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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Latent learning
  2. Positive reinforcement
  3. Operant conditioning
  4. Reinforcer
  5. Positive punishment
  1. a strengthens a response by presenting a typically pleasurable stimulus after a response, such as food, money or tickets
  2. b any event that strengthens the the behavior that follows; B.F Skinner
  3. c a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished by punishment
  4. d learning that become apperent only when there is some incentive to demonstrate it
  5. e administers an aversive stimulus such as receiving a parking ticket

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. classical conditioning; actions that are automatic responses to a stimulus; salivating in response to meat powder and later to a tone
  2. reinforcers that are strengthened through learned associations of primary reinforcers; the light in B.F Skinners operant chamber or receiving food after completing a conditioned task
  3. works best when it builds on an animal's natural behavior tendencies
  4. reinforce behavior after a set number of responses, such as a free dish of ice cream after every 25 purchases
  5. operant conditioning research chamber that contains a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain a food or water reinforcer; have helped understand what conditions efficient and lasting learning; B.F Skinner

5 True/False questions

  1. Variable-ratio schedulesprovide reinforcers after an unpredictable number of responses; gambling; like fixed-ratio schedules, reinforcers increase as the number of responses increases


  2. Successive approximationthe method involves the reinforcement of closer and closer approximations to the final performance; B.F Skinner


  3. Generalizationoccurs when an organism's response to similar stimuli is also reinforced


  4. Punishmenta procedure in which reinforcers, such as food, are to guide the organism into the desired behavior; B.F Skinner


  5. Negative reinforcementstrengthens a response by reducing or removing something undesirable or unpleasant; is not punishment, but removes an aversive event