, scandalous, shocking, disgraceful, dreadful, terrible, gross (of something considered wrong or immoral) conspicuously or obviously offensive:
"His flagrant bad taste;" "It was a flagrant distortion of the facts"
1) ruddy, red, red-faced, rosy, rosy-cheeked, pink; flushed, blushing, high-colored; having a red or flushed complexion: "A stout man with a florid face"
2) flowery, ornate, fancy, elaborate, embellished, curlicued, extravagant, flamboyant, baroque, rococo, fussy, busy, elaborately or excessively intricate or complicated: "Florid operatic-style music was out."
to defy, refuse to obey, disobey, break, violate, fail to comply with, fail to observe, contravene, infringe, breach, commit a breach of, transgress against; ignore, disregard, openly disregard (a rule, law or convention):
"These same companies still flout basic ethical practices;" "Countless retailers flout the law by selling cigarettes to children"
tolerance, patience, resignation, endurance, fortitude, stoicism; leniency, clemency, indulgence; restraint, self-restraint, self-control, restraint and tolerance: "We are proud of the forbearance you have demonstrated during these difficult weeks" to preempt, get in before; anticipate, second-guess; nip in the bud, thwart, frustrate, foil, stave off, ward off, fend off, avert, preclude, obviate, prevent, obstruct (an anticipated event or action) by taking action ahead of time: "Vitamins may forestall many diseases of aging"
act in advance of (someone) in order to prevent them from doing something: "She started to rise when she heard a ring, but Erica forestalled her and got the telephone"
abandon, desert, leave, leave high and dry, turn one's back on, cast aside, break (up) with; jilt, strand, leave stranded, renounce, abandon, relinquish, dispense with, disclaim, disown, disavow, discard, wash one's hands of; give up, drop, jettison, do away with: "He would never forsake Tara"
renounce or give up (something valued or pleasant):
"I won't forsake my vegetarian principles"
chance, unexpected, lucky, fluky, fortunate, providential, advantageous, timely, opportune, serendipitous, unanticipated, unpredictable, unforeseen, unlooked-for, serendipitous, casual, incidental, coincidental, random, accidental, inadvertent, unintentional, unintended, unplanned, unpremeditated, happening by accident or chance rather than design: "the similarity between the paintings may not be simply fortuitous;" "a fortuitous resemblance" grumpy, bad-tempered, irascible, irritable, crotchety, grouchy, cantankerous, short-tempered, tetchy, testy, curmudgeonly, ill-tempered, ill-humored, peevish, cross, waspish, crabby, crusty, wayward, unruly, uncontrollable, unmanageable, out of hand, obstreperous, difficult, headstrong, recalcitrant, intractable; disobedient, insubordinate, disruptive, disorderly, undisciplined, prickly (typically of children) irritable and quarrelsome: "They fight and squabble like fractious children" 1) full of, filled with, rife with; attended by, accompanied by: "Marketing any new product is fraught with danger"
2) anxious, worried, stressed, upset, distraught, overwrought, worked up, antsy, agitated, distressed, distracted, desperate, frantic, panicky, wound up, causing or affected by great anxiety or stress: "There was a fraught silence;" "She sounded a bit fraught"
Frantic, wild, frenzied, hectic, fraught, feverish, fevered, mad, manic, hyperactive, energetic, intense, amped-up, fast and furious, turbulent, tumultuous, fast and energetic in a rather wild and uncontrolled way.
"a frenetic pace of activity" "the frenetic bustle of the city"
obtrusively bright and showy; lurid, gaudy, lurid, loud, harsh, glaring, violent, showy, glittering, brassy, brash; tasteless, in bad taste, tawdry, vulgar, unattractive:
"Garish shirts in all sorts of colors;" "Garish party decorations"
talkative, loquacious, voluble, verbose, chatty, chattering, gossipy; effusive, expansive, forthcoming, conversational, communicative, excessively talkative, ong-winded, wordy, verbose, prolix, long, lengthy, rambling, wandering, maundering, meandering, digressive, diffuse, discursive, especially on trivial matters.
"Polonius is portrayed as a foolish, garrulous old man"
to provoke, spur, prod, egg on, hound, badger, incite, rouse, stir, move, stimulate, motivate, prompt, induce, encourage, urge, inspire; impel, pressure, provoke or annoy (someone) so as to stimulate some action or reaction: "He goaded her on to more daring revelations;" "We were goaded into action" ambitious, bold, overambitious, extravagant, high-flown, flamboyant, magnificent, impressive, grand, imposing, awe-inspiring, splendid, resplendent, majestic, glorious, elaborate, palatial, stately, luxurious, opulent, impressive or magnificent in appearance or style, especially pretentiously so: "The court's grandiose facade;" "Grandiose plans to reform the world" 1. unjustified, uncalled for, unwarranted, unprovoked, undue; indefensible, unjustifiable; needless, unnecessary, inessential, unmerited, groundless, senseless, wanton, indiscriminate: "Gratuitous violence"
"There was the excessive use of vulgarity in the movie, which was ridiculously gratuitous"
2. given or done free of charge.
