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100 terms

100 words every high school student should know

STUDY
PLAY
abjure
to renounce, repudiate under oath; to avoid, shun
abrogate
revoke formally
abstemious
sparing in consumption of especially food and drink
acumen
shrewdness shown by keen insight
antebellum
belonging to a period before a war especially the American Civil War
auspicious
attended by favorable circumstances
belie
to contradict, to give a false impression
bellicose
having or showing a ready disposition to fight
bowdlerize
remove or change parts considered vulgar or immoral
chicanery
the use of tricks to deceive someone (usually to extract money from them)
chromosome
threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next
churlish
(adj.) lacking politeness or good manners; lacking sensitivity; difficult to work with or deal with; rude
circumlocution
an indirect way of expressing something
circumnavigate
travel around, either by plane or ship
decidious
a tree that sheds and regrows its leaves in response to seasonal changes, like ginkgo
deleterious
harmful to living things
diffident
lacking self-confidence
enervate
to weaken or lessen the mental, moral, or physical vigor of; enfeeble, hamstring
enfranchise
grant freedom to
epiphany
a revelation; sudden knowledge or insight
equinox
either of two times of the year when the sun crosses the plane of the earth's equator and day and night are of equal length
euro
the basic monetary unit of most members of the European Union (introduced in 1999)
evanescent
vanishing, soon passing away; light and airy
expurgate
To remove objectionable passages or words from a written text; to cleanse, purify
facetious
cleverly amusing in tone
fatuous
complacently or inanely foolish
feckless
generally incompetent and ineffectual
fiduciary
a person who holds assets in trust for a beneficiary
filibuster
a legislator who gives long speeches in an effort to delay or obstruct legislation that he (or she) opposes
gamete
a mature sexual reproductive cell having a single set of unpaired chromosomes
gauche
lacking social polish
gerrymander
an act of gerrymandering (dividing a voting area so as to give your own party an unfair advantage)
hegemony
the consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others
hemoglobin
a hemoprotein composed of globin and heme that gives red blood cells their characteristic color
homogenous
all of the same or similar kind or nature
hubris
overbearing pride or presumption
hypotenuse
the side of a right triangle opposite the right angle
impeach
bring an accusation against
incognito
without revealing one's identity
incontrovertible
impossible to deny or disprove
inculate
to impress on the mind by repetition, teach persistently and earnestly
infrastructure
the basic, underlying framework or features of a system or organization.
interpolate
insert words into texts, often falsifying it thereby
irony
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
jejune
lacking interest or significance
kinetic
relating to the motion of material bodies and the forces associated therewith
kowtow
a former Chinese custom of touching the ground with the forehead as a sign of respect or submission
laissez faire
the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs
lexicon
a language user's knowledge of words
loquacious
full of trivial conversation
lugubrious
excessively mournful
metamorphosis
a striking change in appearance or character or circumstances
mitosis
cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
moiety
one of two (approximately) equal parts
nanotechnology
the branch of engineering that deals with things smaller than 100 nanometers (especially with the manipulation of individual molecules)
nihilism
complete denial of all established authority and institutions
nomenclature
a system of words used in a particular discipline
nonsectarian
not restricted to one sect or school or party
notarize
authenticate as a notary
obsequious
attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery
oligarchy
a political system governed by a few people
omnipotent
having unlimited power
orthography
a method of representing the sounds of a language by written or printed symbols
oxidize
enter into a combination with oxygen or become converted into an oxide
parabola
a plane curve formed by the intersection of a right circular cone and a plane parallel to an element of the curve
paradigm
a standard or typical example
parameter
a quantity (such as the mean or variance) that characterizes a statistical population and that can be estimated by calculations from sample data
pecuniary
relating to or involving money
photosynthesis
process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
plagiarize
take without referencing from someone else's writing or speech
plasma
colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended
polymer
a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
preciptious
extremely or impassably steep
quasar
a starlike object that may send out radio waves and other forms of energy
quotidian
found in the ordinary course of events
recapitulate
summarize briefly
reciprocal
concerning each of two or more persons or things
reparation
compensation (given or received) for an insult or injury
respiration
the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation
sanguine
confidently optimistic and cheerful
soliloquy
a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections
subjugate
put down by force or intimidation
suffragist
an advocate of the extension of voting rights (especially to women)
supercillious
looking down on others; proud and scornful
tautology
useless repetition
taxonomy
practice of classifying plants and animals according to their presumed natural relationships
tectonic
pertaining to the structure or movement of the earth's crust
tempestuous
(of the elements) as if showing violent anger
thermodynamics
the branch of physics concerned with the conversion of different forms of energy
totalitarian
characterized by a government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control
unctuous
unpleasantly and excessively suave or ingratiating in manner or speech
usurp
seize and take control without authority and possibly with force
vacuous
devoid of significance or point
vehement
marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions
vortex
a powerful circular current of water (usually the resulting of conflicting tides)
winnow
treat by exposure to a current of air so that waste matter is eliminated
wrought
shaped to fit by or as if by altering the contours of a pliable mass (as by work or effort)
xenophobe
person afraid of foreigners
yeoman
in former times was free and cultivated his own land
ziggurat
a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians