40 terms

Organelles

Organelles are tiny structures that perform very specific functions within cells, such as producing energy or manufacturing proteins. The term "organelle" is a reference to organs, since these structures operate in cells similar to the way organs function in the body. A number of different organelles can be found inside the many types of plant and animal cells.
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cell membrane
regulates what enters and leaves the cell
chloroplast
This organelle can be compared to the grass in the courtyard at EIS because the grass takes in energy from the sun and uses it to make food. (photosynthesis)
lysosome
This organelle can be compared to the custodians at EIS because they break down unneeded materials at the school.
cell wall
This organelle can be compared to the bricks and beams of the school building because they give structure and support to the school.
cytoplasm
The jelly-like substance that holds the cell and its organelles
chloroplast
This organelle is a large green structure found in plant cells.
Golgi Body
This organelle can be compared to the secretaries at EIS because they receive, package and then send off materials to the teachers in the school.
cell membrane
This organelle can be compared to the windows at EIS because they allow some things to enter the school, but not others.
vacuole
This organelle can be compared to the cafeteria because it stores needed materials like food, water, and other necessary materials for the school.
nucleus
Contains DNA—is the control center of the cell
ribosome
Cellular structures in which proteins are made
photosynthesis
A process in which plants capture energy from the sun and use it to make food. This process occurs in the chloroplasts.
vacuole
This organelle can be compared to the pantry in your house because it stores food, water and other necessary materials for your family.
Endoplasmic Reticulum
This organelle can be compared to the hallways at EIS since the hallways bring students from place to place around the building.
ribosome
Small grainlike bodies found in both plant and animal cells.
cytoplasm
This organelle can be compared to the water in a swimming pool because is found in between all of the swimmers, lane lines, and pool toys.
lysosome
This organelle can be compare to the clean-up crew at a sporting event because they break down unneeded materials at the end of the event.
ribosome
This organelle can be compared to the cafeteria workers at EIS because they make our lunch (produce proteins).
nucleus
This organelle can be compared to the president of the United States because he controls all of the activities in our country.
Golgi Body
A series of flattened membranes that package and send out the cell products
mitochondria
This organelle can be compared to the actual lunch that students eat during school. The student lunches give the students enough energy to get through the day. (respiration)
cytoplasm
This organelle can be compared to the air in the school because the air is found in between all of the people and things in the building.
lysosome
A membrane bound organelle containing digestive enzymes that break down cellular waste
chloroplast
This organelle can be compared to the garden in your backyard because the flowers capture energy from sunlight and use it to make food. (photosynthesis)
vacuole
This organelle is a different shape in plant and animal cells. In plant cells it is a large oval and in animal cells it is a small sphere.
cell wall
A rigid structure (made of cellulose) on the outside of plant cells.
mitochondria
These are rod shaped structures found in both plant and animal cells. Respiration occurs in this organelle.
Golgi Body
This organelle can be compared to cashier at the grocery store because they receive your money, package your groceries and then send them home with you.
cell wall
This organelle can be compared to the beams and bricks of a football stadium because they give the stadium structure and support.
endoplasmic reticulum
Contains ribosomes; proteins are manufactured here.
ribosome
This organelle can be compared to the concession stand at the movie theater because they make the food (produce protein).
mitochondria
organelles responsible for breaking down food to release energy
cell wall
This organelle provides structure and support for the cell.
respiration
This is a process in which energy from food molecules is turned into energy the cell can use. This process occurs in the mitochondria.
vacuole
organelle that serves as a storage site of food, water, and waste within plant cells.
cell membrane
This organelle can be compared to the Secret Service at The White House because they protect the president and decide who can speak to him and who cannot.
Endoplasmic Reticulum
This organelle can be compared to the rows of seats at a Broadway show because they are like a maze of passageways that bring people to their seats.
chloroplast and cell wall
These are the two organelles found only in plant cells.
nucleus
This organelle can be compared to the principal of EIS because he makes all the decisions at the school.
chloroplast
organelle that uses the sun's energy to produce food through photosynthesis.