Natural Resources

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Terms in this set (...)

Natural resource
materials or substances such as minerals, forests, water, and fertile land that occur in nature and can be used for economic gain
Renewable resources
a resource that can be renewed, solar, wind
Nonrenewable resources
a resource that cannot be replaced
Petroleum
liquid fossil fuel; another name for oil
Fossil fuel
Coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient remains of plants and animals.
Hydroelectric power
Electricity generated by flowing water
Nuclear energy
Energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
coal
a combustible black or dark brown rock consisting mainly of carbonized plant matter, found mainly in underground deposits and widely used as fuel.
oil
a viscous liquid derived from petroleum, especially for use as a fuel or lubricant.
Natural energy
naturally replenished on a human timescale
reserve
refrain from using or disposing of (something); retain for future use.
reservoir
a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply.
Mineral resources
A concentration of minerals in Earth's crust that can be extracted and processed relatively easily and affordably; includes both identified and unidentified resources
Ore
a rock that contains a large enough concentration of a mineral making it profitable to mine
recycling
Convert waste into reusable material.
Land Reclamation
the process of restoring land to a more natural state
Renewable
A natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at which the resource is consumed
Inexhaustible
unlimited; unable to be used up or tired out
Carbon footprint
measure of the impact human activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of greenhouse gases produced, measured in units of carbon dioxide
Passive solar heating
uses the sun's energy to heat something directly
Active solar heating
the gathering of solar energy by collectors that are used to heat water or heat a building
Photovoltaic array
An energy system that collects and stores heat energy from the sun is a
Biofuels
Fuels, such as ethanol or methanol, that are created from the fermentation of plants or plant products.
Ethanol
the type of alcohol in alcoholic beverages
Wind turbine
a machine that converts the kinetic energy in wind into mechanical energy.
Wind farm
a group of wind turbines that produce electricity using wind
Tides
The daily rise and fall of Earth's waters on shores
Nuclear Fusion
2 isotopes of light elements (H) forced together at high temperatures till they fuse to form a heavier nucleus. Expensive, break even point not reached yet
Geothermal energy
Energy from steam or hot water produced from hot or molten underground rocks.
Fuel cell
A device that converts hydrogen or another fuel into electricity
Alternative energy
energy derived from sources that do not use up natural resources or harm the environment

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