30 terms

Law Of War

Of the following, which one is defined as, directives and orders that delineate the authorities and limitations under which the U.S. armed forces will initiate and/or continue the use of force against other forces?
Rules of Engagement
Which one of the answers below is not one of the three categories of Law of War treaties to which the United States is party?
Those that define the organization of military forces
The two elements of the Principle of Proportionality are Justification in acting, and __________________?.
May not cause unreasonably incidental harm
The United States is NOT a party to the Rome Statute. What does the Rome Statute establish?
An international court for war crimes
According to the Child Soldier Protocol what is the minimum age for compulsory recruitment?
As a member of the US Armed Forces the Law of War helps you make the lawful decisions of war in difficult circumstances that arise in armed conflict.
Rules of engagement can allow actions that are prohibited by the Law of War.
To be effective, both parties to a conflict must agree to recognize the establishment of protected areas.
When a state of war exists, the parties to a conflict involved must comply with ____________________.
-Customary international law
-Resolutions of the United Nations Security Council
-The Law of War obligations of their Country
What document establishes authorized procedures for interrogating detainees?
Army Field Manual 2-22.3 Human Intelligence Collector Operations
Humanity is a principle of the Law of War that addresses the immunity of peaceful populations and civilian objects from attack.
What activities does the Law of War address?
-The resort to armed force
-The conduct of hostilities
-The relationship between belligerent and neutral States
Which two of the following acts are prohibited acts of perfidy?
Fighting in the enemy's uniform
Which two of the following persons are exempt from attack?
Military personnel exclusively assigned to, and engaged in, medical or chaplain duties
The Law of War principle of Honor influences the conduct of activities by encouraging refrain from taking advantage of the adversary's adherence to the Law of War and to encourage combatants to act in good faith in non-hostile relations.
What two methods are used to identify cultural property in accordance with the 1954 Hague Cultural Property Convention?
-A distinctive emblem
-An international registry
The Law of War is formed from written law contained in treaties and customary international law.
Which of the following statements does NOT describe the purposes of the Law of War?
Protecting the right of free expression for peoples in conflict
The Law of War may overlap, or be included within, other bodies or types of international law.
Which Law of War principle obligates parties to a conflict to discriminate between the armed forces and those taking no active part in hostilities?
Which two of the following are true about the principle of Military Necessity?
-It justifies the use of overwhelming force, but not wanton destruction
-It does not justify prohibited actions
What is the primary focus of the four Geneva Conventions of 1949?
Protection of the victims of armed conflict
Which two of the following special classes of persons are considered unprivileged belligerents?
-Members of non-state armed groups and civilians that directly take part in hostilities

-Spies and saboteurs
What two of the following statements combine to form the definition of a military objective?
-An object which by its nature, location, purpose, or use makes an effective contribution to the enemy's military action

-The partial or total destruction, capture, or neutralization of the object offers a definite military advantage
The principles of the Law of War are part of international laws but are not spelled out explicitly.
Which of the following rules pertain to law enforcement and security duties?
Rules on the Use of Force
Which statement on the use of force in self-defense to a hostile act or demonstrated hostile intent is most accurate?
The use of force may exceed hostile intent demonstrated by the enemy, as long as the force used is necessary and proportional to counter the threat
The Law of War does not permit wanton destruction. What is wanton destruction?
Destruction without purpose
What is the purpose of the Law of War principles?
-To work as interdependent and reinforcing parts of a coherent system of rules

-To help provide an interpretation of the written Law of War

-To animate potential new rules that could be incorporated into new treaties to address new developments or novel issues that arise during warfare

-To help provide clarification and interpretation of the many conventions, treaties, and protocols that are part of the Law of War
When conducting an attack, armed forces should take feasible precautions to reduce the risk of incidental harms to civilians and civilian objects. Which of the following actions could be considered a feasible precaution?
-Effective advance warning
-Adjusting the timing of the attack
-Weapon selection
-Evacuation of the protected population