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97 terms

CanTech Cancer

STUDY
PLAY
a mass of cells resulting from abnormally rapidly dividing cells
What is a tumor?
metastasis
What is the spread of cancer cells beyond their original site in the body called?
cancer
A malignant tumor results in which disease?
skin or tissues covering internal organs
Where is the site of origin of a carcinoma?
blood-forming tissues
Where is the site of origin of leukemia?
cells of the immune system
Where is the site of origin for lymphoma?
staging
The method used to describe how cancer has progressed within the body (i.e. the extent of the cancer) is called?
size of tumor, lymph node involvement, metastasis
Name the three factors on which cancer staging is based.
HPV
cancer of the cervix is linked to which virus?
DES
cancer of the cervix is linked to exposure to which drug?
postmenopausal
Endometrial cancer mainly affects this group of women
skin cancer
One of the most common types of cancer is?
melanoma and nonmelanoma
What are the two types of skin cancer?
nonmelanoma
Which skin cancer is the most treatable form?
ultraviolet light
one of the major causes of skin cancer is excessive exposure to?
small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer
Name the two types of lung cancer
smoking
The most common cause of small-cell lung cancer is?
prostate cancer
The incidence of which cancer increases as men get older?
self-examination of the breast
Name a method of screening for breast cancer
mammogram
Name a method of screening for breast cancer
sonogram
Name a method of screening for breast cancer
fecal occult blood test
Name a screening test for colorectal cancer
colonoscopy
Name a screening test for colorectal cancer
sigmoidoscopy
Name a screening test for colorectal cancer
double contrast barium enema
Name a screening test for colorectal cancer
digital rectal exam
Name a screening test for colon cancer
digital rectal exam
Name a screening test for prostate cancer
PSA
Name a screening test for prostate cancer
PAP smear
Name a screening test for cervical cancer
chemotherapy
The use of drugs to kill or slow the growth of cancerous cells is called?
biological therapy
the administration of immune system modulators to boost the body's natural defense against cancerous cells is called?
type of cancer
Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options
stage of cancer
Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options
tolerance for adverse effects of treatment
Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options
patient's age
Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options
histological and nuclear grade of the primary tumor
Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options
capacity of the cancer to metastasize
Name a factor that influences the selection of treatment options
hormone therapy
This is the treatment of choice for breast cancer
tamoxifen
This drug is indicated for treatment of estrogen-receptor positive breast cancer
selective estrogen receptor modulator
tamoxifen belongs to this class
estrogen receptor downregulator
fulvestrant belongs to this class
-trozole
This is a common ending for aromatase inhibitors
aromatase inhibitor
Which class of drugs blocks the conversion of androgens to estrone and estradiol?
aromatase inhibitor
anastrozole belongs to this class
aromatase inhibitor
exemestane belongs to this class
aromatase inhibitor
letrozole belongs to this class
Arimidex
the brand name for anastrozole
Aromasin
the brand name for exemestane
Femara
the brand name for letrozole
Zoladex
the brand name for goserelin
GnRH agonist
goserelin belongs to this class
Megace
the brand name for megestrol
breast and endometrial
megestrol is indicated for the treatment of these two cancers
alkylating agent
cyclophosphamide belongs to this class
Cytoxan
the brand name for cyclophosphamide
-taxel
a common ending for taxanes
taxane
Which class of cytotoxic drugs are derived from the Yew tree?
taxane
paclitaxel belongs to this class
taxane
docetaxel belongs to this class
Taxotere
a brand name for docetaxel
Taxol
a brand name for Taxol
Cremophor
This product is used to prepare an emulsion of paclitaxel because it is insoluble in water
vinca alkaloid
vincristine belongs to this class
vinca alkaloid
vinblastine belongs to this class
vinca alkaloid
vinorelbine belongs to this class
taxane
Drugs in this class work by inhibiting microtuble formation
vinca alkaloid
Drugs in this class work by inhibiting microtuble formation
-rubicin
a common ending for anthracyclines
anthracycline
doxorubicin belongs to this class
Adriamycin
a brand name of doxorubicin
anthracycline
epirubicin belongs to this class
-poside
a common ending for topoisomerase inhibitors
-tecan
al common ending for topoisomerase inhibitors
topoisomerase inhibitor
etoposide belongs to this class
topoisomerase inhibitor
teniposide belongs to this class
topoisomerase inhibitor
irinotecan belongs to this class
topoisomerase inhibitor
topotecan belongs to this class
VePesid
a brand name of etoposide
Vumon
a brand name of teniposide
Camptosar
a brand name of irinotecan
Hycamtin
a brand name of topotecan
-platin
a common ending for platinum compounds
platinum compound
cisplatin belongs to this class
platinum compound
carboplatin belongs to this class
platinum compound
oxaliplatin belongs to this class
fluoropyrimidine
capecitabine belongs to this class
Xeloda
a brand name of capecitabine
fluoropyrimidine
5-fluorouracil belongs to this class
fluoropyrimidine
cytarabine belongs to this class
fluoropyrimidine
fludarabine belongs to this class
fluoropyrimidine
gemcitabine belongs to this class
antimetabolite
methotrexate belongs to this class
antimetabolite
pemetrexed belongs to this class
antimetabolite
6-mercaptopurine belongs to this class
antimetabolite
6-thioguanine belongs to this class
methotrexate
the warning label "avoid ASA and NSAIDs" should be applied to prescription vials of which drug due to reduce clearance?
monoclonal antibodies
trastuzumab belongs to this class