News 1 Law and Ethics
a tort consisting of false and malicious publication printed for the purpose of defaming a living person
words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another
the practice of reviewing material in advance of publication for the purpose of approving or disapproving content (principal checks paper, Hazelwood)
censorship of or punishment for the expression of ideas before the ideas are printed or spoken
Either knowledge of a defamatory statement's falsity or a reckless disregard for the truth.
individuals portrayed as something other than they are to point of embarassment
FEATURE stories, stories about celebrities, and other news items that do not derive their news value from proximity, timeliness, or relevance to the reader or viewer.
IMPORTANT traditional news items that derive their value from recent, relevant events that have some bearing on the lives of readers or viewers.
Freedom of Religion
People shall be free to exercise their religion, and government may not establish a religion.
Freedom of Speech
The right to engage in oral, written, and symbolic speech protected by the First Amendment.
Freedom of Petition
the right to present requests to the government without punishment or reprisal. This right is guaranteed in the First Amendment to the US Constitution.
Freedom of Assembly
the right peaceably to assemble and to petition the government for redress of grievances
freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
Freedom of Press
The right to publish newspapers, magazines, and books found in the 1st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution
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