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Terms in this set (55)

Political:
PULL FACTORS:
-Religious & political freedom
-Stable government
PUSH FACTORS:
-Slavery- people shipped from sub-Saharan Africa to North America & Latin America (during 18th & 19th century)
-Religious, ethnic, or political persecution
-war
-unstable government
Political factors can be especially compelling push factors, forcing people to migrate from a country.
---United Nations High Commission for Refugees recognizes three groups of forced political migrants.
>A refugee has been forced to migrate to avoid a potential threat to his or her life, and he or she cannot return for fear of persecution.
>An internally displaced person (IDP) is similar to a refugee, but he or she has not migrated across an international border.
>An asylum seeker is someone who has migrated to another country in hope of being recognized as a refugee.


Environmental: migration from hazardous environments or pull migrants to attractive regions.
PULL FACTORS:
>Mountains
EX. Colorado, Alps (in France)
>Seasides
EX. Coast of Florida, France, & Southern England for swimming and relaxing on the beach (esp, retirees)
>Warm Climates
EX. Elderly ppl to Florida, migrants to Southern Spain & southwest US to escape harsher climates
PUSH FACTORS:
>>Water: most common environmental threat
>Flood (flood plain- land area subject to flooding during specific number of years)(near River)
>Drought
Ex. Hundreds of thousands have been forced to move from the Sahel region of northern Africa because of drought conditions.



Economic:
PUSH FACTOR: migrate away from places with few jobs
PULL FACTOR: migrate to places where jobs seem to be available
--U.S. and Canada have been prominent destinations for economic migrants.
>Historically individuals migrated from Europe.
>More recently Latin America and Asia are primary senders.
*Relative attractiveness of a region can shift with economic change. Migration rates have decreased since the onset of the 2008 recession in the U.S.*


**Note: Ravenstein's laws help geographers make generalizations about where and how far people move.
Most people migrate for economic reasons.
Political and environmental also induce migration but less often.**