How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

60 terms

Intro to Networking Chp 1 terms

STUDY
PLAY
A+
CompTIA certification for PC operation, repair, and management
address
# that uniquely identifies each workstation and device on a network
address management
central administration of a finite number of network addresses for an entire LAN
addressing
scheme for assigning a unique identifying # to every workstation and device on a network
asset management
collecting and storing data on the number and types of software and hardware assets on a network
backbone
part of a network to which segments and significant shared devices connect (network of networks)
backing up
copying critical data files to a secure storage area
CCIE
Cisco Certified Internetwork Engineer (elite certification)
CCNA
Cisco Certified Network Associate
certification
mastering material pertaining to a particular hardware system, operating system, programming language, or other program
client
computer on a network that requests resources or services from another computer on a network
client/server architecture
network design in which client use a centrally-administered server to share resources
client/server network
uses centrally-administered computers, known as servers, to enable resource sharing and to facilitate communication between the other computers
CompTIA
Computing Technology Industry Association, sets industry-wide standards for computer professionals
connectivity device
specialized devicethat allows two or more networks of multiple parts of one network to connect and exchange data
convergence
use of data networks to carry voice, video, and other communication services in addition to data
data packet
discrete unit of information sent from one node on a network to another
file server
specialized server that enables clients to share applications and data across the network
file services
functions of a file server that allow users to share data files, applications, and storage areas
host
computer that enables resource sharing by other computers on the same network
internet
complex WAN that connect LANs and clients around the globe
internet services
services that enable a network to communicate with the internet
LAN
local area network, confined to a relatively small space
license tracking
determining the number of copies of a single application that are currently in use on a network and whether the number exceeds the authorized number of licenses
load balancing
distributing data transfer activity evenly across a network so that no single device in overwhelmed
mail server
manages the storage and transfer of e-mail messages
MAN
metropolitan area networks, larger than a LAN, but within a limited geographic area, such as between multiple buildings
management services
centrally administer and simplify complicated management tasks on the network
MCSE
Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer
motherboard
main circuit board that controls a computer
network
group of computers and other devices that are connected by and can exchange data via some type of transmission media
Network+
CompTIA certification for networks
network services
functions provided by a network
NIC
network interface card, enables a workstation to connect to a network
node
computer or other device connected to a network which has a unique address and can send or receive data
NOS
network operating system, software that runs on a server and enables the server to manage network functions
peer-to-peer network
every computer can communicate directly with the others
print services
allows printers to be shared by several members of a network
protocol
standard method or format for communication between network devices, ensure that data are transferred whole, in sequence, and without error
remote access server
runs communications services that enables remote users to log on to a network (access server)
remote user
person working on a computer on a different network or in a different geographical location from the LAN's server
resources
devices, data, and storage space provided by a computer, whether stand-alone or shared
restore
retrieving files from a backup
scalable
property of a network that allows you to add nodes or increase its size easily
security auditing
evaluating security measures already in place and notifying the administrator if a breach occurs
segment
part of a network, such as a group of nodes that share the same communication channel
server
computer on a network that manages shared resources
sneakernet
way of exchanging data between computer that are not connected on a network
soft skills
not easily measured, but are important to a networking career, dependability, leadership skills
spam
unsolicited, unwanted e-mail
stand-alone computer
not connected to a network
topology
physical layout of computers on a network
traffic
data transmission and processing activity taking place on a network at any given time
traffic monitoring
determining how much data transfer activity is taking place and notifying administrators when a segment becomes overloaded
transmission media
means through which data are transmitted and received, cable or radio waves
unified communications
centralized management of multiple types of network-based communications such as voice, video, fax, and messaging services
user
person who uses a computer
WAN
wide area network, spans a long distance and connects two or more LANs
web server
manages web site services
workstation
computer that runs a desktop operating system and connects to a network