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Elements of Literature 2012

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PLAY
The Sniper
Irish Republic Sniper who kills his brother. From "The Sniper" by Liam O'Flaherty
Dee/ Wangero
Eldest daughter of "Mama" and sister to Maggie. She is very "educated, worldly, and deeply determined"; she doesn't let anything get in the way of getting what she wants ("Everyday Use") scorns her immediate roots in favor of a pretentious "native African" identity.
Mama
Acts as narrator of "Everyday Use" by Alice Walker. She is also known as Mrs. Johnson. She is a middle-aged or older African-American woman living with her younger daughter, Maggie. Although poor, she is strong and independent as shown by how she interacts with her children, and takes great pride in her way of life. Her appearance is described as someone who is overweight, and someone who has a body that is more like a man's than a woman's. She has strong hands that are worn from a lifetime of work.
Maggie
The younger daughter who stays with Mama while Dee is away at school. Though described by her mother as unintelligent and unattractive, she is a very innocent and humble character. She leads a simple life with her mother and has a traditionally Southern life.
Madame Loisel
she always imagined herself in a high social position with wonderful jewels. However she has nothing and marries a low paid clerk who tries his best to make her happy.
Mssr. loisel
He is a low paid clerk who tries his best to make his wife happy. Through lots of begging at work, he is able to get two invitations to the Ministry of the Public Instruction party.
Madame Forrestier
She is a lady who gave Madame Loisel a diamond necklace to wear to a fancy party.
Old Man Warner
The oldest man in town, has participated in seventy-seven lotteries and is a staunch advocate for keeping things exactly the way they are. He dismisses the towns and young people who have stopped having lotteries as "crazy fools," and he is threatened by the idea of change.
Mr. Adams
First man to pick from the lottery
Mr Graves
The man who swears people in to the lottery. He never has a dialogue in the whole story, and he's never described. There's a reason he's the ultimate authority in a murderous lottery: his name is where the "winners" of this ritual are going.
Mrs. Tessia hutchinson
She arrived at the lottery late. Doesn't like the rules of the lottery. She eventually wins the lottery, and greatly disapproves and cries for mercy. She gets stoned to death
Mrs Delacroix
Talks with Mrs. Graves. She picks up the biggest rock to throw at Tess Hutchinson.
Duncan
The good King of Scotland whom Macbeth, in his ambition for the crown, murders. His death symbolizes the destruction of an order in Scotland that can be restored only when Duncan's line, in the person of Malcolm, once more occupies the throne.
Malcolm
The eldest son of Duncan, and heir to the thrown, whose restoration to the throne signals Scotland's return to order following Macbeth's reign of terror. Malcolm becomes a serious challenge to Macbeth with Macduff's aid.
Donaldbain
The younger son of Duncan, who flees the country with his brother to go to different parts of Europe after his Father was assassinated.
Macbeth
Scottish general and the thane of Glamis. He becomes king of Scotland after killing Duncan.
Banquo
Brave and Noble Scottish general who is a friend of Macbeths and is told that his sons will inherit the throne of Scotland. He is killed later by Macbeth.
Lady Macbeth
Macbeth's wife, a deeply ambitious woman who craves for power. She convinces Macbeth to kill King Duncan.
Ross
A scottish nobleman who tells Macduff his family has been massacred.
Fleance
The son of Banquo, who survives Macbeth's attempt to murder him.
Macduff
A Scottish nobleman hostile to Macbeth's kingship from the start. He eventually becomes a leader of the crusade to unseat Macbeth. He gains vengeance on Macbeth at the end when he rightfully kills him.
The Weird Sisters
Three "black and midnight hags" who plot mischief against Macbeth using charms, spells, and prophecies. Their predictions prompt him to murder Duncan, to order the deaths of Banquo and his son, and to blindly believe in his own immortality.
Lady Macduff
The wife of Macduff, who gets murdered along with her children by the order of Macbeth. She and her family serve as a contrast to that of Lady Macbeth's family.
Siward
Leader of the English army, some ten thousand strong which defeats Macbeth at the end of the play. He loses his son to Macbeth.
Young Siward
He dies fighting Macbeth. Being of natural birth, his death at Macbeth's hands strengthens Macbeth's belief of invincibility.
Young Narrator Pip
Narrates the story of himself as he grows up to fulfill his benefactors expectations.
Adult Narrator Pip
A grown-up gentleman who reflects on his past experiences and his past self and narrates of how ignorant his young self was.
Joe
The blacksmith who's married to Pip's sister. He and Pip were best friends when Pip was young, but grew apart when Pip grew up to be a gentleman. He's illiterate and uneducated for most of the story.
Ms Joe
Pip's sister who gets severely hurt and dies in the story. She used to beat pip with her cane, "the tickler".
Magwitch
The convict, who runs into Pip and forces Pip to take care of. He ironically ends up being Pip's benefactor, although he dies and leaves Pip broke.
"Provis"
the name that Magwitch takes to conceal his identity when he goes to London.
Compeyson
A criminal and the former partner of Magwitch, who is an educated, gentlemanly outlaw who contrasts sharply with the coarse and uneducated Magwitch. He is responsible for Magwitch's capture at the end of the novel. He is also the man who jilted Miss Havisham on her wedding day.
