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200 terms

Verbos que exigen preposiciones

una lista de verbos en español que exigen el uso de ciertas preposiciones antes o después de sustantivos y verbos. N significa substantivo. V significa verbo.
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acertar a
to manage to, succeed in (doing sth.)
acostumbrarse a
to become used to (s.o., sth., doing sth.)
adaptarse a
to adapt oneself to (sth., a situation, doing sth.)
adelantarse a
to step forward to (s.o., sth., doing sth.)
animar a
to encourage to (do sth.)
animarse a
to decide, make up one's mind to (do sth.)
aprender a
to learn to (do sth.)
apresurarse a
to hasten to, hurry to (somewhere, do sth.)
arriesgarse a
to risk (doing sth.)
asistir a
to attend (sth. a function)
asomar a
to appear at, look out from (sth.)
aspirar a
to aspire to (be sth.,s.o., do sth.)
aventurarse a
to dare to (do sth.)
ayudar a
to help to (do sth.), to aid in (doing sth.)
burlar a
to deceive, play a trick on (s.o.)
comenzar a
to begin to (do sth.)
comprometerse a
to make a commitment to (do sth.)
condenar a
to condemn to (do sth.)
consagrarse a
to devote oneself to (s.o., sth.)
contribuir a
to contribute to (sth., doing sth.)
convidar a
to invite to (a function, do sth.)
correr a
to run to (somewhere, do sth.)
cuidar a
to car for, take care of (a person)
dar a
to face (sth.)
dar cuerda a
to wind (a watch)
decidirse a
to decide to (do sth.)
dirigirse a
to go to (a place); to address (s.o.); to direct oneself to (doing sth.)
disponerse a
to prepare to, be disposed to (do sth.)
empezar a
to begin to (do sth.)
enseñar a
to teach to (do sth.)
forzar a
to force to (do sth.)
impulsar a
to impel to (do sth.)
incitar a
to incite to (do sth.)
inducir a
to induce to (do sth.)
inspirar a
to inspire to (do sth.)
instar a
to urge to (do sth.)
invitar a
to invite to (a function, sth., do sth.)
ir a
to go to (a place); to be going to (do sth.)
limitarse a
to limit oneself to (do sth.)
llegar a
to arrive a (a place); to be going to (do sth.)
meterse a
to take up (doing sth.)
montar a
to ride (sth.--a horse)
negarse a
to refuse to (do sth.)
obligar a
to oblige to (do sth.)
ofrecerse a
to offer to, promise to, volunteer to (do sth.)
oler a
to smell like (sth.)
oponerse a
to oppose, be in opposition to (sth., doing sth.)
pararse a
to stop (to do sth.)
parecerse a
to resemble (s.o., sth.) physically
pasar a
to pass to, proceed to (sth., doing sth.)
persuadir a
to persuade to (do sth.)
ponerse a
to bein to, set out to (do sth.)
prestarse a
to lend oneself to (doing sth.)
probar a
to try to, attempt to (do sth.)
quedarse a
to stay to, remain to (do sth.)
rebajarse a
to stoop to (s.o., a situation, doing sth.)
reducirse a
to reduce (a situation or oneself) to (sth., do sth.)
rehusar a
to refuse to (do sth.)
renunciar a
to renounce, give up, quit (sth., a job)
resignarse a
to resign oneself to (sth., doing sth.)
resistirse a
to resist (sth., doing sth.)
resolverse a
to make up one's mind to, resolve to (do sth.)
retirarse a
to retire to (a place, do sth.)
romper a
to start suddenly to (do sth.)
saber a
to taste like (sth.)
sentarse a
to sit down to (sth., do sth.)
someterse a
to submit oneself to (sth., doing sth.)
sonar a
to sound like (sth.)
subir a
to go up to, climb, get on (sth.)
venir a
to come to (a place, do sth.)
volver a
to return to (a place); to (do sth.) again
aburrirse con
to be or get bored with (s.o., sth.)
acabar con
to finish with / off, get rid of (sth., s.o.)
amenazar con
to threaten with (sth., doing sth.)
asociarse con
to associate with, team up with (so.)
asustarse con
to be afraid of, be frightened by (so., sth.)
bastar con
(3rd-person) to be sufficient, have enough of (sth., doing sth.)
casarse con
to marry (so.)
comerciar con
to trade in / with (a person, a business)
conformarse con
conform to, resign oneself to, make do (sth., doing sth.)
contar con
to count on (so., sth.)
dar con
to come upon (so., sth.)
disfrutar con
to enjoy (so., sth.)
divertirse con
to enjoy, have fun / a good time with (so., sth.)
encontrarse con
to meet up with, run into (so.)
enfadarse con
to get angray at / with (so., sth.)
enojarse con
to get angry at / with (so., sth.)
equivocarse con
to make a mistake about, be mistaken about (so., sth.)
espantarse con
to become afraid (so., sth.)
juntarse con
to associate with, join (forces) with (so.)
limpiar con
to clean (sth.) with (so.)
llenar con
to fill (sth.) with (sth.)
meterse con
to bother, pick a fight with (so., sth)
preocuparse con
to worry about (so., sth.)
recrearse con
to amuse onese with (sth.)
romper con
to break up with, break off relations with (so.)
salir con
to go out with, date (so.)
soñar con
to dream of / about (so., sth., doing sth.)
tratar(se) con
to associate with, have dealings with (so., sth.)
tropezarse con
to bump into (sth., so.), stumble over (sth.)
