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Chapter 6: American Revolution
Chapter 6: Sections 1-4
Terms in this set (53)
Wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense which supported independence from Britain
The Declaration of Independence begins with a ________________, or introduction stating the reason for the writing
The Virginia __________________ was introduced to Congress which stated that states "ought to be free and independent states".
The 2nd main section (2) of the Declaration of Independence details a long list of complaints or _____________ wrong doings committed by the king.
Americans called ________________ wanted independence from Britain.
One section (1) of the Declaration of Independence states that" all men are created equal" and that all are " endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights". This statement from John Locke is based on the idea of ________________.
motivated solely by desire for money/ soldier for hire
An agreement between nations to work together for common interests
Soldiers on horseback
Battle of Long island
In the Battle of ___________________, the British drove Washington's troops out of Brooklyn.
A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine during the darkest days of the Revolution for the Patriots that spurred them to keep fighting.
Battle of Trenton
On Christmas Day at night, Washington's soldiers began crossing the Delaware River. The next morning, they surprise attacked the British mercenaries which were Hessians. The Patriots won.
Battle at Saratoga
What battle was the turning point of the Revolutionary War?
The site of the Continental Army's camp during the winter of 1777-1778. Poorly housed, dressed, and fed, many died from cold and starvation.
What were 3 important results of the Battle of Saratoga, New York?
1. It ended British hopes of early victory
2. It lifted Patriot spirits
3. It convinced Europeans that America could win
To enroll, usually voluntarily, for military service
People not in the military.
To pay for troops, Congress printed __________________, or paper money.
Armed civilian ships that had their government's permission to attack enemy ships and keep their goods
____________ hoped to obtain rights after serving in the military.
They tended farms, took over their husband's businesses, and took care of the wounded.
type of fighting in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks against the enemy
A person who betrays his or her country
Commanding general of the British forces that were defeated at Yorktown in 1781, ending the American Revolution.
Battle at Yorktown
October 19, 1781 American forces defeated the British. It was the last battle of the War for Independence.
Cornwallis and his troops trapped at Yorktown
1. American and French troops blocked his escape by land.
2. French fleet blocked his escape by sea.
Treaty of Paris
(1783) peace agreement that officially ended the Revolutionary War and established Britain's formal recognition of the US
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Advantages for the British at the start of the American Revolution?
Having a large navy, lots of supplies and skilled soldiers.
Advantages for the Patriots at the start of the American Revolution?
Knowing the geography of the land, good marksmanship, good leaders and a strong desire for independence.
Richard Henry Lee
Proposed the Virginia Resolution to Congress for Independence of the states.
France, Spain, and the Netherlands
Countries that supported and provided help during the States during the Revolutionary war.
Marquis de Lafayette, Casimir Pulaski, and Baron Freidrich von Steuben
Foreigners- French, Polish and German who were crucial to the war effort.
Was known as the Swamp Fox because of his guerrilla tactics and frontier fighters.
The commander of the Continental Army in the South
the final American victory came in __________ at Yorktown, Virginia.
Congress approved the Treaty of Paris in which Britain acknowledges the USA independence, established borders, and agreed to return Loyalists land and property.
Four factors that helped Americans win the Revolutionary war
1. their knowledge of geography and local supply lines
2. a deep sense of patriotism that inspired them
3. Assistance or help from their allies- France, Netherlands and Spain
4. Great leaders in charge of the army and government
Liberty and equality
Tow important ideas for which Americans fought
July 4, 1776
The Declaration of Independence is approved by Congress
August 2, 1776
The Declaration of Independence is signed by the Delegates
a pledge or resolution
How did the Declaration of Independence end?
King George II of England
who was the leader of the British Empire
the Colonist prepare to go to war for their freedom against Britain.
What was the immediate result of the Declaration of Independence?
German forces contracted by the British government to fight , were defeated at the Battle of Trent
List three things that Baron Fredrick von Steuben do to improve the American recruits
He taught the American forces
1. how to march
2. how to aim with a riffle
3. how to attack with bayonets
Generals at the Battle of Saratoga
General Horatio Gates- American army
General Burgoyne- British army
List four things the soldiers needed desperately at Valley Forge?
food, clothing, medicine and housing
they were promised freedom
Why did Washington decided to accept African-American soldiers in the war?
John Paul Jones
An American sea commander who attacked and destroyed British warship Serapis
How did Spain and Cuba helped the American War effort?
1.Bernardo de Galvez provides money, weapons and safe harbors
2. the Havana's Ladies gathered millions of dollars and gave it to the American forces
George Rogers Clark
attacked and captured British forts and their Native American allies
What important effect did the American Revolution have on the rest of the world?
gaining its independence provided a model or example for other countries to follow
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