81 terms

Touchstone 3 Unit 3

Wonders of the World
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

altitude
the height of something above sea level
ancient
belonging to a time in history that was thousands of years ago
archipelago
a group or chain of islands
erupt
to explode or burst out suddenly
natural
not artificial or synthetic
range
a line of mountains or hills
stadium
a place where people watch sports or other activities
structure
something that has been built, example: a school, bridge, office building
supportive
giving active help, encouragement, or money to somebody or something
suspension
a type of bridge that is very long
Fahrenheit
the American measure of temperature.
Celsius
a metric temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100°
monument
an important site that is marked and preserved to remember someone who has died or to remember an event
roller coaster
beach
the sandy area in front of water like a lake or ocean where people often go swimming
canyon
a deep valley with steep sides, usually in the mountains
continent
one of seven main areas of the land on the earth; North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, Antarctica
desert
a large area of very hot dry land where few plants grow
wildlife
animals and birds that live free in nature
cover
to travel a particular distance ex: We ____ 20km before we stopped to eat lunch.
hiking
walk in nature, like in the mountains or forests
snorkeling
a type of underwater sport
scenery
the natural features of a place, such as the mountains, forests, etc.
sea
a large area of salty water
Greenland
a country that is an island
geography
the study of the countries, oceans, cities, populations of the world or a particular area
trip
usually a vacation; a journey to a new place
(active) volcano
a mountain made from burned materials that may throw out hot rocks and lava from a hole in its top
island
a piece of land completely surrounded by water:
lake
a large area of water that is not salty and is surrounded by land: example - Lake Superior
mountain
a very tall and raised part of the earth's surface, larger than a hill:
mountain range
a group of mountains or hills
natural wonder
something amazing and unusual that is found in nature.
examples: The Grand Canyon, Mount Everest,
ocean
the large mass of salt water that covers most of the earth's surface
Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean
rain forest
a forest in a hot area of the world that receives a lot of rain, and has many different plans and animals.
river
water that moves (flows) naturally through a wide channel that is surrounded by land:
tree
a tall plant that has a wooden trunk and branches growing from its upper part
valley
an area of low land between hills or mountains, often with a river or stream running through it
employ
to pay someone to work or do a job for you
hold
to support or contain something or be able to contain or support it
Example: This water bottle holds one litre of water.
airport
a place where airplanes regularly take off and land, with buildings for passengers and workers
office building
a large building that contains offices where many people (usually in business) work
pyramid
large structures that have three sides and were built in ancient Egypt
shopping mall
a building with many stores inside of it
train station
a place where trains stop and people get on or off
the busiest
adjective - regular superlative
the most busy
the least expensive
adjective - regular superlative
not expensive at all
the most interesting
adjective - regular superlative
something very interesting
the best
adjective - irregular superlative
the most good
the worst
adjective - irregular superlative
not good at all
according to
expression
based on what is said or stated by someone
example: According to my doctor, I should stay at home if I am sick.
affect
verb
have an effect on; make a difference to
average
noun
a number expressing the central or middle value in a set of numbers
bay
a large part of an ocean or sea where the land curves inwards
billion
the number 1,000,000,000
billionaire
someone who has at least one billion dollars
briefly
for a very short amount of time
cliff
a steep rock face, especially at the edge of the sea
coral reef
a ridge of rock in the sea formed by the growth and deposit of coral
deep
going far down from the top or surface
dry
not wet or moist at all
extreme
very severe or serious
flow
when liquid moves in one direction continuously
forest
a large area covered largely with trees
glacier
a large area of snow or ice, usually near mountains
high
very tall
jungle
an area of land with many trees and plants, typically in the hot areas
long
opposite of short
millimetres
a small unit of measurement
peak
the pointed top of a mountain
peninsula
a piece of land almost surrounded by water - sticking out into a body of water
rainfall
the falling of rain
region
an area of land
sandy
describing a place covered in sand
sea level
at the same level as the ocean - used to measure the height of geographical features like mountains
square kilometer
used to measure size of land
tall
the opposite of short
up-side-down
with the upper part where the lower part should be
waterfall
water falling from a tall mountain or cliff
wet
full of water and moisture
wide
measuring the distance between two sides of something

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