PED 107D - Beg Golf
Terms in this set (78)
Longest in Length a typically hit from the
tee and will travel the greatest distance
Can be used of the tee or for long
5 Wood or Hybrid
Used in place of a long iron
long iron rarely used
Used for shots out of greenside bunkers or
for short approach shots and pitch shots
Used for very short approach shots and for
high soft shots around the green
A score of three below par for a hole.
: swing path of the club head.
A score of one below par for a hole.
: to strike the ball with the leading edge, thus topping the shot.
: A score of one over par for a hole.
: Hazard consisting of an area of bare earth, or sand, usually in the form of a
: Any temporary accumulation of water, which is clearly visible after the
player has taken his or her stance
: A low, running shot played from just off the green.
: A slice of turf displaced in making a shot.
: A score of two over par for a hole.
number of strokes it takes to complete a hole
: An intentional curving of the ball that causes the ball to move in a controlled
manner from right to left through the air (for a right handed golfer).
: A score of two under the par for the hole.
: An intentional curving of the ball that causes the ball to move from left to right
through the air in a controlled manner (for a right handed player).
: The mown portion of the playing area of a course between the tee and the
: Movable indicator to mark the position of the hole. Also referred to as the pin
: Conventional golfers cry to worn players ahead of an approaching ball.
: The prepared putting surface.
Ground under repair
: Any part of the course marked as such by the course committee
and material piled up for removal.
: Any bunker or water hazard and defined as such by the committee.
: Earned by having the lowest score on the previous hole. The player with honors
is granted the right to hit first from the tee box.
: An unintentional curving of the ball which causes the ball to fly from right to left
through the air in an uncontrolled manner (for a right handed golfer)
: A putt which is deliberately run up to the hole with the prime intention of leaving an
easy tap-in putt to follow.
: High shot played with lofted club designed to land softly with little backspin.
A ball is declared lost if not found within five minutes; or if the player puts
another ball in play; or if the player formally abandons the ball.
: The practice, quite unofficial, of allowing a player a free second drive when his
or her first shot is unsatisfactory.
Out of bounds
: A ball is out of bounds when all of it lies over a line drawn between the
nearest inside points of boundary stakes.
the norm for the hole
: A stroke, or scores, to be added to the score under the rules
: A medium trajectory shot, hit from around the green that flies approximately
half the distance to the target in the air and rolls on the ground for the other half.
: A ball played to save time because it is believed that the previous shot
may be lost or out of bounds.
: An unintentional straight shot which flies to the left of the target.
: Stroke played to deliberately keep the ball low
: An unintentional straight shot which flight to the right of the target.
: A stroke played with the putter.
: Area of high grass that runs along side the fairway and along the green.
: A stroke played off the hosel or neck of the club, sending it off at an acute angle.
: Unintentional curving of the ball, which causes the ball to fly from left to right in an uncontrolled manner (for a right handed golfer).
: A forward movement of the club made with the intention of striking the ball.
The entire action of playing a stroke.
: Angle of swing arc in relation to the ground.
: A peg for teeing the ball.
: Designated hitting area at the start of the hole.
: A score of three over par for a hole.
Ground under repair, staked trees or shrubs, Sprinkler heads, Holes make by burrowing animals
When taking a free drop you must drop the ball at the nearest point of relief. To drop, extend your arm at shoulder height and literally drop the ball. The ball must come to rest at a place no closer to the hole than the original spot from where you are taking relief and no farther than one club length.
Yellow: Marks a direct hazard
Red: Marks a lateral hazard
White: Marks the out of bounds area
Rule 4-4 Maximum of 14 clubs
The player shall start a stipulated round with not more than 14 clubs. He/she is limited to the clubs thus selected for that round except that, if he/she started with fewer than 14 clubs, he may add any number provided his total number does not exceed 14.
Penalty: Stroke play- Two strokes for each hole at which any breach occurred; maximum penalty per round: Four strokes.
****The fourteen club limit. A golfer may only have fourteen clubs in his or her bag while playing. If a player is caught with more than 14 clubs he will be penalized 2 strokes for every hole played up to a four stoke penalty.
*PENALTY FOR BREACH OF RULE 20-1, 20-2 or 20-3:
Match play - Loss of hole;
Stroke play - Two strokes.
*If a player makes a stroke at a ball substituted under one of these Rules when such substitution is not permitted, he incurs the general penalty for breach of that Rule, but there is no additional penalty under that Rule. If a player drops a ball in an improper manner and plays from a wrong place or if the ball has been put into play by a person not permitted by the Rules and then played from a wrong place, see Note 3 to Rule 20-7c.
