Unit 3 HHD Outcome 1 Key Terms
Terms in this set (27)
Burden of Disease
A measure of the impact of diseases and injuries, specifically it measures the gap between current health status and an ideal situation where everyone lives to an old age free of disease and disability. Burden of disease is measured in a unit called the DALY.
Health and wellbeing
Relating to the state of a person's physical, social, emotional, mental and spiritual existence and how they feel about their lives in relation to the various dimensions
'An individual's or a population's overall health, taking into account various aspects such as life expectancy, amount of disability and levels of disease risk factors.' (AIHW, 2008)
Health Adjusted Life Expectancy (HALE's)
A measure of burden of disease based on life expectancy at birth, but including an adjustment for time spent in poor health. It is the number of years in full health that a person can expect to live, based on current rates of ill health and mortality.
Emotional health and wellbeing
The ability to recognise, understand and effectively manage emotions and use this knowledge when thinking, feeling and acting.
Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs)
A measure of burden of disease, one DALY equals one year of healthy life lost due to premature death and time lived with illness, disease or injury.
'An indication of how long a person can expect live, it is the number of years of life remaining to a person at a particular age if death rates do not change.'
Under 5 mortality rate
The rate of deaths occurring in children under 5 years of age per 1000 live births.
Refers to death, often at a population level.
Refers to ill-health in an individual and the levels of ill-health in a population or group.
The number of new cases of a condition during a given period of time.
'The number or proportion of cases of a particular disease or condition present in a population at a given time.'
Social health and wellbeing
Being able to interact with others and participate in the community in both an independent and cooperative way.
Mental health and wellbeing
'State of well-being in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.' (WHO, 2009)
Physical health and wellbeing
Relates to the efficient functioning of the body and its systems, and includes the physical capacity to perform tasks and physical fitness.
Spiritual health and wellbeing
A positive sense of belonging, meaning and purpose in life. It includes values and beliefs that influence the way people live, and can be influenced by an individual's connection to themselves, others, nature and beyond.
Factors relating to the body that impact on health, such
as genetics, hormones, body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, birth weight.
Aspects of society and culture that impact on health and wellbeing and health status, such as poverty, early life experiences, social networks and support.
the physical surroundings in which we live, work and play. The physical environment includes water and air, workplaces, housing, roads, nature, schools, recreation settings and exposure to hazards
Maternal mortality ratio
The number of deaths per 100 000 women who gave birth to at least 1 baby (either a live birth or a stillbirth) of 20 weeks completed gestation or more or birthweight of 400 grams or more.
Infant mortality rate
The rate of deaths of infants between birth and their first birthday, usually expressed per 1000 live births.
Old public health
Government actions that focused on changing the physical environment to prevent the spread of disease, such as providing safe water, sanitation and sewage disposal, improved nutrition, improved housing conditions and better work conditions.
New public health
An approach to health that expands the traditional focus on individual behaviour change to one that takes into account the ways in which physical, cultural, political and social environments impact on health. Also referred to as the social model of health.
In a constant state of change / Can change quickly
Means different things to different people based on a range of factors including age, sex, culture, previous experiences and social support.
How a person experiences disease. Can be influenced by a range of factors such as age, social support and previous experiences with disease.
A physical or mental disturbance involving symptoms, dysfunction or tissue damage.