Reasons Founding Fathers founded Electoral College
1. Shorten list of candidates
2. Didn't trust people to do it directly
3. Didn't want the President to owe his job to Congress
Natl Election Day
Tues after first Mon in November
vote for slate of Electors
Selection of Electors
state party convention
# of Electors per State
2 Senators plus # of people in the house
Minimum # of Electoral Votes per State
District of Columbia Electoral Votes
How # of Electors changes
10 year census and a change in the number of people in the House
2 Exceptions to winner takes all of Electoral Votes
Nebraska and Maine
When winning electors go to their respective state capitals to vote
Mon after 2nd wed in December
newly elected Congress meets to open and count ballots
if the President dies between voting time and January 6th, the VP becomes President
If no one gets 270 votes...
House picks President from top 3 candidates (each state gets one vote [50 votes, 26 majority], District of Columbia ruled out, if state delegation can't agree, loose vote for round, 2/3 quorum)
Senate chooses from top 2 candidates to elect VP (each Senator gets one vote [100 Senators, 51 Majority], 2/3 quorum)
# of people needed to be present to make decision official of the House
January 20 (No majority...)
neither House nor Senate can agree until natl election day, Speaker of the House becomes Pres
Speaker of the House
only Pres until House and Senate make decision
further clarifies Electoral College by separating voting for Pres and voting for VP by the Electors
Jefferson vs. Aaron Burr
tie, 36 rounds in House, 12th Amendment
Weaknesses of Electoral College
1. Can win popular vote and still lose President
2. No majority of EC voters, election goes to House/Senate, where the Pres owes his job to Congress (against Founding Fathers)
3. Electors don't have to vote for who they're pledged to
Jackson vs. Quincy Adams
Jackson lost but had popular vote
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