Prentice Hall Biology Mrs. Polley Chapter 11

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The scientific study of heredity.


The male and female reproductive cells join together.

3.True- Breeding-

Produce off spring identical with themselves.


A specific characteristic.


Crosses between parents with different traits.


Factors are passed from one generation to the next.


Produces tall or short genes.


The separation of genes.


specialized cell involved in sexual reproduction.

10. Probability-

The likelihood that a particular event will occur.

11. Punnett Square-

The gene combinations that result from genetic cross.

12. Homozygous-

Same alleles.


Different alleles.

14. Phenotype-

Physical characteristics.


No same genetic makeup.

16.Independent Assortment-

Separated independently.

17. Incomplete Dominance

Not completely dominant.

18. Codominance-

They share an equal amount of dominance.

19. Multiple alleles-

more than two alleles.

20. Polygenetic Traits-

Having many genes.


Four chromosomes have the same parent.


Two sets.


One set.


The process of reproductive cells when the number of chromosomes is cut in half.


Chromosomes corresponds with each homologous chromosome.

26. Crossing- Over-

They exchange portions of their chromatids.

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