50 terms

Islam. His Lecture+Slides

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Koran (Arabic language) is made for
"The Recitation"
oral traditions because the language is very musical
Religion is specific
1) God is everlasting
2) He is creator
3) All people are gods and creation
Islam is translated into
submission to allah
Muslim is translated into
one who submits to allah
Allah (god) is
same as jewish god and Christian god.
Mohammad
(like jesus) is reformer of basic religion
Fundamental Tennant
there is no god but God and mohammed is his prophet
T.E Lawrence wrote the book
7 pillars of Islam
5 pillars of Islam
Shahada
Salat
Zakat
Sawm
Hajj
Home base
Mecca
Shahada
witnessing to the faith (no deity but Allah and that Mohammad is the prophet of god)
Salat
Ritual of Prayer
Zakat
Alms to the Poor charity 2.5% of what they make
Sawm
fasting in the month of Ramadan
- no cussing, drinking, sex
Hajj
pilgrimage to Mecca
Kaaba
shrine predates Islam. filled with different religious celebrities. Orb of Abraham - he left there, this stone came from the heaven (meteor) by god to abe. During Abe's life the stone was white. Because of other peoples sin- it was black
Ethnicity and Religion
from Abraham. Descended from Ishmael
They believe that all the promises
that were promised to Abe. will be brought upon them
Sunni
those who did not believe that Ali was Caliph after the death of Mohammad
sect, mainstream, bulk
Shi'ite
those who believe that Ali was Caliph after the death of Mohammad
black turban
religious leader
white turban
direct dissenatiate from mohammad
most believe
no direct dissenadnts
Trade and commerce
they have no interest - ussary - collection of interest. They add up the interest in advance and tell merchant here the price
Women and men
equality before god.
Cultural norms have be forced upon and have no basisses in Koran - ex. Burka. Koran: dress modest
structure is Judiam, Christianity, however in Islam
there is nothing
Antiquity
Pre-History to Mohammed
Classical Islamic
570 AD-950 AD
Early Medieval
950 AD-1250 AD
Late Medieval
1250 AD-1500 AD
Early Modern
1500 AD-1923 AD
Modern
1923 AD-Current
Sharia
the total law of allah
divided into 114 chapters
Quoran
Koran
believe bible is valid signature
Revelation of Mohammad
brought by Archangel Gabriel
Islamic Calendar
based on lunar cycle not solar
12 mts
The tribe
blood relationship
protection and support
loyalty of sheik
Sheik
chief of tribe
Tribal Confederation
Northern Arabia
Central Arabia
Southern Arabia
Northern Arabia
Central Arabia
Tribal Confederation (2)
Southern Arabia
Religious Aristocractic Hierarchies (1)
Who was born into Hashim Tribe
Mohammed Ab.
Islamic Chronology
Antiquity
Classical Islamic
Early Medival
Late Medival
Early Modern
Modern
The First Class
Caliph and Imperial Family
Caliph's Household and Ruling Arab Moslems
Those born into Islam
The Second Class
made up of those Converted to Islam
The Third Class made up of the Dhimmis
Christians
Jews
The Fourth Class Slaves
?
By the 10th century,
wealth and talent had replaced birth as the basis for social distinction in Islamic Society
Slavery in Islamic Society
Racial Inequality especially against Black Slaves
Slaves did have legal rights
Slaves did have religious rights