aburrirse de
to be bored by / with (so., sth., doing sth.)
abusar de
to take advantage of, impose upon, abuse (so., sth.)
acabar de
to have just (done sth.)
acordarse de
to remember (so., sth., to do sth.)
alegrarse de
to be glad of / about (sth.), to be happy to
alejarse de
to go / get away from (so., sth., somewhere)
arrepentirse de
to repent, be sorry for (sth., doing sth.)
avergonzarse de
to be ashamed of (so., sth.)
asombrarse de
to be astonished at (sth.)
brindar a la salud de
to toast (so.)
burlarse de
to make fun of (so., sth.)
cansarse de
to be / get tired of (so., sth., doing sth.)
carecer de
to lack (sth.)
cesar de
to cease
conseguir (algo) de
to obtain / get (sth.) from (so., sth.)
cuidar de
to care for, take care of (sth.)
deber de
to suppose [conjecture], "must be" (so., sth.)
depender de
to depend on (so., sth., doing sth.)
encargarse de
to take charge of (so., sth., doing sth.)
estar encargado de
to be in charge of (so., sth., doing sth.)
gozar de
to enjoy (sth.)
haber de
to suppose [conjecture] to (be or do sth.)
hablar de
to talk of / about, speak of (so., sth., doing sth.)
jactarse de
to brag about, boast of (sth., doing sth.)
librarse de
to get rid of (so., sth.)
llenar(se) de
to fill (up) with (sth.)
maldecir de
to speak ill of (sth.)
maravillarse de
to marvel at (so., sth.)
marcharse de
to leave, walk away from (a place)
morir de
to die [literally] of / from (an illness, a situation)
morirse de
to be dying [figuratively] for / of (sth.)
ocuparse de
to concern oneself with, pay attention to, deal with (so., sth., doing sth.)
olvidarse de
to forget (so., sth., to do sth.)
parar de
to cease, stop (doing sth.)
pensar de
to think of, have an opinion about (so., sth.)
preciarse de
to brag about, boast of, pride oneself on (sth., doing sth.)
prescindir de
to do without, neglect (so., sth., doing sth.)
probar de
to sample, take a taste of (sth.)
quejarse de
to complain of / about
salir de
to leave, go away from (a place)
separarse de
to leave, part company with (so., sth. a place)
servir de
to act as, serve as, be useful for (so., sth.)
soprenderse de
to be surprised at, be amazed at (sth.)
terminar de
to finish (doing sth.)
tratar de
to try to (do sth.)
tratarse de
to be a question of (sth., doing sth.)
abdicar en
to abdicate (the throne, etc.) to (so.)
complacerse en
to take pleasure in (sth., doing sth.)
confiar en
to trust, confide in (so., a situation, doing sth.)
consentir en
to consent to (do sth.)
consistir en
to consist of (sth., doing sth.)
convenir en
to agree to (sth., do sth.)
convertirse en
to become, change into (so., sth.)
empeñarse en
to insist on, persist in, get involved in (sth., doing sth.)
equivocarse en
to make a mistake in (sth.)
esforzarse en
to try hard in (sth.); to endeavor to (do sth.)
influir en
to influence, have an affect on (so., sth.)
interesarse en
to be interested in (so., sth.)
meterse en
to become involved in (sth., doing sth.)
mojarse en
to get mixed up in (sth.)
molestarse en
to take the trouble to (do sth.)
montar en
to ride (sth., a bike)
obstinarse en
to persist in (sth., doing sth.)
ocuparse en
to be busy with (sth., doing sth.)
parar(se) en
to stop at, stay at (a place)
pensar en
to think about (so., sth., doing sth.)
persistir en
to persist in (sth., doing sth.)
quedar en
to agree to (sth., do sth.)
reflexionar en
to reflect on, think about (sth.)
tardar (tiempo) en
to delay in (sth., doing sth.), to take (time) to (do sth.)
trabajar en
to work on / at (sth.)
verse en
to find oneself in / at (a situation, a place)
estar listo / a para
to be ready to (do sth.)
estar para
to be about to (do sth.)
quedarse para
to stay to (do sth.)
prepararse para
to prepare oneself (for sth.; to do sth.)
sentarse para
to sit down to (do sth.)
servir para
to be of use for, serve as (sth., doing sth.)
trabajar para
to work for (so., a company); to strive to (do sth.)
abogar por
to plead on behalf of (so., sth.)
acabar por
to end by, wind up (doing sth.)
apurarse por
to worry onself about, fret over (so., sth., doing sth.)
cambiar por
to excahnge (sth.); to change (sth.) into (sth.)
clasificar por
to classify in / by (sth.)
dar gracias por
to thank for, give thanks for (sth., doing sth.)
esforzarse por
to strive for (so., sth., doing sth.)
estar por
to be inclined to (do sth.), be in favor of (doing sth.)
hacer por
to try to (do sth.)
impacientarse por
to grow impatient for, be impatient to (so., sth., do sth.)
llorar por
to cry for / about (so., sth., doing sth.)
luchar por
to struggle for (so., sth., doing sth.)
mandar por
to send via (sth.--mail)
mirar por
to care about, worry about (so.)
morirse por
to be dying for (sth., doing sth.)
ofenderse por
to be offended by (sth., doing sth.)
optar por
to choose, opt for (sth., doing sth.)
preocuparse por
to worry about (so., sth., doing sth.)
rabiar por
to be crazy about (so., sth., doing sth.)
terminar por
to end by (doing sth.)
votar por
to vote for (so., sth.)