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Politics of the United States
Executive Branch Keating period. 5
Terms in this set (38)
Where is the Executive Branch found in the Constitution?
The Executive Branch is found in Article II of the Constitution.
Define the President's executive powers of pardon, reprieve, and amnesty.
Pardon: the exemption of a convicted person from the penalties of a crime or offense.
Reprieve: the postponement or setting aside of punishment.
Amnesty: A group of people who given an exemption of penalties.
What are the qualifications to be president? Vice President?
35 years old or older
Native Born Citizen
Living in U.S for at least 14 years.
How is it determined how many electors each state gets?
It is determined by the number of representatives and senators each state has.
What limits Presidential terms? How many is the limit?
22nd Amendment sets the limit to 2 terms.
How many electoral votes do you need to win the office of President?
To win office for President you need at least 270 electoral votes or more.
What is the real number of maximum years that you can be President?
10 year limit (8 years President and 2 years Vice President)
What is the total number of electors in the country?
538 (3 non-voting members)
What are the two Constitutional duties of the Vice President?
To preside over senate.
To help decide the question of presidential disability.
What is the current Presidential salary? Who was the first to earn that much?
George W. Bush was the first to earn this salary.
Who picks the President if no candidate receives the majority of electoral votes?
House of Representatives
What does the 25th amendment state about the Vice President if the Pres. dies or resigns?
The Vice President shall become President.
What else is covered in the 25th amendment?
If there is a vacancy in Vice President, the President may nominate a Vice President who is confirmed by the two houses of Congress.
Who can the President remove from office? Who can't he remove?
He can remove any of his Cabinet members. He can't remove a judge in the supreme court.
What is the main function of the executive branch?
To enforce laws
Who are top four people in line for the presidency if he dies?
Speaker of the House
President Pro Tem of Senate
Secretary of State
What are the main differences between an executive agreement and a treaty?
A treaty asks for the consent of United States Senate while the executive agreement does not.
What are the executive orders and how powerful are they?
The President has the right to make an order that has the impact of a law. It can be used during an emergency.
Outline the steps in the election of President- from nomination to inauguration?
November- Citizens cast their vote (1st Tues. after 1st mon.)
December- Electoral College vote
January- Electoral votes are opened and counted
January 20- Inauguration
Commander in Chief
Calling out National Guard to stop a riot.
Chief of State
Hosts dinners at the White House for foreign officials.
Signing or vetoing a bill passed by Congress.
Chief of Party
Fundraise for the party and helps form party platform
Promotes National Healthcare.
Authorize needed actions to prevent or end a national emergency.
Formalize agreements of foreign aid and other international activities.
Supervises White House staff.
Who heads up the White House office?
How was the President's cabinet created?
Brought to by the President to serve his needs.
How do the cabinet heads receive their positions?
By becoming a secretary.
What are the President's judicial powers?
The President appoints federal judges.
Which judicial power did President Ford use to help Richard Nixon?
President Ford pardons Richard Nixon because of the "Watergate Scandal."
What is the title used for most cabinet head positions?
Secretaries are cabinets head positions.
Which cabinet head position is different?
The Dept. of Justice's position title is an attorney general.
What are the President's legislative powers?
Calling special sessions, State of Union Address, and vetoing/ passing bills.
When are the President and Vice President inaugurated?
January 20th (every 4 years)
How many electoral votes in 2016 will Illinois have?
What are the key elements of the War Powers Act?
It passed over President Nixon's veto and restricted his powers considerably.
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
United States Government: Our Democracy
Magruder's American Government (Florida Student Edition)
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