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44 terms

History Test #10: Economic Growth After the War TERMS

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century of dishonor
was written by Helen Hunt Jackson which pointed out how poorly the Indians were treated.
reservations
Indians were placed on _, which were areas of land set aside specifically for them to live
drake's folly
is the nickname for when E. Drake searched for oil but no one believed he would discover any; however, it turned out to be a huge success
one big union theory
included higher wages and a shorter work day
haymarket riot
was an affair when a striker threw a bomb into a police line and seven police officers and several workers died in the chaos that followed
populous party
demanded that people have a greater voice in government and seek to advance the interests of farmers and laborers
strike
means to stop working as a collective form of protest against an employer, often to achieve a specific aim.
rockefeller
established the Standard Oil Company
carnegie
led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century
terence powerdly
was one of the leaders of the Knights of Labor
hh jackson
wrote the book A Century of Dishonor
edwin l drake
successfully used a steam engine to drill for oil near Titusville, PA
s gompers
formed the American Federation of Labor
oh kelley
started the Patrons of Husbandry, an organization for farmers that became popularly known as the Grange
uriah stevens
formed the American Federation of Labor
hayes
won the disputed election of 1876 against Tilden
pullman strike
was a strike when strikers turned violent and president Grover Cleveland had to send in federal troops
wabash case
was a Supreme Court decision that severely limited the rights of states to control interstate commerce
wabash case
led to the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission
closed shop
is a place of work where membership in a union is a condition for being hired and for continued employment
robber barons
Critics called industrialists _ _ because of tactic of industrialization
wormley comference
was a meeting to resolve the disputed U.S. presidential election of 1876 between S. Tilden and R. Hayes
cleveland
was a democratic president of the United States
eugene v debs
formed the first major industrial union - the American Railway Union
major chivington
led his troops to Sand Creek, where they killed over 150 inhabitants, mostly women and children
munn v illinois
was an 1877 case in which the Supreme Court upheld states' regulation of railroads for the benefit of farmers and consumers, thus establishing the right of government to regulate private industry to serve the public interest
molly maguires
were a secret Irish-American organization that consisted mainly of coal miners
john l lewis
was the leader of the United Mine Workers of America, who protested low wages and long workdays
monopoly
is a situation in which one company controls an industry or is the only provider of a product or service
capital
is money that can be used to produce future wealth
dawes act
was a law, enacted in 1887, that was intended to "Americanize" Native Americans by distributing reservation land to individual owners
injunctions
are acts of ordering somebody to do or not to do something
American Federation of Labor
was an alliance of trade and craft unions, formed in 1886
Congress of Industrial Organization
was a labor organization expelled from the American Federation of Labor in 1938
Knights of Labor
was formed by Uriah Stevens, which focused on individual workers
rebates
is money that is paid back
Interstate Commerce Act
was a law, enacted in 1887, that reestablished the federal government's right to supervise railroad activities and created a five-member Interstate Commerce Commission to do so
grange
the Patrons of Husbandry, are a social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century
standard oil company
formed by John D. Rockefeller
homestead strike
was an industrial strike ending in a battle between strikers and private security agents in 1892
sherman antitrust act
was a law, enacted in 1890, that was intended to prevent the creation of monopolies by making it illegal to establish trusts that interfered with free trade
pooling
was agreements between railroads to divided competitive businesses, sometimes by dividing traffic but usually by dividing income
titusville
was the location of the drilling of the first oil well
yellow dog contracts
is a contract between a worker and an employer in which the worker agrees not to remain in or join a union