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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Operant chamber
  2. Partial/Intermittent reinforcement
  3. Generalization
  4. Conditioned reinforcers
  5. Positive reinforcement
  1. a operant conditioning research chamber that contains a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer; have helped understand what conditions efficient and lasting learning; B.F Skinner
  2. b occurs when an organism's response to similar stimuli is also reinforced
  3. c responses are sometimes; learning is slower and random, but extinction is less likely compared to continious reinforcement, such as gambling, sales pitching or fishing
  4. d strengthens a response by presenting a typically pleasurable stimulus after a response, such as food, money or tickets
  5. e reinforcers that are strengthened through learned associations of primary reinforcers; the light in B.F Skinners operant chamber or receiving food after completing a conditioned task

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a mental representation of the layout of one's environment
  2. occurs when an organism learns that certain response, but not others, will be reinforced
  3. decreases the frequency of a preceding behavior
  4. the method involves the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations to the final performance; B.F Skinner
  5. reinforce the first response after a varying time period that produces slow, steady responding

5 True/False questions

  1. Shapingdecreases the frequency of a preceding behavior


  2. Reinforcermodern behaviorism's most influential figure that elaborated on the law of effect deemed by Edward L Thorndike; pioneer of operant conditioning who believed that everything we do is determined by our past history of rewards and punishments


  3. Variable-ratio schedulesreinforce the first response after a varying time period that produces slow, steady responding


  4. Positive punishmentadministers an aversive stimulus such as receiving a parking ticket


  5. Operant conditioningworks best when it builds on an animal's natural behavior tendencies


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