Create an account
Three Box (Information Processing) Model
Proposes the three stages that information passes through before it is stored. Sensory, Short Term, Long Term.
Split-second holding tank for incoming sensory information. Information is lost because it is not encoded.
Working memory. Memories you are currently working with and are aware of in consciousness. Activated memory that holds a few items briefly, before information is stored or forgotten. Events encoded as visual codes, acoustic codes, or semantic codes (sense of meaning of event). Usually fade within 10-30 seconds. Limited to 7 items.
We encode what we are attending to or what is more important to us. Determines which sensory messages get encoded.
Eidetic (Photographic) Memory
the ability to remember with great accuracy visual information on the basis of short-term exposure
Levels of Processing Model
Explains why we remember what we do by examining how deeply the memory was processed of thought about
Deeply (Elaboratively) Processed
Spending much time studying the context or info. More likely to remember the info for a long period of time
Shallowly (Maintenance) Processed
Ex. reciting a fact several times before a test quickly. Easily forgettable.
Semantic Network Theory
Our brain might form new memories by connecting their meaning and context with meanings already in memory
Greater likelihood of recalling an item when our mood matched the mood we were in when the event happened
Phenomenon of recalling events encoded while in particular states of consciousness.
Constructed (reconstructed) memory
Can report false details of a real event or might even be a recollection of an event that never occurred
it will take less time to relearn material we previously encoded, even if we have "forgotten" what we learned previously
Older information learned previously interferes with the recall of information learned more recently
Neurons strengthen connections between each other. Through repeated firings, neuron becomes more sensitive to the messages from the sending neurons. Might be related to connections we make in our long term memory
natural unconscious process of language development in humans that occurs without instruction, but needs exposure
Similar to schemata. Cognitive rules applied to stimuli from our environment that allow us to categorize and think about the objects, people, and ideas we encounter.
Judging a situation based on how similar the aspects are to prototypes the person holds in his or her hand
Tend to look for evidence that confirms our beliefs and ignore evidence that contradicts what we think is true
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together