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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Operant conditioning
  2. Successive approximation
  3. Law of effect
  4. Positive reinforcement
  5. Generalization
  1. a the method involves the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations to the final performance; B.F Skinner
  2. b Thorndike's principle that behaviors followed by favorable consequences become more likely
  3. c occurs when an organism's response to similar stimuli is also reinforced
  4. d a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished by punishment
  5. e strengthens a response by presenting a typically pleasurable stimulus after a response, such as food, money or tickets

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. reinforce the first response after a varying time period that produces slow, steady responding
  2. behaviors that operate on the environment to produce rewarding or punishing stimuli
  3. stimuli, such as food or warmth, that have reinforcement value without learning
  4. reinforceing the desired response everytime it occurs in which learning occurs rapidly until mastery, although extinction occurs rapidly as well
  5. reinforce behavior after a set number of responses, such as a free dish of ice cream after every 25 purchases

5 True/False questions

  1. B.F Skinnermodern behaviorism's most influential figure that elaborated on the law of effect deemed by Edward L Thorndike; pioneer of operant conditioning who believed that everything we do is determined by our past history of rewards and punishments


  2. Operant trainingoperant conditioning research chamber that contains a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer; have helped understand what conditions efficient and lasting learning; B.F Skinner


  3. Punishmenta procedure in which reinforcers, such as food, are to guide the organism into the desired behavior; B.F Skinner


  4. Shapingdecreases the frequency of a preceding behavior


  5. Reinforcerany event that strengthens the the behavior that follows; B.F Skinner