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Ch.3 (Migration)

Terms in this set (55)

-Religious & political freedom
-Stable government
-Slavery- people shipped from sub-Saharan Africa to North America & Latin America (during 18th & 19th century)
-Religious, ethnic, or political persecution
-unstable government
Political factors can be especially compelling push factors, forcing people to migrate from a country.
---United Nations High Commission for Refugees recognizes three groups of forced political migrants.
>A refugee has been forced to migrate to avoid a potential threat to his or her life, and he or she cannot return for fear of persecution.
>An internally displaced person (IDP) is similar to a refugee, but he or she has not migrated across an international border.
>An asylum seeker is someone who has migrated to another country in hope of being recognized as a refugee.

Environmental: migration from hazardous environments or pull migrants to attractive regions.
EX. Colorado, Alps (in France)
EX. Coast of Florida, France, & Southern England for swimming and relaxing on the beach (esp, retirees)
>Warm Climates
EX. Elderly ppl to Florida, migrants to Southern Spain & southwest US to escape harsher climates
>>Water: most common environmental threat
>Flood (flood plain- land area subject to flooding during specific number of years)(near River)
Ex. Hundreds of thousands have been forced to move from the Sahel region of northern Africa because of drought conditions.

PUSH FACTOR: migrate away from places with few jobs
PULL FACTOR: migrate to places where jobs seem to be available
--U.S. and Canada have been prominent destinations for economic migrants.
>Historically individuals migrated from Europe.
>More recently Latin America and Asia are primary senders.
*Relative attractiveness of a region can shift with economic change. Migration rates have decreased since the onset of the 2008 recession in the U.S.*

**Note: Ravenstein's laws help geographers make generalizations about where and how far people move.
Most people migrate for economic reasons.
Political and environmental also induce migration but less often.**