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The failure to do something which a reasonable man would do, or doing something which a prudent and reasonable man would not do. Also called unintentional tort

1st amendment

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof

2nd amendment

The Right to bare arms

3rd amendment

No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, unless in a manner to be prescribed by law

4th amendment

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects against unreasonable searches and seizes shall not be violated and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause.

5th amendment

Dont have to talk unless on the stand of a Grand Jury

6th amendment

The right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jusry of the State and districe wherein the crime shall have been committed.

7th amendment

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in and Court of the United States,than according to the rules of the common law

8th amendment

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted

9th amendment

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

10th amendment

The powers not delegated to the United Stats by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the Stats respectively, or to the people.

14th amendment

You can not be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law

The tort of defamation of character

requires a plaintiff to prove that 1) the defendant made an untrue statement of fact about the plaintiff 2) the statement was intentionally or accidentally published to a third party.


The name for an oral defamatory statement


A false statement that appears in a letter, newspaper, magazine, book, photograph, movie, video, and the like is called


Laws that protects a variety of injuries and provides remedies for them

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