"Solicitors provide a form of gratuitous legal advice"
cunning, craftiness, craft, artfulness, art, artifice, wiliness, slyness, deviousness; wiles, ploys, schemes, stratagems, maneuvers, tricks, subterfuges, ruses; deception, deceit, duplicity, underhandedness, double-dealing, trickery, sly or cunning intelligence: "Owen used all his guile and guts to free himself from the muddle he was in" overused, overdone, overworked, worn out, timeworn, platitudinous, vapid, stale, tired, threadbare; trite, banal, hack, clichéd, hoary, commonplace, common, ordinary, stock, conventional, stereotyped, predictable; unimaginative, unoriginal, uninspired, prosaic, dull, boring, uninvolving, pedestrian, run-of-the-mill, boilerplate, routine
"Hackneyed old sayings;" "Your hackneyed arguments fail to persuade anyone"
unfortunate, unlucky, luckless, out of luck, ill-starred, ill-fated, jinxed, cursed, doomed; unhappy, forlorn, wretched, miserable, woebegone: "If you're one of the many hapless car buyers who've been shafted;" "My poor, hapless family never seems to pick a sunny week to go on vacation." irade, diatribe, lecture, polemic, rant, fulmination, broadside, attack, onslaught; criticism, condemnation, censure, admonition, sermon; declamation, speech, lecture (someone) at length in an aggressive and critical manner: "A lengthy and aggressive speech;" "A ten-minute harangue;" "the kind of guy who harangued total strangers about toxic levels in Atlantic fish" 1) robust, healthy, fit, strong, sturdy, tough, rugged, hearty, lusty, vigorous, hale and hearty, fit as a fiddle, fighting fit, in fine fettle, in good health, in good condition: "Our tiny frail baby has grown into a strapping hardy man;"
2) (of a plant) able to survive outside during winter.
Arrogantly superior and disdainful, arrogantly superior and disdainful; proud, arrogant, vain, conceited, snobbish, superior, self-important, pompous, supercilious, condescending, patronizing; scornful, contemptuous, full of oneself: "A look of haughty disdain" political term: leadership, dominion, supremacy, authority, mastery, control, power, sway, rule, sovereignty, dominance especially by one country or social group over others: "Germany was united under Prussian hegemony after 1871" odious, wicked, evil, atrocious, monstrous, abominable, detestable, contemptible, reprehensible, despicable, egregious, horrific, terrible, awful, abhorrent, loathsome, hideous, unspeakable, execrable; iniquitous, villainous, an utterly odious or wicked person or event: "A battery of heinous crimes" varied, varying, variegated, miscellaneous, assorted, mixed, sundry, disparate, multifarious, different, differing, diverse in character or content: "A large and heterogeneous collection" break, gap, interval, intermission, interlude, interruption, suspension, lull, respite, time out, time off, recess, a pause or gap in a sequence, series, or process: "There was a brief hiatus in the war with France;" "The spring hiatus gave us time to rethink our next project" pecking order, order, ranking, chain of command, grading, gradation, ladder, scale, range, a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority: "In the corporate hierarchy, Curt is about six levels below the CEO"
an arrangement or classification of things according to relative importance or inclusiveness: "A taxonomic hierarchy of phyla, classes, orders, families, genera, and species"
affectation, speciousness, insincerity, falseness, deceit, dishonesty, mendacity, pretense, duplicity, sanctimoniousness, sanctimony, piousness; phoniness, fraud, the practice of claiming to have moral standards or beliefs to which one's own behavior does not conform: "Must every political debate be filled with hypocrisy?" 1) critic, skeptic, heretic, unbeliever, dissident, dissenter, infidel; rebel, renegade, a person who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions. "In terms of the political culture in Quincy, she is an iconoclast"
2) a destroyer of images used in religious worship, in particular.
