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For Central Middle School study purposes.


Lively and enthusiastic; vivacious; boiling, agitated, effervescent.


To secretly try to ruin or destroy a government. To corrupt by undermining of morals, allegiance, or faith; To make (something) weaker or less effective.


A major effort to change something; an enterprise undertaken with zeal and enthusiasm; a campaign to get things changed for the better.
2. Verb - To take part in a major effort to change something.


A staff or baton borne by a ruler as an emblem of authority; a long decorated stick that is carried by a king or queen.


To reduce in intensity; to make (someone) less angry; to calm (someone) down; to reduce the harshness or violence of.


Giving no sign of feeling or emotion; cold; showing no sign of pain.


a political leader who tries to get support by making false claims and promises and using arguments based on emotion rather than reason; a person who appeals to emotions and prejudices to arouse discontent and advance his or her own political purposes.


Outward decoration or dress : ornamental equipment. The outward signs, features, or objects associated with a particular situation, role, or thing


To give a boost to; to make (something) stronger or better : to give support to (something). Also, a long pillow or cushion.


Lazy. Not liking to work or be active; disliking effort or activity. 2. causing little or no pain; slow to develop or heal;


A jester's cap adorned with a strip of red; a conceited foolish person.


1. Verb- To twist or change (something) so that it is not true or accurate.
2. Adjective- More developed on one side or in one direction than another.


1. Adverb / Adjective- Out of line; not straight; at an angle; awry.


Adj. - causing anger
N - A person who commits arson; a substance or weapon (as a bomb) used to start fires;
2. A person who excites quarrels.
2. Adjective- Containing chemicals that burst into flame on contact;


To discourage, or prevent from acting; to prevent (something) from happening; inhibit.


To attract artfully by arousing hope or desire; to attract (someone) especially by offering or showing something that is appealing, interesting.


To stop (someone) from being angry or discontented; placate; pacify. To gain someone's goodwill by pleasing acts.


To start something; to bring into being; to start a fire burning. To arouse or inspire an emotion or feeling


Completely unwilling to change; very stubborn; characterized by refusal to compromise or to abandon an extreme position/attitude. Synonym of mulish


Noun- An occurrence of wild and usually destructive behavior.
Verb - To rush wildly about; to act or move in a wild and usually destructive way.


Verb - To stir up or incite; cause or try to cause the growth or development of (something bad or harmful)


1. having very few plants : not suitable for plants Not producing good or useful things, ideas, children, fruits, etc.
2. Noun- An extent of land having an inferior growth of trees or little vegetation.


A record of events arranged in yearly sequence; chronicles.


1. Verb - to begin or create (something, such as a new law, rule, or system)
2. Noun- an organization created for a particular purpose (such as research or education).


Unreasonably and inflexibly obstinate; refusing to do what others want or to change your opinion or the way you do something; very stubborn. Synonym of intransigent


A person having a superficial or amateurish interest in an art or a branch of knowledge; a person whose interest in an art or in an area of knowledge is not very deep or serious.

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