The failure to do something which a reasonable man would do, or doing something which a prudent and reasonable man would not do. Also called unintentional tort
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof
No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, unless in a manner to be prescribed by law
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizes shall not be violated and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause.
The right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jusry of the State and districe wherein the crime shall have been committed.
In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in and Court of the United States,than according to the rules of the common law
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
The powers not delegated to the United Stats by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the Stats respectively, or to the people.
The tort of defamation of character
requires a plaintiff to prove that 1) the defendant made an untrue statement of fact about the plaintiff 2) the statement was intentionally or accidentally published to a third party.
A false statement that appears in a letter, newspaper, magazine, book, photograph, movie, video, and the like is called