GOVT 2306 7, 8, 9 Test
Terms in this set (75)
According to the text, the fact that legislators in Texas meet for only 140 days every other year and receive most of their income from outside sources helps to characterize the legislature in Texas as a(n) ________ legislature.
A salary or per diem increase for legislators in Texas is determined by the
A salary or per diem increase for legislators in Texas is determined by the
Which of the following can be said regarding the short-term biennial sessions in Texas?
The short sessions often necessitate the need for 30-day special sessions.
The legislative function of reviewing state bureaucratic agencies and closing them down if they are no longer viable for the state is called
All Texas legislators are elected from ________ districts.
What was the Supreme Court's ruling in the case of Reynolds v. Sims?
It required that legislative districts be approximately equal in population size.
The term used to reflect the redrawing of district and precinct lines following the national census to reflect population changes is
Should the Texas legislature fail to redistrict, the state constitution provides for the function to be performed by the
Legislative Redistricting Board.
Which gerrymandering technique attempts to diffuse concentrated political party voters among several districts so that their votes within any one district are negligible?
The federal Voting Rights Act once required Texas to
receive preclearance for its newly drawn districts.
If the legislature in Texas wanted to achieve descriptive representation, it would need to
elect representatives that reflect constituents' ethnic and social characteristics
Which of the following accurately describes minority representation in the Texas legislature?
Most Latino legislators are Democrats, but the number of Latino Republicans is growing.
Which group is by far the MOST underrepresented group in the Texas legislature?
Which of the following occupations is the MOST frequently represented profession in Texas legislative bodies?
business owners or executives
Which of the following statements regarding the Texas lieutenant governor is true?
The lieutenant governor has extensive legislative, organizational, procedural, administrative, and planning authority.
The Texas Speaker of the House is
chosen from among the members of the Texas House of Representatives.
Funds raised and spent for a campaign to become Texas Speaker of the House are part of the public record and all expenditures greater than ________ must be reported.
________ standing committees regulate the flow of legislation, pass resolutions, and conduct investigations
Senator Jones is part of a committee that considers bills and performs bureaucratic oversight in the area of agriculture. Senator Jones is part of ________ committee
a substantive standing
A ________ committee is an ad-hoc committee that resolves differences between House and Senate versions of a bill.
The first bill placed on the senate calendar each session is called a ________ , which is usually a bill that will never be considered by the full senate.
A ________ is a prolonged debate by a senator to delay passing of a bill.
The ________ has broad authority for strategic, long-range planning, bill analyses, and policy-impact analyses of education, criminal justice, and financial policies.
Legislative Budget Board
The ________ , which provides research support, information and bill-drafting assistance to legislators, is made up of six senators, the chair of the House Administration Committee, five other representatives, and the lieutenant governor and speaker.
According to the text, the Texas Senate has, like the House, produced rather ________ results.
Which of the following statements BEST describes the power of the Texas governor?
A long-serving governor with the support of powerful interest groups can wield a dominant influence over the enactment and implementation of public policy.
Based on past elections, a person with which of the following characteristics would have an edge in a Texas gubernatorial election?
an Anglo Protestant
More than one-half of the governors who have served since 1900 have been
Texas governors serve
four-year term, with no limit on the number of terms he or she may serve
Impeachment is the legislative equivalent of which of the following?
In the event that the governor is removed or vacates office, who then becomes governor for the remainder of the elected term?
The lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the elected term.
Which of the following statements regarding the governor's salary is TRUE?
The governor's salary is considerably higher than the salaries paid to legislators.
Because their job is to provide a liaison between the office of the governor and the legislature, which individuals serve as the governor's lobbyists?
One of the governor's most powerful formal legislative tools is ________ , a power which allows the governor to stop a bill from becoming law.
Senators have some influence over appointments from their districts due to senatorial
It can be said that the governor possesses ________ appointive power to boards and commissions, and ________ powers of removal
If the state of Texas suffered a natural disaster, the governor may act as the "voice of the people" by requesting federal aid. In this case, the governor would be acting as
chief of state
Which of the following usually has budget power that is more influential than the governor's?