distinctive, individual, individualistic, peculiar, atypical, special, specific, unique, eccentric, unconventional, irregular, odd, quirky "She emerged as one of the great idiosyncratic talents of the Nineties" "Of the great idiosyncratic detectives of fiction, Monk is my favorite" shameful, dishonorable, ignominious, discreditable, disgraceful, scandalous; humiliating, mortifying, demeaning, ignoble, undignified, (of an action or situation) causing shame or a loss of honor: "Her association with the blackmailers brought an inglorious end to an otherwise brilliant career" 1) illegal, unlawful, illegitimate, criminal, felonious; outlawed, banned, forbidden, prohibited, proscribed; unlicensed, unauthorized, unsanctioned; contraband, forbidden by law, rules, or custom: "Illicit drugs"
2) taboo, forbidden, impermissible, unacceptable, adulterous, secret, clandestine, furtive: "An illicit love affair"
fixed, set, rigid, inflexible, permanent, established, carved in stone; unchanging, unchanged, unvarying, unvaried, static, constant, lasting, enduring, steadfast, unchanging over time or unable to be changed: "An immutable fact;" "The subtext of the liturgy had always been God's immutable power" expressionless, unexpressive, inexpressive, inscrutable, unreadable, blank, deadpan, wooden, unresponsive, cold, unmoved, indifferent; serene, calm, peaceful, unruffled, dispassionate, cool, unemotional, not feeling or showing emotion. "The Judge listened to her plea with his arms folded and remained impassive" flawless, faultless, unblemished, spotless, immaculate, pristine, stainless, perfect, exemplary; sinless, irreproachable, in accordance with the highest standards of propriety; faultless: "A man of impeccable character" "If your grades were as impeccable as your sister's, then you too would receive a car for a graduation present." peremptory, high-handed, commanding, imperial, overbearing, overweening, domineering, authoritarian, dictatorial, autocratic, authoritative, lordly, assertive, bossy, arrogant, haughty, presumptuous, assuming power or authority without justification; arrogant and domineering. "Many stories are told of imperious judges who hand down unfair sentences." rude, insolent, impolite, ill-mannered, bad-mannered, uncivil, discourteous, disrespectful; impudent, cheeky, pert, audacious, bold, brazen, brash, presumptuous, forward; tactless, undiplomatic, not showing proper respect; "Rolling your eyes in response to a question is impertinent and uncalled." 1) impermeable, impenetrable, impregnable, waterproof, watertight, water-resistant, repellent,not allowing fluid to pass through: "An impervious layer of basaltic clay;" "An impervious rain jacket"
2) unaffected by, untouched by, immune to, invulnerable to, insusceptible to, resistant to, indifferent to, heedless of, insensible to, unconscious of, oblivious to: "He worked, apparently impervious to the heat"
impulsive, rash, hasty, overhasty, reckless, heedless, careless, foolhardy, bullheaded, headstrong, incautious, imprudent, injudicious, ill-considered, spontaneous, impromptu, acting or done quickly and without thought or care: "Her friend was headstrong and impetuous when she married in Las Vegas" 1) affect, touch, have a bearing on, influence, have/make an impact on, leave a mark on, have an effect on, especially a negative one: "Nora was determined that the tragedy would impinge as little as possible on Constance's life"
2) encroach, intrude on, infringe (on), invade, trespass on, obtrude, cut through, interfere with, advance over an area belonging to someone or something else: "The developers plans impinged on protected wetlands;" "The proposed highway would impinge on parkland"
unappeasable, unforgiving, unsparing; inexorable, intransigent, inflexible, unyielding, unbending, uncompromising, unrelenting, relentless, ruthless, remorseless, merciless, heartless, pitiless, cruel, hard, harsh, stern, tough, unstoppable, unable to be placated: "He was an implacable enemy of Ted's;" "The implacable advance of the enemy" to execute, apply, put into effect, put into action, put into practice, carry out/through, perform, enact; fulfill, discharge, accomplish, achieve, realize, actualize:
"The regulations implement a 1954 treaty;" "The cost of implementing the new law"
show (someone) to be involved in a crime.
