15 terms

rhetorical terms 3&4

STUDY
PLAY
concrete language
language that deals with specific and physical objects
ellipses
omission of a word or short phrase easily understood in context
enthymeme
the informal method of reasoning typical of rhetorical discourse; sometimes defined as "truncated syllogism" since either the major or minor premise found in that more formal method of reasoning is left implied; typically occurs as a conclusion coupled with a reason; several are sorites
euphemism
substitution of an agreeable or at least non-offensive expression for one whose plainer meaning might be harsh or unpleasant
hyperbole
exaggeration for emphasis or rhetorical effect
hysteron proteron
inversion of the natural sequence of events, often meant to stress the event, which, though later in time, is considered the more important
irony
expression of something which is contrary to the intended meaning; the words say one thing but mean another
litotes
understatement, for intensification, by denying the contrary of the thing being affirmed
meiosis
reference to something with a name disproportionally lesser than its nature
metaphor
implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words; the word is used not in its literal sense, but in one analogous to it
metonymy
reference to someone or something by naming one of its attributes
onomatopoeia
use of words to imitate natural sounds; accommodation of sound to sense
oxymoron
apparent paradox achieved by the juxtaposition of words which seem to contradict one another
paradox
an apparently contradictory statement that contains a measure of the truth
paraprosdokian
surprise or unexpected ending of a phrase or series