Respiratory System: Clinical Terms

Chapter 19 made 2012
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Anoxia
ABSENCE of oxygen within tissues
Asphyxia
lack of O2 & excess CO2 in blood and tissues
Atelectasis
collapse of lung or a portion of it
Bradypnea
abnormally slow breathing
Bronchitis
inflammation of bronchial lining
Cheyne-Strokes respiration
respriatory rate and depth are irregular, by alternating periods of apnea and hyperventilation
Dyspnea
difficulty in breathing
Eupnea
normal breathing
Hemothorax
blood in pleural cavity (between visceral and parietal pleura)
Hypercapnea
excess CO2 in blood
Hyperoxia
excess in oxygenation in blood
Hypernea
increase of depth in rate of breathing
Hyperventilation
rapid, deep, prolonged breathing
Hypoxemia
lack of oxygenation in blood
Hypoxia
diminished, deficient availability of O2 in the tissues
Lobar Pneumonia
pneumonia that affects entire lobe of lung
Pleurisy
inflammation of pleural membranes
Pneumothorax
abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall
Rhinitis
inflammation of nasal cavity lining
Sinuitis
inflammation of sinus cavity lining
Tachypnea
Rapid, shallow breathing
Tracheotomy
incision, creating an opening in the trachea
capnos
smoke
anoxemia
without O2 in the blood
hyperoxemia
high O2 in the blood -> lowers pH