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Geography: Chapter 8 South Asia Vocabulary

Geography: Realms, Regions and Concepts
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Wet Monsoon
hot summer months when low atmospheric pressure over the land sucks in moisture laden air from the adjacent cooler ocean
Social stratification
a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy
Refugees
people who flee their country because of persecution or danger
Population geography
A subdivision of human geography that focuses on the spatial aspects of demography and the influences of demographic change on particular
population distribution
the way people have arranged themselves in geographic space.
population density
number of individuals per unit area
physiologic density
the number of people per unit area of arable land.
rate of natural population change
Population growth measured as the excess of live births over deaths per 1000 individuals per year.Nature increase of a population does not reflect either emigrant or immigrant movements.
demographic transition
change in a population from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates
population explosion
the rapid growth of the world's human population during the past century
forward capital
capital city positioned in actually or potentially contested territory usually near an international border,
irredentism
A policy of cultural extension and potential political expansion by a country aimed at a group of its nationals living in a neighboring country
caste system
the strict social segregation of people-specifically in india's hindu society-on the basis of ancestry and occupation
intervening opportunity
The presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away.
natural hazards
events in the physical environment that can destroy human life and property
failed state
a country whose institutions have collapsed and where anarchy prevails
insurgent state
Territorial embodiment of a successful guerrilla movement. The establishment by antigovernment insurgents of a territorial base in which they exercise full control; thus a state within a state.
marchland
An area or frontier of uncertain boundaries that is subject to various national claims and an unstable political history. Refers specifically to the movement of various armies, refugees, and migrants across such zones.
aryans
people speaking Indo-European languages based in what is today Iran
vedism
foundation of Hinduism, Aryan belief system
dalits
the "oppressed"; in India, people assigned to the lowest social class (another name for untouchables)
harijans
means "children of God" and was Gandhi's designation for the untouchables
Khalistan
the country the Sikhs wanted to create, meaning "pure people"
hindutva
a desire to remake India as a society in which Hindu principles prevail
golden quadrilateral
a four-lane expressway in India that connects Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata
terai
foothills between Himalayas and Indo-Gangetic Plain; Nepal