"police claims implicated him in many more killings"
synonyms: incriminate, compromise; involve, connect, link, embroil, enmesh, ensnare, entangle;
"he had been implicated in a financial scandal"
2) convey (a meaning or intention) indirectly through what one says, rather than stating it explicitly, imply: "By saying that coffee would keep her awake, Mary implicated that she didn't want any"
1) suggested, insinuated; unspoken, unexpressed, undeclared, unstated, tacit, inherent, latent, underlying, inbuilt, incorporated; understood, inferred, implied though not plainly expressed. "Your comments are seen as implicit criticism of the policy"
2) absolute, complete, total, wholehearted, perfect, utter; unqualified, unconditional, unshakable, unquestioning, firm, steadfast, with no qualification or question: "An implicit faith in God"
1) secure, strong, well fortified, well defended; invincible, unconquerable, unbeatable, indomitable, indestructible
(of a fortified position) unable to be captured or broken into: "An impregnable wall of solid sandstone;" "The fortress is impregnable"
2) unassailable, unbeatable, undefeatable, unshakable, invincible, unconquerable, invulnerable "He displayed a calm, impregnable certainty"
impertinent, insolent, cheeky, cocky, brazen, bold, audacious; presumptuous, forward, disrespectful, insubordinate, bumptious, brash, brassy, rude, impolite, ill-mannered, discourteous, ill-bred, not showing due respect for another person: "The oblivious couple and their impudent children were asked to leave" silly, foolish, stupid, fatuous, idiotic, ridiculous, ludicrous, absurd, senseless, asinine, frivolous, vapid; childish, puerile, infantile: "Don't constantly badger people with inane questions;" "Another one of your inane, get-rich-quick, schemes" in human form, in the flesh, in physical form, in bodily form, made flesh; corporeal, physical, fleshly, embodied, personified, (especially of a deity or spirit) embodied in flesh; in human form, the idea that God incarnates himself in man: "God incarnate;"
"The chairman has been labeled "evil incarnate" by various conservationists;"
ceaseless, unceasing, constant, continual, unabating, interminable, endless, unending, never-ending, everlasting, eternal, perpetual, continuous, nonstop, around/round-the-clock, uninterrupted, unbroken, unremitting, persistent, relentless, unrelenting, unrelieved, sustained, (of something unpleasant), continuing without pause or interruption; "The incessant beat of the music;" "Their dog's incessant barking" penetrating, acute, sharp, sharp-witted, razor-sharp, keen, astute, trenchant, shrewd, piercing, cutting, perceptive, insightful, percipient, perspicacious, discerning, analytical, clever, smart, quick; (of a person or mental process) intelligently analytical and clear-thinking: "She was an incisive book editor;" "The songs offer incisive pictures of American ways" 1) tendency, propensity, proclivity, leaning, predisposition, disposition, predilection, desire, wish, impulse, bent, bias; liking, affection, penchant, partiality, preference, appetite, fancy, interest, affinity; stomach, taste, a person's natural tendency or urge to act or feel in a particular way; a disposition or propensity: "John was a scientist by training and inclination"
2) a slope or slant (incline): Changes in inclination of the line on the graph
indisputable, incontestable, undeniable, irrefutable, unassailable, beyond dispute, unquestionable, beyond question, indubitable, beyond doubt, unarguable, undebatable; certain, sure, definite, definitive, proven, decisive, conclusive, demonstrable: "He realizes that his forensic findings are not incontrovertible;" "incontrovertible proof" (of a person or their tendencies) not able to be corrected, improved, or reformed. "You can buy Grandma nicotine gum all you want, but I think that after sixty-five years of smoking she's incorrigible."
inveterate, habitual, confirmed, incurable, chronic, irredeemable, hopeless, beyond hope: "He was an incorrigible flirt"
tireless, unflagging, unwearied; determined, tenacious, assiduous, industrious, hard-working, unswerving, unfaltering, unwavering, unshakable, resolute, indomitable; persistent, relentless: (of a person or their efforts) persisting tirelessly: "An indefatigable defender of human rights" anger or annoyance provoked by what is perceived as unfair treatment; resentment, umbrage, affront, disgruntlement, displeasure, anger, outrage, annoyance, irritation, exasperation, vexation, offense, pique: "She was filled with indignation at having been blamed unjustly" wanting to avoid activity or exertion; lazy.
idle, slothful, loafing, sluggardly, shiftless, lackadaisical, languid, inactive, underactive, inert, sluggish, lethargic, torpid; slack, feckless: "Those who choose to remain aimless and indolent will never benefit from our self-help programs"
invincible, unconquerable, unbeatable, unassailable, invulnerable, unshakable, unsinkable; indefatigable, unyielding, unbending, stalwart, stout-hearted, lionhearted, strong-willed, strong-minded, steadfast, staunch, resolute, firm, determined, intransigent, inflexible, adamant; unflinching, courageous, brave, valiant, heroic, intrepid, fearless; impossible to subdue or defeat. "A woman of indomitable spirit" 1) persuade, convince, prevail upon, get, make, prompt, move, inspire, influence, encourage, motivate; wheedle (into), cajole (into), talk (into), succeed in persuading or influencing (someone) to do something: "The picketed protesters induced many workers to stay away"
2) bring about, cause, produce, effect, create, give rise to, generate, instigate, engender, occasion, set in motion, lead to, result in, trigger, whip up, stir up, kindle, arouse, rouse, foster, promote, encourage bring about or give rise to: "He believed he could induce hypnosis by swaying a watch back and forth"
indescribable, inexpressible, beyond words, beyond description, begging description; indefinable, unutterable, untold, unimaginable; overwhelming, breathtaking, awesome, marvelous, wonderful, too great or extreme to be expressed or described in words:
"The ineffable natural beauty of the Everglades;" "The ineffable name of God"
incompetent, unskillful, unskilled, inexpert, amateurish; clumsy, awkward, maladroit, bungling, blundering; unproductive, unsuccessful, ineffectual, having or showing no skill: "His mother could pitch a wicked fastball, but she was completely inept in the kitchen" 1) relentless, unstoppable, inescapable, inevitable, unavoidable, irrevocable, unalterable; persistent, continuous, nonstop, steady, interminable, incessant, unceasing, unremitting, unrelenting; impossible to stop or prevent:
"The seemingly inexorable march of new technology;" "The inexorable advance of science"
2) (of a person) impossible to persuade by request or entreaty; intransigent, unbending, unyielding, inflexible, adamant, obdurate, immovable, unshakable; implacable, unappeasable, pitiless, merciless: "The doctors were inexorable, and there was nothing to be done;" "inexorable creditors"
notoriety, disrepute, ill fame, disgrace, discredit, shame, dishonor, ignominy, scandal, censure, blame, disapprobation, condemnation; the state of being well known for some bad quality or deed:
"Th day Pearl Harbor was bombed is a day that will live in infamy"
naive, innocent, simple, childlike, trusting, unwary; unsuspicious, unworldly, wide-eyed, inexperienced, green; open, sincere, honest, frank, candid, forthright, artless, guileless, genuine; (of a person or action) innocent and unsuspecting: "She had never before met a grown man so ingenuous." 1) impede, hinder, hamper, hold back, discourage, interfere with, obstruct, slow down, retard; curb, check, suppress, restrict, fetter, cramp, frustrate, stifle, prevent, block, thwart, foil, stop, halt, hinder, restrain, or prevent (an action or process): "Cold inhibits plant growth;" "Caffeine inhibits human growth;" "Fear inhibits one's willingness to change"
2) make (someone) self-conscious and unable to act in a relaxed and natural way; "His mother's lectures always inhibit him"
harmful, injurious, detrimental, deleterious, prejudicial, damaging, hurtful, destructive, ruinous, pernicious; antagonistic, contrary, antipathetic, unfavorable, adverse, opposed; hostile, unkind, unsympathetic, unfriendly, ill-disposed, malevolent, tending to obstruct or harm: "Actions inimical to our interests" A judicial order that restrains a person from beginning or continuing an action threatening or invading the legal right of another, or that compels a person to carry out a certain act, e.g., to make restitution to an injured party.
Order, ruling, directive, command, instruction; decree, edict, dictum, dictate, fiat, mandate, writ; warning, caution, admonition; an authoritative warning or order: "The injunction prevents Sunday trading"
inborn, inbred, inherent, indwelling, natural, intrinsic, instinctive, intuitive, unlearned; hereditary, inherited, natural: "Her innate capacity for organization;"
"An innate talent for woodworking"
insinuation, suggestion, intimation, implication, hint, overtone, undertone, allusion, reference; aspersion, slur; an allusive or oblique remark or hint, typically a suggestive or disparaging one: "His innuendoes were usually just thinly veiled sexual remarks" stealthy, subtle, surreptitious, cunning, crafty, treacherous, artful, sly, wily, shifty, underhanded, indirect; proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with harmful effects: "Sexually transmitted diseases can be insidious and sometimes without symptoms;" "The insidious bond between big money and political decisions" 1) imply, suggest, hint, intimate, indicate, let it be known, give someone to understand; suggest or hint (something bad or reprehensible) in an indirect and unpleasant way: "He was insinuating that she had slept her way to the top;" "He insinuated that she lied"
2) worm one's way into, ingratiate oneself with, curry favor with; foist oneself on, introduce oneself into, edge one's way into, maneuver oneself into (a position of favor or office) by subtle manipulation:
"She seemed to be taking over, insinuating herself into the family"
1) tasteless, flavorless, bland, weak; lacking flavor: "Mugs of insipid coffee"
2) unimaginative, uninspired, uninspiring, characterless, flat, uninteresting, lackluster, dull, drab, boring, dry; lacking vigor or interest: "Many artists continued to churn out insipid, shallow works"