Mr Pumblechook
The merchant obsessed with money who is responsible for arranging Pip's first meeting with Miss Havisham. Throughout the rest of the novel, he will shamelessly take credit for Pip's rise in social status, even though he has nothing to do with it, since Magwitch, not Miss Havisham, is Pip's secret benefactor.
Mr Wopsel
The church clerk in Pip's country town; his aunt is the local schoolteacher.
Miss Havisham
She is the wealthy, eccentric old woman who lives in a manor called Satis House near Pip's village. As a young woman, shewas jilted by her fiancé minutes before her wedding, and now she has a thing against all men. She deliberately raises Estella to be the tool of her revenge, training her beautiful ward to break men's hearts.
Estella
The daughter of Miss Havisham and Pip's unattainable dream throughout the novel. He loves her passionately, but, though she sometimes seems to consider him a friend, she is usually cold, cruel, and uninterested in him. As they grow up together, she repeatedly warns him that she has no heart.
Sarah Pocket
"a dry, brown corrugated old woman, with a small face that might have been made out of walnut shells, and a large mouth like a cat's without the whiskers." Another relative of Ms Havisham's only interested in her money
Biddy
Wopsle's second cousin; she runs an evening school from her home in Pip's village and becomes Pip's teacher. A kind and intelligent but poor young woman, she is, like Pip and Estella, an orphan. She is the opposite of Estella. Pip ignores her obvious love for him as he fruitlessly pursues Estella. The wife of Joe at the end.
Orlick
Blacksmith at Joe Gargery's forge. Strong, rude and sullen, he is as churlish as Joe is gentle and kind. His resentments cause him to take actions which threaten his desires in life but for which he blames others. He ends up in a fist fight with Joe over Mrs Joe's taunting and is easily beaten. This set in motion an escalating chain of events that lead him to secretly injure Mrs Joe grievously and eventually make an attempt on Pip's life. He is discovered and arrested.
Mr Trabb
The tailor who saves Pip at the end from Orlick
Trabb's Boy
The local bully who teases Pip.
Jaggers
High-power, famous London Lawyer who takes care of Pip when he first comes to London.
Molly
The biological mother of Estella, and the servant of Jaggers
Wemmick
Jaggers clerk and Pips friend that is one of the strangest characters. At home he is a kind warm- hearted gentleman but at work he is always all uptight and worrying.
Herbert
Pip's gentleman friend, who moves to Egypt in search of a job in the shipping/ exporting business.
"Handel"
Nickname that Herbert gives Pip because it was the name of a famous composer.
Clara
Herberts love, who moves to Cairo with Herbert after he father dies.
Mr. Matthew Pocket
Father of Herbert, and cousin of Ms Havisham. He tutors Pip and Pips friends.
Mrs Pocket
Mother of Herbert, she is lazy and feels as though she should have been the wife of a baron.
Drummle
Also known as "the spider", he is also tutored by Mathew Pocket, and is a very rude and annoying man who ends up marrying Estella, and later dying.
Startop
Pip and Herbert's friend who is a dedicated young gentlemen that moves in for tutelage at the Pocket's house. Later this person helps Pip and Herbert with Magwitch's escape.
Ms. Skiffins
The wife of Wemmick, who is affiliated with a person who Pip pays money in order for them to hire Herbert.
Winston
Protagonist of 1984, he works as a clerk in the Records Department of the Ministry of Truth, where his job is to rewrite historical documents so they match the constantly changing current party line.
Julia
Winston's lover, is a covert "rebel from the waist downwards" who publicly espouses Party doctrine as a member of the fanatical Junior Anti-Sex League
O'Brien
A member of the Inner Party who poses as a member of The Brotherhood, the counter-revolutionary resistance, in order to deceive, trap, and capture Winston and Julia.
Parsons
Winston's naïve neighbour, and an ideal member of the Outer Party: an uneducated, suggestible man who is utterly loyal to the Party, and fully believes in its perfect image. Later, as a prisoner, Winston sees Parsons is in the Ministry of Love, because his daughter had reported him to the Thought Police after overhearing him speak against the Party whilst he slept.
Charrington
The little store keeper who rents the above apartment to Winston and Julia, so they can meet. He is secretly a spy.
Goldstein
A former leader of The Party, the counter-revolutionary author of The Book, The Theory and Practice of Oligarchical Collectivism, and leader of the Brotherhood.
Big Brother
The dark-eyed, mustachioed embodiment of The Party who rule Oceania.
Katharine
The emotionally indifferent wife whom Winston "can't get rid of".
Syme
Winston's colleague at the Ministry of Truth, whom the Party "vaporised" because he remained a lucidly-thinking intellectual. He was a lexicographer who developed the language and the dictionary of Newspeak, in the course of which he enjoyed destroying words.
Inner Party
regulates Ingsoc and the Thought Police, and keeps all Outer Party members under close supervision, while the proles live in relatively benign conditions.
Outer Party
Under constant supervision by the Inner Party, and do not have the comforts of the Inner Party.
Proles
Constitute 85% of the population. They receive little education, work at jobs in which tough physical labour is the norm, live in poverty (but qualitatively richer than the Outer Party members with regard to certain freedoms inherent to their relative anonymity), and usually die by the age of sixty.