89 terms

Caesar Military Terms

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acies
battleline
aquila
eagle
aquilifer
eagle-bearer
auriga
charioteer
carrus
chariot, wagon
castra movere
to break camp
castra ponere
to pitch camp
centurio
centurion, in charge of 80 men (approx.)
civitas
city-state
cohors
cohort, unit of men
classis
fleet
commilito
fellow soldier
commilitones
fellow soldiers
consistere
to stand firm, halt
copiae
troops
desiliere
to jump down
ensis
sword
eques
horseman
equitare
to ride a horse
equitatus
cavalry
equites
horsemen
equus
horse
essedarius
chariot-fighter
essedum
chariot
exercitatio
exercise, training
expeditus
unencumbered
funda
sling
funditores
slingers
galea
helmet
hiberna
winter-quarters
impeditus
encumbered
imperitus
unskilled
insuefactus
unaccustomed
inusitatus
unused to
iter facere
to march, to make a journey
latus apertum
the open (exposed) side
legatus
legate, legionary commander
navem deducere
to beach a ship
navem solvere
to sail a ship
naves longae
warships
naves onerariae
supply ships
obsides
hostage(s)
obsidere
to beseige
oppugnare
to attack
oppugnatio
an attack
pedem rettulerunt
they retreated
pedem referre
to retreat
pedes
footsoldier
pedites
footsoldiers
praeda
plunder, booty
praesidium
fortress, protection
proelium
battle
pugna
the fight
quaestor
commanding officer
remos incitare
to row
sagitta
arrow
sagittarius
archer
salus
safety, welfare
scala
ladder
scapha
small boat, row boat
scutum
shield
signifer
standard-bearer
signum
sign, standard, signal
speculatoria navigia
scout ship
subsequi
to pursue
tela
weapons, spears, javelins
telum
weapon, spear, javelin
tormentum
catapult
tribunus militum
tribune of the soldiers
turma
squadron
turris
tower
vallum
wall
impedimenta
baggage, baggage train
exercitus
army
certiorem facere
to inform
certior fieri
to be informed
materia
materials, wood
magnum iter
forced march
novissimi
rearguard, newest recruits
conscribere
to enlist
profectio
departure
tragula
javelin
consuetudo
custom
aegre
poorly
celeritas
speed, swiftness
principia
headquarters
premere
to press
sustinere
to sustain
testudo
tortoise formation