impertinent, impudent, cheeky, ill-mannered, bad-mannered, unmannerly, rude, impolite, uncivil, discourteous, disrespectful, insubordinate, contemptuous; audacious; showing a rude and arrogant lack of respect: "She hated the insolent tone of his voice;" "Dan is an inveterate wise guy who can't help making insolent cracks as he narrates the tale" 1) set in motion, get underway, get off the ground, start, commence, begin, initiate, launch, institute, set up, inaugurate; bring about or initiate (an action or event): "They instigated a reign of terror;" "The committee instigated formal proceedings"
2) incite, encourage, urge, provoke, goad, spur (on), initiate; incite someone to do something, especially something bad: "instigating men to refuse allegiance to the civil powers"
narrow-minded, small-minded, inward-looking, parochial, provincial, small-town, shortsighted, hidebound, blinkered; set in one's ways, inflexible, rigid, entrenched; illiberal, intolerant, prejudiced, bigoted; ignorant of or uninterested in cultures, ideas, or peoples outside one's own experience: "A stubbornly insular farming people" "Because of the sensitive nature of their jobs, those who work for the CIA must remain insular and generally only spend time with each other." never-ending, ceaseless, unceasing, incessant, constant, continual, uninterrupted, sustained; monotonous, tedious, long-winded, endless (often used hyperbolically): "We got bogged down in interminable discussions;" "The interminable silence was finally broken by the plaints of her crying infant" suggestion, hint, indication, sign, signal, inkling, suspicion, impression; clue, undertone, whisper, wind; communication, notification, notice, warning: "The first intimation of trouble came when the police began going door to door" 1) unmanageable, uncontrollable, difficult, awkward, troublesome, demanding, burdensome; hard to control or deal with: "Intractable economic problems"
2) stubborn, obstinate, obdurate, inflexible, headstrong, willful, unbending, unyielding, uncompromising, unaccommodating, uncooperative, difficult, awkward, perverse, contrary, pigheaded, (of a person) difficult:
"An intractable man"
uncompromising, inflexible, unbending, unyielding, diehard, unshakable, unwavering, resolute, rigid, unaccommodating, uncooperative, stubborn, obstinate, obdurate; unwilling or refusing to change one's views or to agree about something: "The regime remained intransigent in its opposition to wider participation in the political process" unafraid, undaunted, unflinching, unshrinking, bold, daring, gallant, audacious, adventurous, heroic, dynamic, spirited, indomitable; brave, courageous, valiant, fearless; adventurous (often used for rhetorical or humorous effect): "Our intrepid reporter;"
"Our intrepid leader inspired us to forge ahead"
1) to overwhelm, overrun, overload, bog down, swamp, besiege, snow under, bombard; overwhelm (someone) with things or people to be dealt with: "We've been inundated with complaints from listeners"
2) to flood, deluge, overrun, swamp, drown, submerge, engulf: "The islands may be the first to be inundated as sea levels rise;" "A flood inundated the temple"
abuse, insults, expletives, swear words, swearing, curses, foul language, foul language, vituperation; denunciation, censure, vilification, revilement, reproach, castigation, recrimination; insulting, abusive, or highly critical language: "He let out a stream of invectives;" "The invective that spewed from his lips left everyone speechless" confirmed, hardened, incorrigible, addicted, habitual, compulsive, obsessive, ingrained, deep-seated, deep-rooted, entrenched, congenital, ineradicable, incurable; having a particular habit, activity, or interest that is long-established and unlikely to change: "He was an inveterate gambler;" "Inveterate corruption;" "An inveterate liberal" irritable, quick-tempered, short-tempered, hot-tempered, testy, touchy, tetchy, edgy, crabby, petulant, waspish, dyspeptic, snappish; cross, surly, crusty, grouchy, grumpy, cranky, cantankerous; having or showing a tendency to be easily angered: "An irascible man" opalescent, nacreous; shimmering, luminous, glittering, sparkling, dazzling, shining, gleaming, glowing, lustrous, scintillating; kaleidoscopic, rainbow-colored, multicolored; showing luminous colors that seem to change when seen from different angles: "An iridescent film of oil on the puddle" overjoyed, exultant, triumphant, joyful, rejoicing, exuberant, elated, thrilled, gleeful, euphoric, ecstatic, enraptured; feeling or expressing great happiness and triumph: "A jubilant crowd cheered their winning Superbowl team."" wise, sensible, prudent, politic, shrewd, astute, canny, sagacious, commonsensical, sound, well advised, discerning, percipient, intelligent, smart; informal; having, showing, or done with good judgment or sense: "The efficient and judicious use of pesticides;" "Following a judicious course of action" 1) brief, concise, terse, succinct, short, pithy; (of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words: "His laconic reply suggested a lack of interest in the topic"
2) taciturn, uncommunicative, reticent, quiet, reserved, silent, unforthcoming, brief: "Their laconic press agent"
1) translucent, transparent, clear, crystal clear, crystalline, glassy, limpid, unclouded, gin-clear, translucently clear.
"mountains reflected in the pellucid waters"
2) lucid, limpid, clear, crystal clear, articulate; coherent, comprehensible, understandable, intelligible, straightforward, simple, clean, well constructed: "He writes, as always, in pellucid prose"
3) (of music or other sound) clear and pure in tone.
