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Unit 9 Julie G
Julie Gutierrez, Period 1
Terms in this set (24)
Treaty of Nanking
Treaty with Britain and China that ended the Opium War, gave Hong Kong to Britain, and opened 4 cities for trade.
Commodore Matthew Perry
The Commodore of the U.S. Navy who urged the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa.
Muhammad Ali (Egypt)
Governor of Egypt who modernized the area with many military, educational, and agricultural reforms.
Chinese exclusion act of 1880
An act which suspended chinese immigration, for fear that they were driving down wages.
Movement of Dutch colonists from South Africa that escaped due to the influence of British colonial government in 1834.
British colonial financier and statesman in South Africa who helped colonize the area, and made a fortune in gold and diamond mining.
South African War
A violent war caused by the English people, who tried to gain more power in South Africa, and resulted with the English victorious.
Leopold II of Belgium
A Belgian King who took over and mistreated the land and people of the Congo, and was eventually protested against by other Europeans.
Henry M. Stanely
A New York reporter who went to Africa looking for David Livingstone.
A Scottish missionary and explorer who discovered the Zambezi River and Victoria Falls.
Horatio H. Kitchener
British general who built a railroad as he traveled along the Nile River, and was in conflict with Muslim tribesmen and France.
De Beers Mining Company
Owned by British Cecil Rhodes, and controlled a large amount of the world's rough diamonds.
Maxim Machine Gun
The world's first automatic machine gun that was invented in 1884.
An idea that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle.
English poet and author of "White Man's Burden".
British East India Company
A joint stock company that controlled the political, social, and economic life in India for more than 200 years during the period of imperialism.
Social system in Hindu society in which a person's place is determined by the rank of the family into which they are born.
Indian National Congress
Political party founded in 1885 that was made up of the middle class, and demanded greater Indian participation in government.
Political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868, and set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism.
Gun boat diplomacy
Foreign policy that is supported by the use, or threat of military force in order to achieve diplomatic objectives.
War against Japan and China for the control of natural resources and markets for their goods, and it ended with the Treaty of Portsmouth which granted Japan Chinese port city trading rights.
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the United States in 1899 that stated all nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Rebellion in Beijing in 1899, was started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed foreigners, and the rebellion was ended by British troops.
Sphere of Influence
An area in which a foreign nation had special trading privileges and made laws for its own citizens.
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