Chapter 4 History Vocab
Terms in this set (25)
First Continental Congress
(1774) a meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to decide how to respond to the closing of Boston Harbor, increased taxes, and abuses of authority by the British government; delegates petitioned King George III, listing the freedoms they believed colonists should enjoy it.
American colonists who faught for independence from Great Britain during the Revolutionary War.
American colonial militia members ready to fight at a minute's notice.
British soldiers who faught against the colonists in the American Revolution; so called because of their bright red uniforms.
Second Continental Congress
(1775) A meeting of colonial delegates in Philadelphia to decide how to react to fighting at Lexington and Concord.
The army created by the Second Continental Congress in 1775 to defend the American colonies from Britain.
(1732-1799) Revolutionary War hero and Patriot leader, he served as a representative to the Continental Congresses, commanded the Continental Amery, and was unanimously elected to two terms as president of the United States.
Battle of Bunker Hill
(1775) A revolutionary War battle in Boston that demonstrated that the colonists could fight well against the British army.
(1776) A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that critized monarchies and convinced many American colonists of the need to break away from Britain.
(1737-1809) American political philosopher and author, he urged an immediate declaration of independence from England in his anonymously and simply written pamphlet, Common Sense.
(1743-1826) American statesman, and member of two Continental Congresses, chairman of the committee to draft the Declaration of Independence, the Declaration's main author and one of its signers, and the third president of the United States.
Declaration of Independence
(1776) The document written to declare the colonies free from British rule.
Colonists who sided with Britain in the American Revolution.
hired foreign soldiers
Battle of Trenton
(1776) A Revolutionary War battle in New Jersey in which Patriot forces captured more than 900 Hessian troops.
Battle of Saratoga
(1777) A Revolutionary War battle in New York that resulted in a major defeat of British troops; marked the Patriots' greatest victory up to that point in the war.
Marquis de Lafayette
(1757-1834) French statesman and officer who viewed the American Revolution as important to the world, he helped finance the Revolution and served as major general.
Baron Fridrich von Steuben
(1730-1794) Prussian soldier who helped train American forces at Valley Forge in the American Revolutionary War.
Bernardo de Gálvez
(1746-1786) Governor of Spanish Louisiana, he captured key cities from the British, greatly aiding the american Patriot movement and enabling the Spanish acquisition of Florida.
John Paul Jones
(1747-1792) American naval officer famed for bravery, his most famous victory was the defeat of the British warships Serapis, during which he declared, "I have not yet begun to fight!"
George Rogers Clark
(1752-1818) American Revolutionary soldier and frontier leader, he captured the British trading village of Kaskaskia during the Revolution and encouraged Indian leaders to remin neutral.
(1732? - 1795) Revolutionary War commander of Marion's Brigade, a group of guerrilla soldiers in South Carolina that used surprise raids against British communications and supply lines.
Comte de Rochambeau
Battle of Yorktown
(1781) The last major battle of the Revolutionary War; site of British general Charles cornwallis's surrender to the Patriots in Virginia.
Treaty of Paris of 1783
a peace agreement that officially ended the revolutionary war and established British recognition of the independence of the United States