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Two amino acids are joined together by a peptide bond to form a dipeptide. What is the by-product of this process?
A protein's _____ structure refers to the twisting, spiral shape formed by the sequence and chemical properties of its amino acids
Which of the following ingredients would alert you to the likely presence of trans fatty acids in a product?
partially hydrogenated vegetable oil
The process of combining two incomplete proteins to make a complete protein is called
Robin's dinner contains 750 kcals. How many kilocalories will Robin expend in order to process this meal?
The FIT principle is _______________
the principle that a good physical fitness program should be based on frequency, intensity, and time
What is the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for carbohydrates for an adult 19 years of age or older?
The amount of energy expended by the body in digesting, absorbing, transporting, metabolizing, and storing nutrients is called
the thermic effect of food
A fatty acid that contains a chain of 10 carbons and 1 double bond is termed a fatty acid
monoUNsaturated, medium chain
Why can't insulin be taken orally?
Insulin is a protein and would be broken down by the human digestive tract if taken orally
The label of ready-to-eat cereal box indicates that 1 cup contains 32 grams of carbohydrate, 4 grams of protein, and 2 grams of fat. How many kcals are there in two cups of this cereal?
By detecting and responding to the body's physiological signals, the ___ is the part of the body in control of hunger regulation
Which of the following types of fat is required to be listed on the Nutrition Facts Panel by the US Food and Drug Administration
trans fatty acid
On average, an individual's BMR decreases approximately 3-5% per decade after they reach ____ years of age
Why does the body reduce nonvital body functions in untreated anorexia nervosa
the body needs to conserve energy
Fat leaves the chylomircron and moves into adipose cells when ______ comes into contact with it, which causes the triglyceride to break up and be taked into the adipose cell
Why are B vitamins especially important to an athlete?
The B vitamins are directly involved in energy metabolism
Research studies have shown that the risk for developing type-2 diabetes and hypertensions begins to increase at a BMI greater than ____
After completing an exercise session, adequate hydration in an athlete is best determined by
urine that is light yellow in color
_________________ is NOT a common life-long problem following surgery for morbid obesity
increased resistance to infection
Body Mass index is best described as
a ration of an individual's body weight to their height squared
To achieve moderate intensity physical activity, the CDC recommends a target heart rate between 50 to ____ percent of an individual's maximal heart rate
___________________________ does NOT describe a characteristic associated with muscle dysmorphia
purging by the use of laxative and/or vomiting at least two times a day
Because type 1 diabetes individuals do not produce any insulin, _______________
treatment always involves insulin therapy
The top of the Physical Activity Pyramid emphasizes activities that
we should do less of, such as watching TV
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