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53 terms

Review Questions for World War I

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Triple Alliance
Before the war, this included Austria- Hungary, Germany, and Italy
Treaty of Brest- Litovsk
Germany acquired Russian land from this agreement.
Alexander Kerensky
He became the leader of Russia right after the czar's abdication.
U-Boat
The Germans made use of these to counteract the British navy
Armistice
Means "ceasefire"
Conscription/ Draft
Increased the size of the American army prior to its entry into World War I
Eastern Front
The Russians were ineffective at controlling the fighting in this area.
Edward House
He headed a committee that created the 14 points.
Neutrality (U.S.)
Wilson and the U.S. initially had this policy regarding World War I
Gavrilo Princip
An anarchist who was responsible for killing Archduke Ferdinand and his wife.
Eugene V. Debs
American socialist leader who was arrested under the Espionage Act.
A. Mitchell Palmer
Among other things, he closed down immigrant newspapers for being disloyal.
Allied Powers
This alliance refers to the fighting agreement between Russia, France, and Britain.
Czar Nicholas II
He led Russian soldiers on the Eastern Front.
Western Front (Border between France and Germany)
Most of World War I was fought here
Bolsheviks
This group changed its name to the Communist Party.
Lusitania
The sinking of this passenger ship was used for propaganda value by the U.S. and Britain.
"Bread, Land, Peace"
When Lenin came to power, he created this slogan
Balkans
Region where many Slavs were controlled by the Austrian and Turkish Empires.
Conscription (U.S.)/ Draft
Government requires people to join the army.
Barbed Wire
This sometimes tripped up soldiers as they dashed through no man's land
Kaiser Wilhelm II
He fired Bismarck and negated the Reinsurance Treaty
Baltic Sea
Russia wanted more ports along this body of water
Adriatic Sea
Serbia hoped to gain a port on this body of water.
Paris Gun
German gun which could fire a shell up to 130 km
Kaiser Wilhelm I
He was Otto von Bismarck's mentor.
Gallipoli Peninsula
The Turks were waiting for ANZAC soldiers on this body of land
Belgium
The nation's king had a special arrangement with the British
Reinsurance Treaty
Bismarck created this agreement with the Russians because he feared Austrian impulsiveness
Alsace & Lorraine
These two areas were a source of tension between France and Germany
Sudatenland
A German speaking area that is now part of the Czech Republic
Duma
The Russian legislative body
Strait of Dardenelles
Waterway between the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea
No Man's Land
Battlefield between enemy trenches
Non-Agression Pacts (GB, U.S., Japan)
Britain made these agreements because they felt that their dominance of the seas was threatened
Sarajevo
Franz Ferdinand met his death in this Bosnian city
Winston Churchill
He was the author of the battle plan at Gallipoli
Two- Front War
For Germany this meant a war with Russia and France at the same time
Battle of Verdun
The Germans attacked here, forty miles into France
First Battle of the Marne
Instead of invading Paris, the Germans were stuck here in a battle against the British, French, and Belgians
Militarism
Means the glorification of military power.
Russia
This nation considered itself to be the big brother to all Slavs
Battle of the Somme
The British and French attacked Germany in the northeast corner of France.
Anzac (Australians and New Zealanders)
Recruited by the British to distract the Turks in Gallipoli
Ottoman-Turk Empire
They were known as the "sick man of Europe."
Germany
Austria called on this country to support its invasion of Serbia
Franz Ferdinand
He was in Sarajevo on a good will mission
Flame Thrower
This weapon required two people to operate on it.
Vladimir Lenin
He had been in exile for years prior to taking over Russia.
Second Industrial Revolution
This led to European nations gaining more sophisticated weapons
Prussia
Bismarck circumvented the Parliament to make this nation into a military power
Italy
This nation joined Austria and Germany to form the Triple Alliance
Russia
This nation joined with France and Britain to form the Triple Entente.