27 terms

The Amendments

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Amendment I
The First Amendment states that Congress shall make no law preventing the establishment of religion or prohibiting its free exercise. Also protected are freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and the right to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Amendment II
The Second Amendment protects citizen's right to bear arms.
*Amendment III
The Third Amendment prevents the government from placing troops in private homes. This was a real problem during the American Revolutionary War.
Amendment IV
The Fourth Amendment this amendment prevents the government from unreasonable search and seizure of the property of US citizens. It requires the government to have a warrant that was issued by a judge and based on probable cause.
Amendment V
The Fifth Amendment is famous for people saying "I'll take the Fifth". This gives people the right to choose not to testify in court if they feel their own testimony will incriminate themselves. Also said a person couldn't be tried for the same crime twice.
Amendment VI
The Sixth Amendment guarantees a speedy trial by a jury of one's peers. Also, people accused are to be informed of the crimes with which they are charged and have the right to confront the witnesses brought by the government. The amendment also provides the accused the right to compel testimony from witnesses, and to legal representation (meaning the government has to provide a lawyer).
Amendment VII
The Seventh Amendment provides that civil cases also be tried by jury.
Amendment VIII
The Eighth Amendment prohibits excessive bail, excessive fines, and cruel and unusual punishments.
*Amendment IX
The Ninth Amendment states that the list of rights described in the Constitution is not exhaustive, and that the people still have all the rights that are not listed.
Amendment X
The Tenth Amendment gives all powers not specifically given to the United States government in the Constitution, to either the states or to the people.
*Amendment XI
This amendment set limits on when a state can be sued. In particular it gave immunity to states from lawsuits from out-of-state citizens and foreigners not living within the state borders.
*Amendment XII
Revised the presidential election procedures.
Amendment XIII
This amendment abolished slavery and involuntary servitude.
Amendment XIV
Defined what it means to be a US citizen. It prohibits states from reducing the privileges of citizens and ensures each citizen the 'right to due process and the equal protection of the law'.
Amendment XV
Gave all men the right to vote regardless of race or color or whether they had been slaves.
Amendment XVI
Gave the federal government the power to collect income tax.
Amendment XVII
Established that senators would be directly elected.
Amendment XVIII
Prohibition of alcohol making alcoholic drinks illegal. (It would later be repealed by the Twenty-first Amendment)
Amendment XIX
The 19th amendment gave women the right to vote. It's also called women's suffrage.
Amendment XX
Gave details on the terms of office for Congress and the President. "lame duck"
Amendment XXI
This amendment repealed the Eighteenth Amendment.
Amendment XXII
Limited the president to a maximum of two terms or 10 years.
Amendment XXIII
Provided that Washington, DC be allowed representatives in the Electoral College. This way the citizens of Washington DC would have a vote for the president even though they are not officially part of a state.
Amendment XXIV
Said that people don't have to pay a tax, called a poll tax, in order to vote.
Amendment XXV
This amendment defined the presidential succession if something should happen to the president. The first in line is the Vice-President.
Amendment XXVI
Set the national voting age at 18.
*Amendment XXVII
States that Congressional salary changes can not take effect until the beginning of the next session of Congress.