Legislative Budget Board
Which informal legislative power can be used by the governor as a tool of persuasion to influence bureaucrats and help the governor shape legislation while it is still in the legislature?
the threat of veto
Which of the following statements about special sessions is TRUE?
The governor may call as many special sessions as he or she wants.
________ power allows the governor to focus the attention of the press, legislators, and citizens on legislative proposals that he or she considers important.
Governors appoint ________ commissions consisting of influential citizens, politicians, and members of concerned special interest groups to help measure public reaction to proposals or to delay consideration of issues that may be politically uncomfortable.
The Texas Constitution outlines five important elective executive offices that are legally independent of the governor and are therefore responsible to the people rather than the governor. Which of the following executive officers is one of these offices?
One of the most important state regulatory boards in the United States is the ________ , a constitutionally authorized elective board whose three members serve for overlapping six-year terms.
Texas Railroad Commission
The rules and regulations written by administrators to implement public policy are known as
The most natural allies for an agency are its ________ , which are those that are directly affected by agency programs.
constituent or clientele interest groups
Electing executive officers to make the bureaucracy directly accountable to the people through the democratic process is known as
Some reformers advocate a Texas administration patterned after ________ where the chief executive has the power to appoint and remove top administrators.
the cabinet system of the federal government
________ laws require that meetings of government bodies at all levels of government be open to the general public except when personnel, land acquisition, or litigation matters are being discussed.
The text describes the function of the executive branch as
implementing public policies and basically doing what government does
A personal injury suit, a divorce case, a child custody dispute, a breach-of-contract case, a challenge to utility rates, and a dispute over water rights are all examples of
One of the MOST important differences between civil and criminal court cases is the
burden of proof
What kind of court case uses the "preponderance of the evidence" standard?
In a criminal case, the prosecution must prove that the defendant is
guilty beyond reasonable doubt
A court that hears a case for the first time has what type of jurisdiction?
When an appellate court reviews a case that has been appealed
the original case and any lawyer's briefs are reviewed to determine if any legal process involved in the case was handled improperly.
A ________ trial is a new trial conducted in a higher court.
In Texas, municipal courts
have exclusive jurisdiction to try violations of city ordinances
Which of the following is TRUE of the justice of the peace courts?
They are regulated by county commissioners.
________ courts are often described as the chief trial courts of the state.
The caseload in ________ courts is so heavy that plea bargaining is often used to dispose of criminal cases.
Since the U.S. Supreme Court restored the use of capital punishment in 1976, Texas has
executed far more citizens than any other state.
The majority of the cases heard by the Texas Supreme Court are from a
petition for review
A jury for a criminal or civil trial is known as
An alternative to a grand jury indictment is ________ , a written accusation made by the prosecutor against a party charged with a minor crime.
An indictment returned by a grand jury is called a
A request to a judge that a certain prospective juror not be allowed to serve on the jury for a specific reason, such as bias or knowledge of the case, is called a
challenge for cause
Thomas is a defense attorney on a high-profile murder case. During jury selection, he gets the feeling that one prospective juror would not be good for his case, and although he doesn't cite a specific reason, he requests that this juror be removed from the case. This is known as
In Texas, if one juror disagrees with the other jurors' verdict in a criminal case
the result is a hung jury
Why did reformers develop the merit plan for selecting judges?
to make the selection of judges less political
The merit plan is a method of selecting judges on the basis of candidate quality. It is also known as the
When voters in Texas are unaware of a candidate's qualifications, they tend to select judicial candidates based on
political party affiliation
Which of the following groups has dominated recent elections for Texas's highest courts?
Which of the following accurately describes minority representation for judges in the Texas court system?
The Texas court system is overwhelmingly represented by white male judges
According to the essay by Sergio Saenz-Rivera, what mechanism helps prevent Texas judges from engaging in undesirable behavior?
Texas Commission on Judicial Conduct