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31 terms

US History II Imperialism

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Why did the US become a world power in the 1900's
imperial fever
imperial fever
-getting new land, gaining new influences
-to dominate the trade & gov. of other lands
manifest destiny
our god given right to conquered the continent
US has reached sea to sea
imperialists/expansionists
want US to expand
- missionaries
- nationalism - sense of pride
-need to keep up with Europe
-need markets for industrial goods
-ethnocentrism\racism - morally right, democratize &
Christianize the world, "civilize"
-social darwinism - "survival of the fittest"
Isolationists/Anti-Imperialists/anti-expansioinists
-against ideals of democracy, self-determination
-question the idea of leading to rebellion of conquered lands
-cost of building & maintaining empires - very expensive for USA
-ethocentrism'racism- it would "ruin" the white society by taking over other countries and bringing in other races
Seward's Folly
-alaska's nickname
-purchased in 1867
-land was valued at less than 2cents\acre
-now it is a gold mine, rich in fish & animals, oil
Monroe Doctrine
we won't allow people from Europe to come to N. and S.
America
Navy
Alfred T. Mahan - naval officer; he said if we are going to be powerful, we need to invest in navy; need sea power
Queen Liliuokalani
Hawaiian leader wanted to keep Hawaii in hands of Hawaiians
Spanish American War
Cuba revolting against Spain. US attacks when US Maine exploded, US wins
Mad Dog Weyler
General Valeriano Weyler sent to cuba & imprisoned cuban rebels
Wiliam Hearst & Joseph Pulitzer
yellow journelists US reporters that encouraged disruption between Spain and Cuba which got US involved to help Cuba
President McKinley
declared war on Spain in Cuba when US Maine exploded, assassinated after election of 1900
Teller Amendment
declared that US leave control of Cuba to its people
Ted Roosevelt
youngest president , passionate, hight energy, assertive,
"speak softly and carry a big stick", powerful military,
Big Stick Diplomacy
Emilio Aguinaldo
Helped US fight for Philipines iindependence
Splendid Little War
Ted Roosevelt set US army to Cuba and won
US annexed philipines
Pro-annexation
economic & strategic value
patriotism
Christianize
Anti-annexation
against principles of Declaration of Independence
Too far away
Burden
Aguinaldo
Filiipino that rebelled US power in Philipines
Philipines gained independence 1946
protectorate
nation controlled by a stronger nation
Platt Ammendment
lasted 33 years, Cuba was not allowed to sign its own treaties, allowed US to lease naval bases, US could intervene in Cuban 'Independence"
Panama Canal
US paid $10,000 for canal plus $250,000 per year after panama revolted against Colombia
Monroe Doctrine
kept Europe out of US
Dollar diplomacy
changed how we control power in Latin America as to how to spend money
spheres of influence
area where another nation controlled development
Open Door Policy
US didn't want territoryo, but wanted trade. Leave China open to all foreign trade, supported by John Hay, Sec. of State
Boxer Rebellion
group of chinese that revolted against foreign control
Russo-Japanese War
fighting over territory in Asia
Treaty of Portsmouth
TR Agreed to broker the peace to protect US interests and open door policy. Compromise between Russia & Japan
Great White Fleet
TR feared he had been too soft on Japan. Sent out Great White Fleet (navy), ready for Feast, Frolic or fight, Japan welcomed the fleet