Chapter 4--Folk and Popular Culture 2
A mixture of Rubenstein and Fellmann terms
Terms in this set (27)
Material objects we use to fill the basic needs of food, defense and protection from the elements.
Associated with "cultural landscape." A society's collective material culture. Large scale is buildings, bridges and roads. Small scale would be furniture, musical instruments and tools.
A term coined by Donald Meining. Refers to a region where the core is the cultural hearth, the domain the next concentric circle of diffusion, and the sphere the furthest area where this particular culture is diffused.
The sharing of technologies, organizational structures and cultural traits and artifacts among widely separated societies (facilitated by instantaneous communication and efficient transportation.)
A set of culture regions. In North America, the United States and Canada form a culture realm, but Mexico belongs to a different culture realm (also called macrocultural regions). Can be referred to as "worlds," such as the "Islamic World" or "Western World."
folk culture (folkways)
Refers to cultural practices that form the sights smells, sounds and rituals of everyday existence in traditional societies (usually small, homogeneous groups living in isolated rural areas).
Loss of distinct local features in favor of standardized landscapes (happens as a result of pervasiveness of pop culture, etc.)
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
The specific customs that are part of the everyday life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture.
These comprise the ideological subsystem of culture; including ideas, beliefs, and knowledge, and how these things are communicated. Includes mythologies, theologies, legend, literature, folk wisdom.
Aspects of culture related to social behavior, cohesion, and control. Examples include norms related to family, marriage, and childrearing, as well as institutional manifestations such as educational or political systems.
an area in which people have many shared culture traits
a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
a group of culture traits all interrelated and dominated by one essential trait
sharing enough cultural traits and complexes to be recognized as a distinctive cultural entity
Intangible part of culture. Mentifacts and sociofacts. Folk songs, folk story, customary behavior, patterns of worship, philosophies.
The frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group of people performing the act.
A repetitive act performed by a particular individual
Physical, visible things: everything from musical instruments to furniture, tools and buildings.
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom.
Reasons certain culture/region eat certain types of food.
The spatial expression of a popular custom in one location being similar to another, such as restaurants.
Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group. (The environment is the medium, the people/culture are the artist, the painting is the cultural landscape.)
The concept that people of different cultures will differently observe and interpret their environment and make different decisions about its nature, potentialities and use.
the practice of conducting business according to both local and global considerations.
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