Rule 26 Water Hazard
A "water hazard" is any sea, lake, pond, river, ditch, surface drainage ditch or other open water course (whether or not containing water) and anything of a similar nature.
Rule 26 Note 1:
Water hazards (other than lateral water hazards) should be defined by yellow stakes or lines.
Rule 26 Note 2:
The committee may make a local rule prohibiting play from an environmentally sensitive area which has been defined as a water hazard.
A " lateral water hazard"
is a water hazard or that part of a water hazard so situated that is not possible or is deemed by the committee to be impracticable to drop a ball behind the water hazard in accordance with rule 26-1b. Lateral water hazards should be distinctively marked with a red stake.
If a ball is in or is lost in a water hazard (whether the ball lies in the water or not), the player may under penalty of one stroke:
a. Play a ball as nearly as possible at the spot from which the original ball was
last played (see rule 20-5); or
b. Drop a ball behind the water hazard, keeping the point at which the original ball last crossed the margin of the water hazard directly between the hole and the spot on which the ball is dropped, with no limit to how far behind the water hazard the ball maybe dropped; or
c. As additional options available only if the ball last crossed the margin of a lateral water hazard, drop a ball outside the water hazard within two club-lengths of and not nearer the hole than (i) the point where the original ball last crossed the margin of the water hazard or (ii) a point on the opposite margin of the water hazard equidistant from the hole.
The ball may be cleaned when lifted under this rule.
Rule 27 Ball Lost or Out of Bounds
Provisional Ball A ball is "lost if:
a. It is not found or identified as his by the player within five minutes after the player's side or his or their caddies have begun to search for it.
b. The player has put another ball into play under the rules, even though he may not have searched for the original ball; or
c. The player has played any stroke with a provisional ball from the place where the original ball is likely to be or from a point nearer the hole than that place, whereupon the provisional ball becomes the ball in play. "Out of Bounds" Is beyond the boundaries of the course or any part of the course so marked by the committee. Usually identified with white stakes or lines.
Rule 27-1 Ball Lost or Out of Bounds
If a ball is lost or is out of bounds, the player shall play a ball, under penalty of one stroke, as nearly as possible at the spot from which the original ball was last played (see rules 20-5). Exceptions: 1. If there is reasonable evidence that the original ball is lost in a water hazard, the player shall proceed in accordance with rule 26-1. 2. If there is reasonable evidence that the original ball is lost in an immovable obstruction (rule24-2c) or an abnormal ground condition (rule 25-1c) the player may proceed under the applicable rule.
#1 The fourteen club limit. A golfer may only have fourteen clubs in his or her bag while playing. If a player is caught with more than 14 clubs he will be penalized 2 strokes for every hole played up to a four stoke penalty.
Hitting a ball out of bounds (indicated by a white stake). If your ball goes out of bounds you must take a one stroke penalty. Plus, you must go back and hit the ball from its original position
A lost ball. If you cannot find your ball within the five minutes allowed for a search, you must take a one stroke penalty and again go back to the original position of the ball.
Hitting into a direct water hazard. A direct water hazard is water that runs across the fairway. In this instance you again must take a one stroke penalty. You may play from the previous spot or you may drop the ball on a point behind the hazard that is in line with where the ball crossed the margin of the hazard and the hole. You may go back as far as you want on that line.
Lateral water hazard.
A lateral water lateral water hazard runs parallel to the fairway or in the direction of the line of play. This is also a one stroke penalty, but you have several options.
First you may go back to the original position.
Second you may dropping the ball within two club lengths of where the ball last crossed the water (no closer to the hole). Third you may drop the ball on a point behind the hazard that is in line with where the ball crossed the margin of the hazard and the hole.
Fourth you may drop on the opposite margin of the hazard equidistant from the hole and within two club lengths of the margin of the hazard. Either way you must take a one stroke penalty.
Unplayable lie. An unplayable lie is any shot you deem unplayable. In this case you take a one stroke penalty and can either drop the ball within two club lengths ( no closer to the hole) from where the ball lies, go back to the previous position, or drop the ball on a point on a line directly from the hole and back as far as you want.
If you accidentally move the ball you if must take a one stroke penalty and replace the ball back to its original position.
If you take a swing with the intention of hitting the ball and miss, you must take a one stroke penalty.
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