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Terms in this set (40)
COPD, pulmonary edema, pneumonia, asthma, bronchitis
the purpose of the upper airway is to _________ air
warm and cleanse
a disease characterized by airflow obstruction caused by emphysema or chronic bronchitis
wheezes and crackles
COPD lung sounds
anatomically as abnormal, permanent enlargement of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles accompanied by the destruction of their walls
Inflammation of the lining of bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from the lungs.
Infection that inflames air sacs in one or both lungs, which may fill with fluid.
A condition in which a person's airways become inflamed, narrow and swell, and produce extra mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe.
is a brief spasm of the vocal cords that temporarily makes it difficult to speak or breathe
Causes of laryngospasm
may be associated with different triggers, such as asthma, allergies, exercise, irritants or GERD
compounds that lower the surface tension between two liquids or between a liquid and a solid
designed to directly lift the epiglottis
designed to fit inside the vallecula
inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system
contraindicated for children less than 5
abnormal enlargement of the right side of the heart as a result of disease of the lungs or the pulmonary blood vessels.
albuterol, ventolin, xopenex
tubes attached to the inhaler that act as a reservoir or holding chamber and reduce the speed at which the aerosol enters the mouth
the remaining volume that can be expelled from the lungs after a normal exhalation
expiratory reserve volume
the volume of air present in the lungs at the end of passive expiration
functional reserve capacity
During normal inspiration, the diaphragm contracts and intercostal muscles pull the rib cage out.
the best treatment for paradoxical motion
Inflammation of the tissues that line the lungs and chest cavity.
normal breathing rate for adult
Hering Breuer reflex
Pulmonary stretch receptors present in the smooth muscle of the airways respond to excessive stretching of the lung during large inspirations
characterized by groups of quick, shallow inspirations followed by regular or irregular periods of apnea
completely irregular breathing pattern, with continually variable rate and depth of breathing
consisting of, containing, or discharging pus.
absence of oxygen
visualizing the ET tube passing the cords
best ET tube placement verification
can be used in breathing or non-breathing patients
nose bleeds, basilar skull fracture, nasal fractures
is an opening, either natural or surgically created, which connects a portion of the body cavity to the outside environment
an NPA is measured from the earlobe to the
an OPA is measured from the earlobe to the
a disadvantage of endotracheal intubation
bypasses the upper airway's filtering and warming processes
airway obstruction treatment in which the patient is currently coughing
encourage continued coughing
colorimetric CO2 detector should be ________ in color
Nebulizer flow rate
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