"a smooth legato and pellucid singing tone are his calling cards"
liking, fondness, preference, taste, relish, appetite, partiality, soft spot, love, passion, desire, fancy, whim, weakness, inclination, bent, bias, proclivity, predilection, predisposition, a strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something: "He has a penchant for adopting stray dogs" "Jill's dinner parties quickly became monotonous on account of her penchant for Mexican dishes." feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong; repentant, contrite, remorseful, sorry, apologetic, regretful, conscience-stricken, rueful, ashamed, shamefaced, abject
"She wore a penitent expression after eating the last cookie." "The jury's verdict may have been more lenient if the criminal had appeared penitent for his gruesome crimes."
poor, poverty-stricken, destitute, impecunious, impoverished, indigent, needy, in reduced/straitened circumstances, hard up, unable to make ends meet, penniless, without a cent (to one's name): "The kids made fun of the penurious old man with his underfed dog" treacherous, duplicitous, deceitful, disloyal, faithless, unfaithful, traitorous, treasonous, false, false-hearted, double-dealing, two-faced, Janus-faced, untrustworthy:
"After the official was caught selling government secrets to enemy agents, he was executed for his perfidious ways."
carried out with a minimum of effort or reflection, cursory, desultory, quick, brief, hasty, hurried, rapid, fleeting, token, casual, superficial, careless, half-hearted, sketchy, mechanical, automatic, routine, offhand, inattentive: "He gave a perfunctory nod to the student begging for acknowledgement" pervade, spread through, fill, filter through, diffuse through, imbue, penetrate, pass through, percolate through, perfuse, suffuse, steep, impregnate, inform, spread throughout (something), soak through, seep through, saturate, transfuse, percolate through, leach through: "The aroma of soup permeated the air;" "The delicious smell permeated the entire apartment" harmful, damaging, destructive, injurious, hurtful, detrimental, deleterious, dangerous, adverse, inimical, unhealthy, unfavorable, bad, evil, baleful, wicked, malign, malevolent, malignant, noxious, poisonous, corrupting, having a harmful effect, especially in a gradual or subtle way: "The pernicious influences of the mass media" "A pernicious influence on society" inclination, tendency, leaning, disposition, proneness, propensity, bent, bias, penchant, predisposition; predilection, partiality, liking, preference, taste, fondness, weakness, a tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition toward a particular thing: "Mom has a proclivity for hard work;" "Isabella has a proclivity to over-exaggerate." developing, growing, emerging, emergent, dawning, just beginning, inceptive, initial, inchoate; nascent, embryonic, fledgling, in its infancy, germinal,
in an initial stage; beginning to happen or develop:
"He could feel incipient anger building up" (In Once Upon a Mattress . . ."My incipient wife." "The system detects incipient problems early"
incisive, penetrating, sharp, keen, insightful, acute, focused, shrewd, razor-sharp, piercing; vigorous, forceful, strong, potent, telling, emphatic, forthright; mordant, cutting, biting, acerbic, vigorous or incisive in expression or style: "She heard angry voices, not loud, yet certainly trenchant;" "The Republican men had trenchant criticism of Hillary Clinton's leadership" take offense, take exception, be aggrieved, be affronted, be annoyed, be angry, be indignant, be put out, be insulted, be hurt, be piqued, be resentful, be disgruntled: "She took umbrage at his remarks;"
"I would take umbrage at that if I thought you were serious"
1) eerie, unnatural, unearthly, preternatural, supernatural, otherworldly, ghostly, mysterious, strange, unsettling, abnormal, weird, bizarre, surreal, strange or mysterious, especially in an unsettling way: "An uncanny feeling that she was being watched;" "The silence was uncanny"
2) striking, remarkable, extraordinary, exceptional, incredible, noteworthy, notable, arresting: "An uncanny resemblance"
smooth or greasy in texture, appearance, manner (of a person), excessively or ingratiatingly flattering; oily, sycophantic, ingratiating, obsequious, fawning, servile, groveling, subservient, cringing, humble, hypocritical, insincere, gushing, effusive; glib, smooth, slick, slippery, oily, greasy; smarmy, slimy: "He seemed anxious to please but not in an unctuous way;" "She sees through his unctuous manners" to to criticize or scold severely, reprimand, rebuke, admonish, chastise, chide, reprove, reproach, scold, berate, take to task, lambaste, give someone a piece of one's mind, give someone a tongue-lashing, rake/haul over the coals, lecture, scold: "He was upbraided for his slovenly appearance;" "We were upbraided for leaving the back door unlocked" practical, functional, pragmatic, serviceable, useful, sensible, efficient, utility, workaday, no-frills; plain, unadorned, undecorative; designed to be useful or practical rather than attractive: "She traded in her sporty little coupe for a utilitarian station wagon" to dither, waver, be indecisive, be undecided, be ambivalent, hesitate, be of two minds, blow hot and cold, keep changing one's mind, be conflicted; fluctuate, oscillate; to alternate or waver between different opinions or actions: "I had for a time vacillated between teaching and journalism" silly, inane, unintelligent, insipid, foolish, stupid, fatuous, idiotic, brainless, witless, vapid, vacant; having or showing a lack of thought or intelligence; "A vacuous smile;" "That vacuous laugh of his drives me nuts" 1) to check or prove the validity or accuracy of (something): "These estimates have been validated by periodic surveys"
