Chapter 5 - Urban Sprawl in North America: Where will it end?
Terms in this set (25)
a major population center made up of a large city and the smaller suburbs and towns that surround it
the small towns, farms, and open spaces that lie just beyond a city's suburbs
a developed area at the edge of a city that is mainly homes. Many suburbs also have stores and businesses.
the older part of a big city. Often the urban core serves as the downtown or central business district of a city.
the ring of small towns and suburbs that surround a big city
he rapid, often poorly planned spread of development from an urban area outward into rural area
I can describe concerns of Portland's population growth of the '60's and '70's.
They feared that urban sprawl would soon gobble up the farms and forests of the Willamette Valley.
I can describe concerns of Toronto's population growth of the '80's and '90's.
Toronto kept growing in the 1980s and 1990s. Instead of building up, though, it began to spread out. Urban sprawl took over farmland, forests, and wetlands. Traffic clogged suburban highways, increasing air pollution. Traffic and air quality both got worse as the years went by.
I can describe concerns of Atlanta's population growth of the '90's.
All those vehicles traveling along Atlanta's roads also led to air pollution. The air became so polluted that it caused asthma attacks and made people suffering from other respiratory ailments much worse.
I can read and interpret the Population Distribution in the United States and Canada map in the Geographic Setting section of the chapter.
Cities started as small urban core then people started moving out creating the Urban Fringe and the Rural Fringe
I can analyze Portland's Smart Growth Plan.
Oregon's land use planning laws have worked well. Today Portland is a compact city with controlled growth. Its downtown area is friendly to pedestrians and has hundreds of beautiful parks and open spaces. Portland also has a well-planned public transit system. As a result, its buses and streetcars make it easy to get around without a car.
I can analyze Toronto's Official Plan.
Town hall meetings were held around Toronto to give people an opportunity to express their thoughts. An invitation in French, Polish, Chinese, Portuguese, and English was published for people's suggestions and ideas. The council also received advice from land use experts from Toronto and elsewhere in the province. The result was a plan that allows some growth in some places.
I can analyze the goals of the Georgia Regional Transportation Authority as related to Atlanta.
The Georgia Regional Transportation Authority was built to limit the amount of cars on the road so that there isn't too much air pollution. Trails were also build so more people would walk or ride to work. Urban growth was limited so less people would be farther away from work which caused less traffic jams which caused less air pollution
I can read and interpret the Stages of Urban Growth diagram in the Geographic Setting section of the chapter.
People in the urban core decide to move out to the urban fringe which makes it crowded. The people in the urban fringe decide to move to the rural fringe taking up the space for the farms. This cycle continues and makes it harder for everyone, the traffic jams into the urban core, how far away the farms are from where they sell their crops, and the land that is being taken up by spreading out.
I can read and interpret the pie and bar graphs in section 11, Global Connections.
The total amount of rural and urban areas. This states how much of the land is used for rural and urban areas
I can formulate and defend ideas on the best way to handle urban expansion.
Create boundaries so people do not build too far fro the urban core. Instead of building out, build up or use already built building for what you need
1st section intro
people are moving out cities of and living in suburbs
2nd section The Geographic Setting
What/how urban growth effects the environment.
Tells what the urban core, urban fringe, and the rural fringe are.
3rd section The Case for and Against Urban Growth
Why urban growth can help, but the damages urban growth causes.
4th section The Case for and Against Urban Growth
In Portland, Oregon, urban growth is causing problems and Portland has many ideas on how to fix it.
5th section Portland Plans for Smart Growth
Portland's plan on how to clean up the urban growth plan.
6th section Toronto, Ontario, 1999
Toronto, Ontario is also having trouble with urban sprawl and has many different ideas on how to fix it
7th section Toronto Plans for 30 Years of Growth
Toronto's plans limits growth in neighborhoods, and to fix up the urban core.
8th section Atlanta, Georgia, 1998
Atlanta is growing and creating more air pollution, and they need to fix this problem.
9th section Atlanta Fights Pollution with Public Transit
Atlanta creates the Georgia Regional Transportation Authority which is like a subway and Atlanta creates more walking trails.
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