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31 terms

World History Intro

STUDY
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Colonialism
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Nationalism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
Democracy
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Capitalism
an economic system based on private property and free enterprise
Communism
economic and political system in which the gov't controls the economy by owning its farms and businesses
Politics
the study of government of states and other political units
Economics
production and consumption of goods and services
Philosophy
a system of beliefs and values
Depression
a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment
Recession
economic slump
Global
of, relating to, or involving the entire world; comprehensive
Isolationism
Having little to do with the political affairs of other nations
Revolution
the overthrow of a government by those who are governed
Imperialism
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
Industry
a group of businesses that produce a similar product or provide a similar service.
Government
the institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
Monarchy
state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen
Aristocracy
a privileged class holding hereditary titles
Republic
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting
Senate
upper house of the legislature
Judaism
the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
Christianity
The religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
Islam
A monotheistic religion that developed in Arabia in 7th century, means "submission to the will of Allah" followers are Muslims
Reformation
A religious reform movement which challenged political and ecclesiastical authority of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages.
Renaissance
The period from 1400 to 1600 that witnessed a transformation of cultural and intellectual values from primarily Christian to classical or secular ones.
Divine Right
belief that a ruler's authority comes directly from God
Common Law
a system of law based on precedent and customs
Due Process of Law
procedures established by law and guaranteed by the constitution
Parliament
a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Great Britain)
Social Contract
the agreement by which people define and limit their individual rights, thus creating an organized society or government
Natural Rights
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property