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Terms in this set (25)
-1905-1925, music that stresses intense, subjectice emotion. Largely centered in germany and austria
-inner feelings over outward appearences
-delibrate distortion in art, rejection of conventional prettiness
-painer Edvard Munch
-musicians Wagner and Mahler
-Born in Vienna, self taught
-abandoned the traditional tonal system (switch to atonality)
-created the twelve tone system
-music evolved from the past, showing late romantic style
-some songs used sprechstimme
The absence of key
Speech voice, a style of vocal performance halfway between speaking and singing. Used by Schoenberg and his students Berg and Webern
Twelve tone system
-A new way of organizing pitch in composition. Gives equal importance to each of the 12 tones.
-The ordering idea is called a tone row/set/series. There is a unique tone row for each piece.
-piece is built by manipulating the tone row.
-Also called series or set. Used in twelve tone system. The ordering/unifying idea of a composition.
-The row is the source of ever melody and every chord.
-the tone row can be manipulated: original form, retrograde, inversion, and retrograde inversion. Can also be shifted to any pitcher level.
-Moonstruck Pierrot: cycle of 21 songs for female voice and ensemble of 5 musicians who play right instruments. Based on weird poems by Giraud. Influenced twentieth century music. Deals with a clown Pierrot. Song in this: Moondrunk
-A Survivor from Warsaw
-student of Schoenberg, wrote music that is a unique synthesis of traditional and 20th century music
-wrote opera Wozzeck, powerful impression on the public
-Wozzeck is about soldier who is driven to murder and madness by hostile society.
-student of Schoenberg
-shy man, devoted to family, studied privately under Schoenberg
-his music has poetic lyricism
-mostly wrote miniatures
-mostly solo voice or chorus
-atonal and 12 tone system
-music in 2-3 note fragments
-five pieces for orchestra: early atonal pieces. Shortest orchestral composition ever written
-music infused with the spirit of east European folk song
-influenced by Hungarian nationalist movement
-leading authority in peasant folk song
-does not reject any musical influence, but Hungarian was strongest
-emotions and deeply expressive
-always organized works around a tonal center, but harsh dissonance, polychords, and tone clusters
Concerto for orchestra: showpiece for an orchestra of virtuosos
Music in America
-rich and diverse
-psalms in the Protestant church of colonial America
-psalm singer Billings
-up to 20th century, bands are most popular instrumental organization
Sousa is most popular band composer. Stars and stripes forever
-nationalism: Dvorak influenced this
-jazz in the early 20th century. Gershwin, Copland, and Still
-first American woman to achieve international recognition as a composer of large scale works
-usually late romantic in style, influenced by Brahms and Wagner
-The Year's at the Spring: love of nature reflected. Best known song.
-American composer: startlingly original music far ahead of his time
-deeply rooted in folk and popular music he knew as a boy.
-showed wide range of emotions, styles, and techniques. Consonance and dissonance.
Putnam's Camp, Redding, Connecticut: part of his Three Places in New England, a set of three prices for orchestra. Has a program.
-wrote popular songs, musical comedies, and jazz flavored orchestral works
-creator of the golden age of American musical theater
Irresistible to women
Rhapsody in Blue: blues flavor and free form for piano and orchestra. Not true jazz.
William Grant Still
-flowering of African American culture found musical expression through Still
-popular music an and composer of concert works
-first African American to conduct a major symphony orchestra (Los Angeles Philharmonic
Afro-American Symphony: composed after onset of Great Depression, wanted to show that blues could be elevated to the highest musical level.
-leading American composer
-wrote jazz, highly dissonant and sophisticated works, works for larger audiences, patriotic works, and folk based works
-simple yet highly professional works
-used serial techniques
Manipulating a tone row/series
Appalachian spring: originated as a ballet score, then arranged it for a full orchestra
-concerns a pioneer celebration in spring around a farmhouse. Used folk time "Simple Gifts"
The flowering of African American culture feom 1917-1935
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