18 terms

Buddhism- temple puja

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What does the word 'Puja' actually mean?
Means 'offering' or 'worship'
What is classified as being Puja?
Any sacred site or building where an image of Buddha present
List some examples of where Temple Puja commonly would take place.
Temple, home shrine
Is there a set time or place for Puja?
No, Puja can occur at any time of the week, there is no set time or place
Puja gives Buddhist adherents the opportunity to CONTEMPLATE and take on Buddha nature/Buddhahood
...
The practice of Puja involves what actions?
chanting, reciting prayers, lighting candles or incense, bowing
Are there any set rules for worship when conducting Puja?
There are no set rules, however, there are a variety of worship styles
What is the expected protocol when entering into Temple Puja or Puja?
Shoes are to be removed, food cannot be brought into the temple unless its being used as an offering. Worshipers sit cross-legged and in silence.
Why do Buddhist adherents sit cross-legged?
Reflects the belief that pointing the soles of your feet towards an image of Buddha or a monk is disrespectful
In Buddhist thinking, the head and feet are considered...?
Head is the most sacred part of ones body, feet are seen as the most unholy
How does Puja become a multi-sensory experience for the worshipers?
See the statue/image of Buddha, hear the chanting or sounds of bells, smell the incense burning
Worshipers may listen to the monks chanting from the scriptures. What do the monks commonly chant and what does this chanting aim to achieve?
Chanting 'Perfection of Wisdom' (enhances believers understanding and insight in their life) and/or 'Hail Jewel of the Lotus' (brings the adherent closer to enlightenment)
What do the following symbolize?
Bells- call to prayer, represents followers concentration being freed from distractions and worries in life, used in a Buddhist temple to create a solemn, focused environment.
Incense- purifying oneself, represents the idea of reaching Nirvana.
Candles- acts as the light of Dharma in the darkness of ignorance.
Flowers- powerful reminders of beauty and impermanence. Fragrance is a reminder of compassionate service.
Describe the practice of Temple Puja.
1. Adherent enter and remove their shoes
2. Approach the statue or figure of Buddha
3. kneel down before the statue/image and bow their heads 3 times (Three Jewels of Buddhism) foreheads must clearly touch the ground.
What does the term 'prostrating mean' and who does it?
It is the practice of laying full length across the floor, in which the head is directly facing the image of the Buddha. Is usually performed by Tibetan Buddhists.
What is the symbolism of making offerings?
Brings about good karma, individual gives example behavior which can be followed
If Puja does not necessarily need to conducted in a temple, why do Buddhists even have temples?
Temple Puja becomes the interaction point between the individual and the Sangha, therefore it connects the Buddhist community. Without the connection between the Sangha and the individual, the three jewels of Buddhism become non-existent.
Explain the following significance of Puja for the individual.
Right View and Intention relates to the way one approaches the offerings and other aspects of Puja.
Right Speech and Right Action the making of offering bowing to the image, chanting all form part of the correct accepted behavior.
Right Effort and Right Mindfulness, more difficult to attain but are a part of the chanting and meditation process.
right concentration is the end point for the chanting and the meditation.