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one of two paired chromosomes, one from each parent, that carries genes for a specific trait at the same location
haploid sex cell, formed during meiosis, that can be combined with another haploid sex cell and produce a diploid fertilized egg
reduction division process, occurring only in reproductive cells, in which one diploid cell produces four haploid cells that are not genetically identical.
exchange of chromosomal segments between a pair of homologous chromosmes during Prophase I of Meiosis
functional unit that controls inherited trait expression that is passed on from one generation to another
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