Create an account
What clues did bacterial transformation yield about the gene?
The nucleic acid DNA stores and transmits genetic information from one generation of bacteria to the next.
(genetics) modification of a cell or bacterium by the uptake and incorporation of exogenous DNA
What role did bacterial viruses play in identifying genetic material?
DNA is the genetic material of all living things
What is the role of DNA in heredity?
The DNA that makes up genes must be capable of storing, copying, and transmitting the genetic information in a cell.
What are the chemical components of DNA?
DNA is a nucleic acid made up of nucleotides joined into long strands or chains by covalent bonds
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
What role does DNA polymerase play in copying DNA?
DNA polymerase is an enzyme that joins individual nucleotides to produce a new strand of DNA
How does DNA replication differ in prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells?
Replication in prokaryotic cells starts a single point and proceeds in two directions until all of the chromosome is copied. In eukaryotic cells, replication begins at a larger, varied amount of places on the DNA molecule, proceeding in both directions until each chromosome is all copied.
The molecule that transfers each amino acid to the ribosome as it is specified by the coded messages of mRNA
the ordering of nucleotides in DNA molecules that carries the genetic information in living cells
Types of mutations that result from insertion or deletion of a single nucleotide into the normal DNA sequence.
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together