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20 terms

Studio Art: Drawing

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Gesture Drawing
A loose, spontaneous drawing of the dominant physical and expressive feeling of an object or space.
Contour Drawing
Drawing the essential lines of an object or figure without any shading or value.
Continuous-Line Contour Drawing
Drawing an object or figure without lifting up the pen or other materials used to draw.
Blind Contour Drawing
Drawing an object or figure without looking at the drawing.
Exterior Contour Drawing
Drawing the line outside an object or figure.
Blocking-In
Mapping out the various shapes and visual information needed to complete a drawing.
Positive Shapes
A term for what is being drawn, the pictorial forms in the real world.
Negative Shapes
The counterpart of or space around what is being drawn, framed space in the real world.
Rendering
A drawing which depicts the subject matter with great representational detail using a full range of values.
Sighting
A method used to develop a sense of proportion through measurement. Working general to specific.
Relative Proportion
Using a single unit or part of the subject matter to measure other parts.
Foreshortening
Apparent distortion of shape or form when its longest dimension is positioned at an angle to the picture plane.
Gestalt
Perspective of the whole, the idea that natural systems should be viewed as wholes, not as collections of parts.
Objective Drawing
A term for drawings that are: Rational, Classic, Universal, Geometric, Structured, Systematic.
Subjective Drawing
A term for drawings that are: Emotional, Romantic, Specific, Biomorphic, Organic, Haphazard.
Composition
The organization or arrangement of the basic art elements in a given work.
Figure/ground relationship
The interaction between positive elements and the negative areas in a composition.
Biomorphic
Things resembling or suggesting the forms of living organisms (as opposed to actual living organisms).
Thumbnails
Very small quick preliminary sketches used to work out ideas for subject matter, content, composition (aka. pochade)
Croquis
A quick and sketchy drawing of a live model usually made in a few minutes, after which the model changes pose and another is drawn.