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27 terms

CBCS Billing and coding

Billing and Coding
STUDY
PLAY
Medical Ethics
Medical ethics are standards of conduct based on moral principles. They are generally accepted as a guide for behavior towards patients, physicians, co-workers, the government, and insurance companies.
Medical Billing and Coding as a Career
There are many different titiles that fall under this paticular specialty. It is a diversidfied position and can be very broad or very narrow in the duties to be performed depending on the size of the office.
Compliance Regulations
Most billing-related cases are based on HIPAA and False Claims Act.
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)
Created the Health care Fraud and Abuse Control Program enacted to check for fraud and abuse in the Medicare and Medicaid programs, and private payers.
Insurance Reform
Primary purpose is to provide continuous insurance coverage for workers and their dependents when they change or lose their jobs.
Limits the use of preexisting conditions exclusions.
Prohibits discrimination for part or present poor health.
Guarantees certain employees and individuals the right to purchase new health insurance coverage after losing a job.
Allows renewal of health insurance coverage regardless of an individual's health condition that is covered under the particular policy.
Possible consequences of inaccurate coding and incorrect billing include
delayed processing and payment of claims
reduced payments; denied claims
fines and/or imprisonment
Abuse
This is defined as incidents or practices, not usually considered fraudulent, that are inconsistent with the accepted medical business or fiscal practices in the industry.
Adminstrative Simplification
The goal is to focus on the health care practice setting to reduce administratice costs and burdens.
False Claims Act (FCA)
Federal law that prohibits submitting a fraudulent claim or making a false statement or representation in connection with a claim.
National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI)
Developed by the CMS to promote national correct coding methodologies and to control improper coding that leads to inappropriate payment of Part B health insurance claims.
Possible consequences of inaccurate coding and incorrect billing include
Delayed processing and payment of claims.
Reduced payments; denied claims.
Fines and/or imprisionment.
Exclusion from payer's programs; loss of physician's license to practice medicine.
The Office of Inspector General (OIG)
has the task to investigate and prosecute health care fraud and abuse.
Fraud
Knowingly and intentionally deceiving or misrepresenting information that mey result in unauthorized benefits.
Patient Confidentiality
All patients have a rifght to privacy and all information should remain privileged.
Treatment
primarily for the purpose of discussion of the patient's case with other providers.
Payment
providers submit claims on behalf of patients.
Operations
for purposes such as staff training and quality improvement
Employer Liability
The license to practice medicine is governed by each individual state.
Employee Liability
"Erros and omissions insurance" is protection against loss of monies caused by failure through error or unintentional omission on the part of the individual or service submitting the insurance claim.
Medical Records
is a documentation of the patient's social and medical history, family history, physical examination findings, progress notes, radiology and lab results, consultation reports and correspondence to patient.
Medical Report
is part of the medial record and is a permanent legal document that fomally states the consequences of the patient's exam or treatment in letter or report form.
DOS
date of service
POS
place of service
TOS
type of service
dx or DX
diagnosis
Reasons for Documentation
It is important the every patient seen by the physician has comprehensive legible documentaation about the patient's illness, treament and plans.
Retentoin of Medical Records
is governed by state and local laws and may vary from state-to-state. Most physicians are required to retain records indefinitely; deceased patient records should be kept for at least five (5) years.