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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Discrimination
  2. Reinforcer
  3. Negative punishment
  4. Cognitive map
  5. Successive approximation
  1. a a mental representation of the layout of one's environment
  2. b the method involves the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations to the final performance; B.F Skinner
  3. c any event that strengthens the the behavior that follows; B.F Skinner
  4. d occurs when an organism learns that certain response, but not others, will be reinforced
  5. e withdraw a desirable stimulus such as time-out from privilages or revoked drivers license

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. reinforce the first response after a fixed time period that produce rapid response near time of reinforcement; checking more frequently to see if a cake has finished rising
  2. reinforceing the desired response everytime it occurs in which learning occurs rapidly until mastery, although extinction occurs rapidly as well
  3. provide reinforcers after an unpredictable number of responses; gambling; like fixed-ratio schedules, reinforcers increase as the number of responses increases
  4. strengthens a response by presenting a typically pleasurable stimulus after a response, such as food, money or tickets
  5. reinforce the first response after a varying time period that produces slow, steady responding

5 True/False questions

  1. Negative reinforcementstrengthens a response by presenting a typically pleasurable stimulus after a response, such as food, money or tickets

          

  2. Fixed-ratio schedulesreinforce behavior after a set number of responses, such as a free dish of ice cream after every 25 purchases

          

  3. Operant chamberoperant conditioning research chamber that contains a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer; have helped understand what conditions efficient and lasting learning; B.F Skinner

          

  4. Primary reinforcersany event that strengthens the the behavior that follows; B.F Skinner

          

  5. Operant traininga type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished by punishment