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22 terms

test 2 more

STUDY
PLAY
cultural relativism
...The anthropological foundation perspective that a culture's customs and ideas should be viewed within the context of that culture
socialization
...used by sociologists and is learning process with emphasis on social interaction
3 types of marriage
monogamy(unites 2 individuals)
polygyny(one mans and 2 or more wives) - Laos
polyandry( one wife and 2 or more husbands) -Tibet
considerations for ongoing marriage
arranged marriages (agreement between goups - alliances) - India
levirate erogamy - when a man dies, his brother
or close relative marries his wife
socorate - when a woman dies, her sister or
close relative marries her widow
endogamy - appropriate spouse must come
from INSIDE your group
exogamy - appropriate spouse comes from
OUTSIDE your group.
financial considerations to marriage
bride wealth
bride service
dowry ( transfer of wealth from bride's family to groom's family)
bride price (transfer of wealth from groom's family to bride - ex:cows)
kinds of kin
affines
consanguines
fictive fin
marriage residence rules
patrilocal residence
matrilical residence
neolocal residence
family structure
nuclear family
extended family
holism
...an approach that studies humans by examing all aspects of the human experience
ethnocentrism
...belief that other cultures are inferior to one's own
emic approach
...an event in a culture wuld be an explanation that derives from the natives of that culture
etic approach
...
culture shock
...psychological disorientation experienced when attempting to operate in a radically different cultural environment
types of kin
consanguines (relatives by blood)
affines (relatives by marriage)
fictive kin (kin not related by marriage or blood -
ex - godparents)
enculturation
term used bu anthropologists and is learning process with emphasis on cultural content
culture is
shared ( to give it meaning)
adaptive (clothing, housing, food)
evolves
learned (NOT BIOLOGICAL)
passed on from generation to generation
cultural systems perspective
shared beliefs (ideas, values)
behaviors (patterns, customs)
artifacts (material possesions)
values
basic ideas
norms
laws, folkaways, social laws
status
social position
roles
current behaviors that people deem appropriate
things that don't hold up cross-culturally
ex: headmaster gave a green hat(school colors) to a boy from Taiwan. Taiwan boy did not enroll because in Taiwan green hat symbolizes having an unfaithful wife.

ex: time - US being on time important but in South America time is not important