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-getting new land, gaining new influences
-to dominate the trade & gov. of other lands
want US to expand
- nationalism - sense of pride
-need to keep up with Europe
-need markets for industrial goods
-ethnocentrism\racism - morally right, democratize &
Christianize the world, "civilize"
-social darwinism - "survival of the fittest"
-against ideals of democracy, self-determination
-question the idea of leading to rebellion of conquered lands
-cost of building & maintaining empires - very expensive for USA
-ethocentrism'racism- it would "ruin" the white society by taking over other countries and bringing in other races
-purchased in 1867
-land was valued at less than 2cents\acre
-now it is a gold mine, rich in fish & animals, oil
Alfred T. Mahan - naval officer; he said if we are going to be powerful, we need to invest in navy; need sea power
Wiliam Hearst & Joseph Pulitzer
yellow journelists US reporters that encouraged disruption between Spain and Cuba which got US involved to help Cuba
declared war on Spain in Cuba when US Maine exploded, assassinated after election of 1900
youngest president , passionate, hight energy, assertive,
"speak softly and carry a big stick", powerful military,
Big Stick Diplomacy
lasted 33 years, Cuba was not allowed to sign its own treaties, allowed US to lease naval bases, US could intervene in Cuban 'Independence"
US paid $10,000 for canal plus $250,000 per year after panama revolted against Colombia
Open Door Policy
US didn't want territoryo, but wanted trade. Leave China open to all foreign trade, supported by John Hay, Sec. of State
Treaty of Portsmouth
TR Agreed to broker the peace to protect US interests and open door policy. Compromise between Russia & Japan
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