2) to prove, substantiate, corroborate, verify, support, demonstrate or support the truth or value of:
"In a healthy family a child's feelings are validated;"
"Clinical trials now exist to validate this claim"
3) to ratify, endorse, approve, agree to, accept, authorize, legalize, legitimize, warrant, license, certify, make or declare legally valid: "250 certificates need to be validated"
insipid, uninspired, colorless, uninteresting, feeble, flat, dull, boring, tedious, tired, unexciting, uninspiring, unimaginative; offering nothing that is stimulating or challenging "A tuneful but vapid musical comedies" passionate, forceful, ardent, impassioned, heated, spirited, urgent, fervent, violent, fierce, fiery, strong, forcible, powerful, emphatic, vigorous, intense, earnest, keen, enthusiastic, zealous, showing strong feeling; forceful, passionate, or intense:
"Her voice was low but vehement;" "Her vehement arguments persuaded them to save the housing project"
respected, venerated, revered, honored, esteemed, hallowed, august, distinguished, eminent; accorded a great deal of respect, especially because of age, wisdom, or character: "A venerable statesman"
(in the Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a deceased person who has attained a certain degree of sanctity but has not been fully beatified or canonized
truthfulness, truth, accuracy, correctness, faithfulness, fidelity; reputability, honesty, sincerity, trustworthiness, reliability, dependability, scrupulousness, ethics, morality, righteousness, virtuousness, decency, straightforwardness: "Officials expressed doubts concerning the veracity of the story"
habitual truthfulness; "Voters should be concerned about his veracity and character"
wordy, loquacious, garrulous, talkative, voluble; long-winded, flatulent, lengthy, prolix, tautological, pleonastic, periphrastic, circumlocutory, circuitous, wandering, discursive, digressive, rambling, using or expressed in more words than are needed: "Much academic language is obscure and verbose;"
"Try not to be so verbose when you're being interviewed"
1) remnant, fragment, relic, echo, indication, sign, trace, residue, mark, legacy, reminder, remains, a trace of something that is disappearing or no longer exists:
"The last vestiges of colonialism"
2) bit, touch, hint, suggestion, suspicion, shadow, scrap, tinge, speck, shred, jot, iota, whit, scintilla, the smallest amount (used to emphasize the absence of something).
"He waited patiently, but without a vestige of sympathy;" "She showed no vestige of emotion"
annoy, irritate, anger, infuriate, exasperate, irk, gall, pique, put out, antagonize, nettle, get on someone's nerves, ruffle someone's feathers; make (someone) feel annoyed, frustrated, or worried, especially with trivial matters: "The memory of the conversation still vexed him;" "Alice was vexed by his remarks" watchful, observant, attentive, alert, eagle-eyed, hawk-eyed, on one's guard, cautious, wary, circumspect, heedful, mindful; "The burglar was spotted by vigilant neighbors:" "We've become more vigilant since the neighbors were robbed" to lower in importance, disparage, denigrate, defame, run down, revile, abuse, speak ill of, criticize, condemn, denounce; malign, slander, libel, slur; to speak or write about in an abusively disparaging manner: "He was vilified by his peers over Instagram;" "The press has eagerly vilified Smith and her attorneys" 1) to avenge; to free from allegation; to set free, to acquit, clear, absolve, exonerate; discharge, liberate, free; clear (someone) of blame or suspicion:
"The hospital staff were vindicated by the inquest verdict;" "He was vindicated by the jury"
2) to justify, warrant, substantiate, ratify, authenticate, verify, confirm, corroborate, prove, defend, support, back up, bear out, evidence, endorse, to show or prove to be right: "I had fully vindicated my contention"
vengeful, revengeful, unforgiving, resentful, acrimonious, bitter; spiteful, mean, rancorous, venomous, malicious, malevolent, nasty, mean-spirited, cruel, unkind; having or showing a strong or unreasoning desire for revenge: "The criticism was both vindictive and personalized" a person highly skilled in music or another artistic pursuit; genius, expert, prodigy, master, skillful, accomplished, consummate, proficient, talented, gifted, adept, good, capable; "A celebrated clarinet virtuoso;" "The pianist is clearly a virtuoso" caustic, trenchant, biting, cutting, acerbic, sardonic, sarcastic, scathing, acid, sharp, keen; critical, bitter, virulent, vitriolic; (especially of humor) having or showing a sharp or critical quality; biting: "A mordant sense of humor"