What are HYPONATREMIA assessment findings, including lab diagnostics?
- lethargy, headache, ↓ LOC, confusion
- muscle weakness, cramps, tremors
- abdominal cramps & nausea
- If HYPOVOLEMIA ➔ rapid thready pulse, low BP, cold, clammy skin
- If HYPERVOLEMIA ➔ edema, HTN, rapid bounding pulse
- Na <135
- ↓ lower specific gravity (unless hypo/isovolemia b/c getting rid of a lot of fluid & Na goes with it)